how to deal with the problem of forgetting what you have read or what you know already

chinyere the intelligent model

common don’t deny it ! at one point or the other we have all been faced with this ugly trend of forgetting a vital piece of information when we needed it :, forgetting something is natural but what if it becomes too frequent then something has to be done about it because it can be very frustrating studying for an exam diligently on to end up forgetting the right answers in the exam hall , here on handsomebeauty’s blog we will be offering you a list of tips that will help you to remember what you already know faster :

do you find yourself forgetting where you left your keys or
blanking out information on important tests? Fortunately, there
are plenty of things that you can do to help improve your
memory.
Before your next big exam, be sure to check out some of these
tried and tested techniques for improving memory. These
research-proven strategies can effectively improve memory,
enhance recall, and increase retention of information.
1. Focus your attention on the materials you are studying.Attention is
one of the major components of memory. In order for information to
move from short-term memory into long-
term memory, you need to actively attend
to this information. Try to study in a place
free of distractions such as television,
music, and other diversions.
2. Avoid cramming by establishing regular study
sessions.
According to Bjork (2001), studying materials over a number of
session’s gives you the time you need to adequately process the
information. Research has shown that students who study
regularly remember the material far better than those who do all
of their studying in one marathon session.
3. Structure and organize the information you are
studying.
Researchers have found that information
is organized in memory in related
clusters. You can take advantage of this by
structuring and organizing the materials
you are studying. Try grouping similar
concepts and terms together, or make an
outline of your notes and textbook
readings to help group related concepts.
4. Utilize mnemonic devices to remember
information.
Mnemonic devices are a technique often used by students to aid in
recall. A mnemonic is simply a way to remember information. For
example, you might associate a term you need to remember with a
common item that you are very familiar with. The best
mnemonics are those that utilize positive imagery, humor, or
novelty. You might come up with a rhyme, song, or joke to help
remember a specific segment of information.
5. Elaborate and rehearse the information you are
studying.
In order to recall information, you need to encode what you are
studying into long-term memory. One of the most effective
encoding techniques is known as elaborative rehearsal. An
example of this technique would be to read the definition of a key
term, study the definition of that term and then read a more
detailed description of what that term means. After repeating this
process a few times, you’ll probably notice that recalling the
information is much easier.
6. Relate new information to things you already
know.
When you are studying unfamiliar material, take the time to think
about how this information relates to things that you already
know. By establishing relationships between new ideas and
previously existing memories, you can dramatically increase the
likelihood of recalling the recently learned information.
7. Visualize concepts to improve memory and
recall.
Many people benefit greatly from
visualizing the information they study.
Pay attention to the photographs, charts,
and other graphics in your textbooks. If
you do not have visual cues to help, try
creating your own. Draw charts or figures
in the margins of your notes or use
highlighters or pens in different colors to
group related ideas in your written study materials.
8. Teach new concepts to another person.
Research suggests that reading materials out loud significantly
improves memory of the material. Educators and psychologists
have also discovered that having students actually teach new
concepts to others enhances understanding and recall. You can use
this approach in your own studies by teaching new concepts and
information to a friend or study partner.
9. Pay extra attention to difficult information.
Have you ever noticed how it’s sometimes easier to remember
information at the beginning or end of a chapter? Researchers
have found that the order of information can play a role in recall,
which is known as the serial position effect.
While recalling middle information can be difficult, you can
overcome this problem by spending extra time rehearsing this
information. Another strategy is to try restructuring what you
have learned so it will be easier to remember. When you come
across an especially difficult concept, devote some extra time to
memorizing the information.
10. Vary your study routine.
Another great way to increase your recall is to occasionally
change your study routine. If you are accustomed to studying in
one specific location, try moving to a different spot during your
next study session. If you study in the evening, try spending a few
minutes each morning reviewing the information you studied the
previous night. By adding an element of novelty to your study
sessions, you can increase the effectiveness of your efforts and
significantly improve your long-term recall.
11. Get some sleep.
Researchers have long known that sleep is important for memory
and learning. Some recent research has shown that taking a nap
after you learn something new can actually help you learn faster
and remember better.
One study actually found that sleeping after learning something
new actually leads to physical changes in the brain. Sleep deprived
mice experienced less dendtritic growth following a learning task
than well-rested mice.
So the next time you are struggling to learn new information,t
consider getting a good night’s sleep after you study.
http://psychology.about.com/od/cognitivepsychology/tp/memory_
tips.htm
7

chinyere the intelligent model
chinyere the intelligent model

Author: HandsomebeautyGarden

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