Ecological adaptations of plants and animals


   plant animal ecology    Ecological adaptations of plants and animals
Ecological Adaptations – Mesophytes

These are land plants which grow in moist habitats and need well aerated soils. They prefer soil and air with moderate humidity. They keep away from soils that are waterlogged and soils that contain great quantity of salts.

Ecological Adaptations – Xerophytes

These are plants adapted to grow in dry habitats. They are divided into three categories on the basis of their morphology and life – cycle pattern.

Ecological Adaptations – Halophytes

The plants, which grow and thrive in salty habitats, are referred to as Halophytes. There is lofty concentration of salts like sodium chloride, MgSO4 and so on in these habitats. As the habitat is physiologically dry as a result of the salt contents, the halophytes exhibits characteristics similar to those of Xerophytes.

Adaptation to Environment In Animals

Animals as well have to face the problem of water scarcity or abundance. They also have to meet a variety of vagaries of nature. Therefor, for their survival under these conditions, animals have as well developed a number of adaptations to meet the challenges.

Adaptation to Environment In Animals

Adaptations for flight are known as volant adaptations. Bats, birds and insects are well adapted for an energetic flight.

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