Classification of living things is called “Taxonomy.” This is when scientists put organisms into groups when they have things in common. The first groups they use are the Kingdoms. There are five kingdoms:
• Animal Kingdom
• Plant Kingdom
• Fungi Kingdom
• Protist Kingdom
• Moneran Kingdom
Every Kingdom is further sub-divided into minor groups, known as Phyla. Every Phylum is divided into slighter groups known as Classes, every Class is subdivided into Orders, every Order is divided into Families, every Family is further divided into Genera, and every Genus divided into Species.
A Species is a particular organism, not a group. A few examples of species are Southern Leopard Frog, Honey Mushroom, or White Oak. Every one of the seven types of groups exit in order from biggest to least, in this manner:
As every group got divided into minor groups, the organisms look more and more identical. For example, a White-tailed Deer, an Eastern Gray Squirrel, and an Eastern Chipmunk are examples of Mammal n the same Class.
This is due to the fact of the things they have in common with each other more than with other animals, like the turtles, birds, or insects. Nevertheless, it is simple to observe that there are several huge differences between a deer, squirrels and chipmunks.
The White-tailed Deer is in the Aritiodactyla Order together with toed Hoofed Mammals, while squirrels and chipmunks are together in the Rodentia Order (Rodents).
In reality, squirrels and chipmunks have a lot in common. They are also in the same Family, the Sciuridae Family. Nevertheless, despite the fact that squirrels and chipmunks look alike, they still possess some differences.
The Eastern Gray Squirrel is classified among the Sciurus Genus, while the Eastern Chipmunk is classified among the Tamias Genus.
You would observe that each one of these groups have names which are funny. This is so because Scientists globally consented to making use of the ancient language of Latin to name organisms, and their groups.
Occasionally a group will possess a “Common Name” and a scientific Latin name. For instance a Family of frogs that are given Scientific Latin name “Ranidae” is commonly known as “True Frogs in English.
Also, the entire organism’s Species have scientific Latin name. A Bullfrog for example is as well referred to as “Rana catesbeiana.” A White-tailed Deer is referred to as “Odocoileus virginianus.” A Monarch butterfly is referred to as “Danaus plexipus.”
What makes it simpler to know all the names is the knowledge that a Species always bear a first and a last name; and that the first name is as well the name of the Genus group that Species belongs to.
So the Monarch butterfly is referred to as Danaus plexipus and it is in the Danaus genus. Take note that the first name of a Species is constantly written in cap lock whereas the second name is written in lower case.