Photos | Sick Little girl crying out pure blood


Photos | Sick Little girl crying out pure blood.
  Photos Sick Little girl crying out pure blood

 Photos Sick Little girl crying out pure blood

 Photos Sick Little girl crying out pure blood

A toddler has left doctors baffled in India with a mystery condition that causes her to cry tears of blood, Dailymail has reported . The little girl identified as Ahana Afzal, three, started bleeding from her nose two years ago while suffering with pneumonia and doctors put it down to a high fever.
Things have worsened as she now bleeds from her mouth, ears and eyes almost every day despite having no visible scratches, leaving her exhausted with crippling migraines.
Her desperate parents Nazima Begum, 28, and Mohammed Afzal, 33, have spent more than a thousand pounds on tests but still don’t have an official diagnosis.
Medics suspect she might have an ultra-rare condition hematodrosis which makes sufferers sweat blood.
Ms Begum, from Hyderabad in south Indian state of Telangana, said: ‘My baby asks me as to why she keeps bleeding from her ears.
‘I don’t know how to answer that question. I am clueless about her condition.
‘All I know is every time she bleeds, her hemoglobin levels goes down drastically and we have to get blood transfused into her body.’
Her father, Mohammed, a fitness trainer, said his daughter’s problems started when she had a nose bleed, aged one, when she was suffering pneumonia.
The father, who also has a healthy four-year-old son, said: ‘Doctors told us that there was nothing to worry as the bleeding might be happening because of high fever.
‘But when the frequency of bleeding increased, we decided to take her to a better medical facility.
‘Our world came crashing down when we learnt that our baby might be suffering from a rare disease.’
Before noticing her daughter’s predicament, the toddler was bubbly and cheerful, but is now left exhausted due to her rare condition. She used to go to play school but two months ago was forced to stay at home due to her illness.
Despite earning just £70 a month, the family has spent £1,700 on medical tests in the hope of getting a diagnosis and treatment.
‘The doctors are saying that we need around Rs 150,000 (£1,792) to do more tests,’ he added.
‘They said that only after analysing the report they will be able to officially confirm that this is a case of stigmata.
‘I don’t know where to organize the funds from.
‘It was then I was told by a wellwisher about the possibility of raising the required some through crowdfunding.
‘We have now created a crowdfunding page, hoping to get help – monetary or otherwise.’
His desperate wife added: ‘I want to appeal to the kind souls out their to help us save our life.
‘This is a rare disease. If any of you know about a child suffering from a similar condition, please let get in touch with us.
‘If you know a doctor who has been to cure such cases, please consider passing on the doctor’s contact details.
‘Last but not the least, please help save our baby.
‘My husband is doing double shifts to organize money for her treatment, but we haven’t been able to arrange the money as yet.
‘You are our last hope or else we have to helplessly see our baby die in front of our eyes.’
Dr Sirisha Rani, a pediatrician at Rainbow Children Medicare hospital, where Ahana has been treated in the past, believes she has Hematodrosis.
He added: ‘Ahana Required multiple transfusions and recurrent admissions.
‘We got a few tests done, she would need further investigation if the problem persists.
‘The estimated cost of which would be around Rs 150,000 more.’
http://www.informationng.com/2017/07/meet-toddler-cries-blood-daily-due-mystery-ailment-photos.html

Ten habits that secretly damage your brain


Ten habits that secretly damage your brain
    Ten habits that secretly damage your brain
There are lots of bad habits that we exhibit that secretly damages our brain and they include

Compiled by Afolabi Adebayo
1.No breakfast
This meal is really important the most important in the whole day, but when avoided all the time the blood sugar levels get spiked and low and irregular. After a night of sleep and no eating, you need food. Otherwise the brain gets no nutrients and is easily damaged

  1. Lack of good thoughts and stimulations
    To think also engages the brain in healthy work. It opens up new pathways and activates every segment of the brain. You have to work the brain all the time, otherwise it shrinks up or gets damaged due to inactivity. Why not working on the skills you might be great at? Learn, talk, think!

  2. Rarely talking
    Talking makes the brain work and activates it. Engage in intellectual talks as much as you can and boost the health of the brain.

  3. Working when ill
    We all are in a rush, speeding, having too much things to do. We all work when we are sick, one thing or another. But, this means the body is begging for rest! Give the body some rest!

  4. Polluted air
    You can’t wear a mask all the time of course, and there is not much you can do with this. The brain needs a lot of oxygen and this polluted air deprives us of it.

  5. Covered head during sleep
    It sounds weird but we need as much oxygen as we can get during the night, this limits you to breathe in the whole oxygen. Also, you get more carbon dioxide this way!

  6. Smoking
    The worst of all habits here. It has many side effects but for the brain, it causes shrinkage and dementia related issues like Alzheimer’s.

  7. Overeating
    This makes you gain weight, be obese, damages the stems in the brain and reduces the mental focus.

  8. Too much Sugar
    Sadly, there is sugar in everything we eat or drink. You will benefit a lot if you reduce it. For starters you can absorb more nutrients in the absence of sugar and prevent brain issues.

  9. No sleep
    No sleeping for long periods of time reduces healthy brain cells. Sleep repairs the whole body from the stress and regenerates every cell.
    http://smartbrainsnig.com/2017/07/04/10-bad-habits-affect-damage-brain-organic-health-universe/

Negative effects of nail biting


Negative effects of nail biting
 Negative effect of nail biting

Hello, do you bite your nail unconsciously? Do you go out and feel embarrassed at the look of your ugly sore nails? Or are you always sad at the injury or the blood you see after biting? Nail biting, which is also called onychophagia, is that the act of putting ones fingers in the mouth and biting/chewing on nails with the teeth.
Many begin this unconscious act from childhood and sometimes it graduates into adulthood. Although many people do one thing or the other, like reading a book, sitting alone or chatting with friends when biting the bails, nail biting is harmful to the health.
Various researches have shown the handful effects of nail biting, an act which is commonly practised during idleness, loneliness, boredom, stress, or depression. While some tag this act as a “bad habit,” it is considered an impulsive control disorder – a compulsive habit where one cannot the urge and action to bite their nails.
This action should be paid close attention, especially when it gets to an high level of severity, as it affects one both physically and emotionally. The fingers which nails are bitten is much more vulnerable to viruses and bacteria than others. Imagine the diseases causing agents that can be immediately and easily transported from the fingers via the mouth into the body.
4 effects of nail biting and reasons you need to stop it
1. Dental injury;
Nail biting can cause numerous dental issues. This habit can lead to damages to your front teeth and gum tissue. Fingernail-biting habit causes dental injury which may cause a lot of serious complication, namely, gingival abscess.
2. Oral Infection;
As said earlier, the nails is a potential area for harmful microorganisms like bacteria and viruses, and when you bite – you risk unhindered transfer of diseases into your body.
3. Nail Infections;
By biting the nails, you leave room for tears in the skin around the nail. This will result to soreness, redness and swelling of the finger. This can also enable the entry of harmful germs that can cause infections.
4. Harm To Nail Beds;
Nail biting can cause harm to nail beds. Deformities like irreversible nail shortening are commonly associated with nail biting.
How to prevent Nail Biting
1. Proper self management: Nail biting may be as a result of inactivity, so you should change that by properly managing yourself.
2. Keep the nails short always to curtail the urge biting it.
3. Try to resist the urge to move carry your arms towards the face or lips.
4. Apply bitter-tasting nail polish to your nail. The bitter taste will prevent you from biting the nails.
5. Therapy which will determine the psychological cause of the habit and try to get rid of it.
It is now clear that the effects of nail biting is harmful and can leave one more depressed and embarrassed in public. Stop the bad habit today!
I hope this helps? Stay healthy fellas.
Source: http://www.rapportnaija.com/2016/06/effects-of-nail-biting-stop-bad-habit.html

7 suprising facts about antibiotics


7 suprising facts about antibiotics
7 suprising facts about antibiotics      </a
Antibiotics have had a staggering impact on human health and life expectancy. These anti-bacterial drugs have saved millions of lives and dramatically reduced suffering. But perhaps they have been too successful. Antibiotics have been used (incorrectly) to treat viruses, added to animal feed to increase yields and even put in hand soaps.
Much has been written about antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and this is a grave concern. However, people, even physicians, sometimes lose sight of the fact that antibiotics are drugs. Like any drugs, they have side effects and contraindications.
The problem with the way we often use antibiotics is that they represent too much of a good thing. If you have a serious bacterial infection, by all means, take this type of critical, lifesaving medicine. However, like any drug, it’s good to steer clear of overuse in order to optimize the drug’s effectiveness and your long-term health.
Here are the top reasons to avoid antibiotics and how to take them safely…
1. They’re creating resistant bacteria
Certain bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, and the widespread overuse of antibiotics has already led to the development of drug-resistant harmful bacteria. You may already have heard of the difficult-to-treat and dangerous methicillin-resisitant staph aureus (MRSA). When you use antibiotics for every little minor illness, the bacteria in your body build a resistance to them, increasing the likelihood of them not working when you have a serious illness and legitimately need them later on.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now openly admits that antibiotic prescriptions have led to the calamitous emergence of super bugs that are impervious to our scientific ‘medicines.’
2. They eliminate gut bacteria
We’re hearing a lot about the importance of the microbiome these days. Healthy communities of flora in our gut help regulate everything from our weight, mood and mental health to our immunity and hormones.
It’s generally recognized that antibiotics can distort the healthy probiotic bacteria that live in your digestive tract. Antibiotics cause a lot of collateral damage to the good bacteria colonies when they’re eliminating the bad ones – which doesn’t spell good things for your body.
One of the most serious findings in recent research is the detrimental effect antibiotics can cause on mitochondria in the digestive tract. Mitochondria are tiny structures that produce cellular energy and are crucial to proper growth. When antibiotics put digestive mitochondria out of business, they threaten the basic ability of the digestive tract to function. That can lead to diarrhea, ulcerative colitis and other serious disease.
3. They increase your risk of cancer
Overusing antibiotics can have deadly consequences…
And I’m not just talking about antibiotic resistance (we’ve all read the horror stories about MRSA, C-difficile and Candida).
I’m talking about one of the most life-threatening diseases around — cancer.
You see, in the past decade or two, several studies have linked antibiotic use to an increased risk of cancer.
A 2004 study found a connection between antibiotic use and a higher risk of chest cancer.
A 2008 study linked antibiotic use to an increased risk of several types of cancer, including prostate, chest and lung cancer (it also found that antibiotic use was connected to an increased risk of dying from these cancers).
And a 2015 study linked specific types of antibiotics to an increased risk of stomach, lung, prostate and chest cancer
4. They are sometimes worthless
Millions of unnecessary antibiotic are prescribed each year. If you take antibiotics when you don’t actually need them they also can destroy your health and immunity.
You probably know that antibiotics do nothing for illnesses caused by viruses. So then why do some doctors so often prescribe antibiotics for viral bronchitis? And, why do other doctors try to talk you out of getting a prescription for an antibiotic therapy?
There is good reason for both approaches. But it’s important to consider the threat of antibiotic resistance when doling out antibiotics. When doctors prescribe them unnecessarily, and patients demand them when they aren’t warranted — or don’t take them as directed — it contributes to an already serious problem.
5. They can have severe side effects
Some classes of antibiotics like fluoroquinolones have severe side effects. The common drugs in this class include Avelox, Cipro, and Levaquin.
The side effects associated with these drugs can cause permanent damage. They are so severe that they contain an FDA black box warning on their packaging and patient inserts that state that these drugs can cause tendon damage and permanent peripheral neuropathy. That is nerve damage that causes tingling, numbness, pain, weakness and change in sensation.
These drugs may exacerbate muscle weakness in people with myasthenia gravis. They can also cause tendon rupture and joint swelling, skin reactions, loss of memory and even psychosis. Additional side effects can include kidney damage, vision problems, retinal detachment, hearing problems and heart damage.
These side effects are certainly not what the doctor prescribed and are on top of the gastrointestinal effects associated with these and other antibiotics.
6. There are other options
Sometimes during a cold or flu — or any time your immune system is stressed — an opportunistic bacterium gains a foothold. So it’s a good idea to stock up on natural antibacterial ingredients just in case. These natural agents can support overall immune health in addition to fighting bad bacteria — very different from antibiotic drugs which weaken your system by destroying healthy bacteria as well.
Since it can sometimes be hard to tell the difference between a viral infection and a bacterial infection, it’s important to consult your health practitioner if symptoms persist.
Herbs and foods with natural antibiotic and immune boosting properties include cinnamon, clove, echinacea, garlic, honey, sage, usnea, yarrow and oregano.
7. If you have to take them…
If you have a serious bacterial infection, antibiotics may be necessary to help your body recover. But if you take those drugs, there’s a natural supplement you should also take to avoid uncomfortable side effects.
Taking antibiotics can cause diarrhea when the drugs kill off the friendly bacteria in your digestive tract. A growing body of research, however, has firmly established that you may be able to restore the good bugs by taking probiotic supplements or eating fermented foods (like sauerkraut) in between your doses of antibiotics. They’re particularly helpful for alleviating diarrhea caused by antibiotics.
Experts advise taking probiotics supplements a few hours after taking antibiotics so that the medicine doesn’t kill the helpful organisms in the supplements.
source: Easyhealthoptions
https://www.informationng.com/2017/06/7-things-need-know-taking-antibiotics.html

Tips for dealing with anxiety


Tips for dealing with anxiety
   tips for dealing with anxiety

You can read all the anti-anxiety advice in the world, but none of this matters unless you take action. To feel more relaxed, to sleep soundly at night, and to put energy into what matters, you have to stop wasting time on tasks that don’t matter.
By the end of this article, your life could become infinitely more productive and Zen-like. Your part is to commit to 15-60 minutes per day and tackle a few of the following 22 anxiety busters below.
The more you commit, the better you’ll feel.
You’re probably familiar with some of these anxiety strategies. But if you experience racing thoughts, tightening in your chest, and shortness of breath, you haven’t done all of them.
Anxiety Buster #1: Start Deep-Breathing
If you’re not focused on how to calm your body through slow, intentional belly-breathing, you’re missing out. Belly-breathing is free, location independent, and easy to implement.
1. Sit with your eyes closed and turn your attention to your breathing. Breathe naturally, preferably through the nostrils, without attempting to control your breath.
2. Be aware of the sensation of the breath as it enters and leaves the nostrils. Place one hand on your belly, and the other on your chest. Take a deep breath for a count of four. Hold your breath for a count of three. Exhale for a count of four. The hand on your belly should go in as you inhale, and move out as you exhale.
3. Concentrate on your breath and forget everything else. Your mind will be very busy, and you may even feel that the meditation is making your mind busier, but the reality is you’re just becoming more aware of how busy your mind is.
4. Resist the temptation to follow the different thoughts as they arise, and focus on the sensation of the breath. If you discover that your mind has wandered and is following your thoughts, immediately return it to the breath.
5. Repeat this as many times as necessary until your mind settles on the breath.
Don’t wait to begin belly-breathing. The sooner you make this a daily habit, the quicker you’ll feel relaxed.
When you implement belly-breathing, you start the day in a here-and-now state. Better yet, you’re not wasting time worrying about the future, or reliving the past.
Anxiety Buster #2: Meditate instead of Medicate
Calm is an inside job. Give yourself the gift of serenity and start the day with ten minutes of solitude and positive energy. Think calm, measured and open-minded, and your daily activities will correspond.
Anxiety Buster #3: Practice Self-Care
Get a massage, a mani-pedi, or a haircut. Nothing says polished and well-maintained like a sexy, healthy glow.
If money is tight, look for a discount salon or a training school which offers quality services for people on a budget. So they don’t serve peppermint tea on a silver tray — close your eyes and imagine that five-star service while you take in the pampering you deserve.
Anxiety Buster #4: Eliminate Soda
That morning jolt of joe can jumpstart your day and provide warmth and comfort, but anything with high fructose corn syrup and 177 other ingredients will not.
If you’re accustomed to that 3:00 p.m. Dr. Pepper, switch it out for a soothing green tea. Not only does the caffeine jack up your central nervous system, soda depletes vitamins and minerals from your diet and wreaks havoc on your smile. Teeth become susceptible to cavities when the acid level of your saliva falls below a certain point.
If you drink soda all day, the outer layers of your teeth begin to lose minerals and cavities form. Many dental plans do not cover root canals + you’ll end with a huge bill. Speaking of which:
Anxiety Buster #5: Trim the Fat from Your Budget
Financial stress is a common reason people contact me for psychotherapy. Debt will keep you up at night and contribute to feelings of low
self-worth and hopelessness.
Take charge of your finances and stop spending on non-essentials.
Track your daily expenses for a week or two and decide where you can cut back. Notice the items you accumulate mindlessly.
Possible eliminators:
Switch out your cable TV for Netflix
Contact your car insurance carrier, your mobile device company, or your credit card company and ask if they’ll reduce your bill
Cancel your newspaper delivery during the week and opt for the Sunday paper, or an online service, instead
Anxiety Buster #6: Get Rid of the Clutter
Do you ever wonder how much time is lost when you can’t find your car keys, or that package of Epson 400 color ink?
Chances are you’ve got too much stuff clogging up your living space.
Try this quick organization hack:
1. Choose a drawer, cabinet or closet
2. Categorize the stuff you don’t use
3. Make three piles for a) Items to throw away, b) Items to donate, and c) Items to sell
Hold a yard sale and use the money to…
Anxiety Buster #7: Plan a Day Trip
When you spend time in nature, you give your mind and body a much needed break from the hustle and bustle which causes you to Google things like “How to get rid of anxiety” in the first place.
Chances are no matter where you live, there’s a serene, interesting and charming place within a couple hours.
Anxiety Buster #8: Go to Bed Early
This may sound impossible if you’re accustomed to staying up late to catch up on the To-Do list. But this one’s a MUST.
Sleep deprivation is a huge anxiety culprit. Inadequate shuteye can amplify the brain’s anticipatory reactions, upping overall anxiety levels, according to research.
“We all have anticipatory anxiety,” explains researcher Fugen Neziroglu. “Having moderate levels of anxiety about doing well is important. But it can be destructive when it begins to interfere with your life.” It’s impossible to have healthy emotional functioning without adequate sleep.
Don’t burn the midnight oil in hopes of catching up on the weekends. Unused sleep minutes don’t roll over.
Anxiety Buster #9 Wake up 15 Minutes Early
Like most anxious people, you’re probably rushing around in the morning and yelling at everyone in your wake, “Hurry up! We’re going to be late!”
Go slowly, and set yourself up for a relaxed day ahead. If you start to worry about the To-Do list, take a deep breath and think, There is enough time.
Anxiety Buster #10: Get Your Lavender On!
Lavender oil has many healing properties and can be used as a natural remedy to reduce anxiety and other nervous conditions. There are many ways to incorporate lavender into your calm tool kit:
1. Add essential lavender oil to your bath water for a calming bath. Use water infused with lavender leaves to soothe painful joints and muscles.
2. Fall asleep quicker when you add a few drops to a tissue and place under your pillow.
3. Use lavender in an oil diffuser to help with
insomnia. The sweet woody smell of the lavender oil helps you to fall asleep and stay asleep.
4. For headaches, apply lavender oil to a cotton ball or your fingertips and massage slowly into your temples. The smell will relax you as the oil eases your headache.
5. Lavender is used in aromatherapy massage as a muscle relaxant. Massage the oil into the skin and unknot the muscles of the back and reduce spasms.
6. Lavender can be used as an expectorant. It breaks up the mucous from nasal and chest congestion that accompanies a cold.
7. Inhale lavender oil to help with pain
management, especially after a workout, a therapy session, or surgery.
Anxiety Buster #11: Reduce Caffeine, Sugar and Processed Foods From Your Diet
Caffeine can cause heart palpitations if you ingest too much. Caffeine also can trigger panic or anxiety attacks, especially if you have an anxiety disorder. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can also cause palpitations.
Sugar acts as an adrenal stimulant and can cause anxiety or even panic attacks. Other offensive foods include those containing refined flour products, and even wheat since this causes inflammation.
Besides caffeine, and sugar, food allergies are a big contributing factor in your overactive central nervous system. Do this step along with #12…
Anxiety Buster #12: Go Green!
Diet affects anxiety. A morning glass of green juice can get you on the right side of calm.
For a different and delicious way to get your daily vegetables try this recipe: Combine one banana or green apple, a bunch of kale, sliced ginger, one lime, cucumber slices, a few ice cubes, and a cup of water to a blender or juicer. For added protein, add an egg, yogurt, nuts, or protein powder.
Anxiety Buster #13: Know that Feelings Are Not Facts
One of the hardest jobs of a psychotherapist is to convince your anxious client that the feelings of low self-worth, guilt and shame are not accurate. Negative thoughts cause negative feelings. This one’s tricky because many of our negative thoughts are automatic, deeply internalized, and rooted in the unconscious.
Do this in tandem with #14…
Anxiety Buster #14: Challenge Negative Core Beliefs
Remember that thoughts precede feelings. Negative thoughts lead to negative emotions, which lead to negative behaviors. For example:
Jocelyn wakes up and immediately thinks,
I’m gonna blow the PowerPoint presentation today. I just want to stay in bed all day
She feels unmotivated, nervous and sluggish
She yells at her kids when they don’t dress fast enough
How to challenge your negative mood:
1. Record your thoughts periodically. Pay attention to when you feel stressed out.
2. Write the feelings that accompany the thoughts. Think one-word responses like frustrated, angry, worthless and defeated, etc.
3. Challenge reality. This is hard because we tend to lack objectivity about the truth. Is there proof you don’t deserve that job promotion? Were you written up because of shoddy work performance?
If you commit to recording your daily thoughts and feelings, along with reality testing, you’ll see that many of your negative feelings are created in your mind, and not based in reality.
The good news is you created the negative thought, and you can uncreate it.
Anxiety Buster #15: Practice Gratitude
As bad as your situation is, there’s always someone in a worse predicament.
Read a chapter of Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl, or check out the headline of the daily newspaper. Be thankful your life is not the feature story.
Make a mental note of the positive things in your life. Remember everything in life is temporary — the good, the bad, and the ugly.
Anxiety Buster #16: Get Some Accountability
If you’re BFF with Nervous Nellie or Anxious Allen, put your keyed-up energy to good use. Vow to work on healthier ways to cope when feeling stressed.
How to get your accountability on:
Share this resource with a friend
Pick a few strategies that resonate with both of you
Make a plan to call each other out when you stray
Give praise when you make positive changes
Start a Facebook group and post regular tips to decrease stress and anxiety
Anxiety Buster #17: Attend a Social Gathering (Even If You Don’t Want To)
If you’re prone to social anxiety, it’s important to make time for socialization. It’s cool to be an
introvert, but know that we live in a universe that revolves around connecting with others.
Anxiety Buster #18: Schedule a Physical Exam to Rule Out a Medical Condition for Your Anxiety
If your anxiety has spiked recently, or if you were previously able to cope with life, and now not so much, your doctor can determine if there’s a medical condition responsible for your anxiety. Ask for a blood panel, and be honest about your symptoms.
Anxiety Buster #19: Schedule a Visit with a Therapist
Nobody deserves to feel bad. A qualified mental
health professional is your best bet if your anxiety is unbearable.
Ask a trusted friend or colleague for a referral, or use the Psychology Today directory for a therapist in your area.
Anxiety Buster #20: Exercise, Exercise, Exercise!
Exercise is nature’s anti-anxiety remedy. Besides clearing the mind, firing up the endorphins, and helping you sleep soundly at night, researchers have found that individuals who exercise vigorously and regularly were 25 percent less likely to develop an anxiety disorder within five years.
Anxiety Buster #21: Accept Your Anxiety
Whether you inherited the “anxiety gene” from your parents, or your lifestyle, or both, accept your anxiety rather than fight it.
It’s not about rolling over and giving up. Understand you have to work hard every day to bring calm to your environment.
Remember there’s always options in life, and worse fates exist than being anxiety-sensitive. After all, when push comes to shove, at the end of the (stressed out) day, anxious people get the job done!
Anxiety Buster #22: Check Out These Free Online Resources
I’ve created a few relaxation audios for you. All resources are free, downloadable and portable.
Click this link.
The key to making the actions above work is consistency. You’re the expert on your life. Choose the ones that work best for you, and give ’em a shot.
See you on the calm side!
Written by Linda Esposito, LCSW, is a psychotherapist helping adults and teens overcome stress and anxiety.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/anxiety-zen/201405/22-quick-tips-change-your-anxiety-forever

Exercises for building mental strenght


Exercises for building mental strenght
  Exercises for   building mental strenght
Whether you’re tempted to give in to that craving for a cupcake, or you’re about to give up on your goals, perseverance isn’t easy. But before you blame your lack of God-given willpower and before you make an excuse for your less than stellar performance, consider this; it only takes a few minutes a day to build the mental muscle you need to reach your greatest potential.
Building mental strength is similar to building physical strength. Doing 50 push ups a day would only take a few minutes of your time, but doing it consistently would help you build a tremendous amount of upper body strength.
The same can be said with your mental muscle. In just a few minutes each day, you can train your brain to think differently, manage your emotions, and behave productively. With consistent exercise, you’ll build mental strength.
While there are many exercises that can help you grow stronger, here are three exercises that will help you build mental muscle in five minutes or less:
1. Identify three things you’re grateful for.
Counting your blessings—as opposed to your burdens—has a big impact on your psychological health. Studies consistently show
gratitude increases happiness and reduces
depression.
Make gratitude a daily habit by intentionally identifying three things you are grateful for in your life. It could be as simple as feeling thankful for the clean water that comes out of your faucet or appreciating the cool breeze on a warm day.
Studies show you can physically change your brain by making gratitude a habit. Write in a gratitude journal, list the things you feel grateful for over dinner, or make it a habit to identify what you’re thankful for before you go to bed. Over time, being thankful becomes like second
nature and you’ll experience benefits ranging from improved sleep to better immunity.
2. Practice mindfulness.
It’s impossible to stay strong when you’re rehashing something that happened last week or when you’re predicting horrible things are going to happen tomorrow. Mindfulness is about staying present in the moment. And since the only time you can change your behavior is right now, it’s important to be able to focus on the here-and-now.
Science shows mindfulness has a multitude of physical and psychological benefits. Among those benefits are reduced stress and a more compassionate inner dialogue.
So take a minute to just focus on what’s going on around you. Listen to see what sounds you can hear. Look around the room and see what you notice. Do a quick scan of your body and pay attention to how it feels.
With regular practice, you’ll increase your ability to focus—which is tough to do in today’s fast-paced world. And you’ll also be able to enjoy each moment because you’ll be less distracted by yesterday’s problems and tomorrow’s worries.
3. Act “as if.”
It can be tempting to wait until you feel different to make a change. But waiting until you feel good about yourself before applying for a promotion or waiting until you feel happy to invite your friends out for a night on the town could backfire.
Instead, studies show you should behave like the person you want to become. When you change your behavior, your thoughts and your emotions will follow.
When you’re sad you might hunch your shoulders and look at the floor. Doing so keeps you in a depressive state. Put your shoulders back and smile, however, and you’ll feel an instant boost in your mood.
And don’t expect feelings of confidence to come out of nowhere. Instead, ask yourself, how can I act confident? Acting like a confident person, even when you’re filled with self-doubt, helps you feel surer of yourself. And research shows acting confident even increases other people’s confidence in you.
Try asking yourself what would a mentally strong person do? Then, act as if you feel strong already. And you’ll grow a little stronger.
Do Your Mental Push Ups
Every day is an opportunity to develop some mental muscle. Simple, short exercises performed consistently over time will help you build mental strength.
Additionally, pay attention to the bad habits that rob you of mental strength. Feeling sorry for yourself, giving up after your first failure, and giving away your power are just a few of the bad habits that could wreak havoc on your mental weight lifting routine. Giving up those unhealthy habits will help you work smarter, not harder.
Written by Amy Morin
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/what-mentally-strong-people-dont-do/201705/3-exercises-build-mental-strength-in-just-5-minutes

Is the taking of selfies a new cause of epileptic seizures ?


s the taking of selfies a new cause of epileptic seizures? Read on
   is the taking of selfies responsible for epilepsis and epileptic seizures
We already know how dangerous selfie taking can be in extreme circumstances, as there have been multiple selfie-related deaths in the last few years.
And now, there’s an additional worry – that selfies could trigger seizures in teenagers with epilepsy.
A new study, published in medical journal
Seizure, found a ‘novel case of photosensitivity’ occurred when taking selfies.
Photosensitivity occurs in a small number of those with epilepsy, and can cause them to have seizures when exposed to flashing, flickering, or shimmering lights.
Seizures can also be triggered by particular screen resolutions on TVs or computers.
The discovery occurred during a three-day EEG trial involving a teenage girl.
Researchers noticed that “bursts of activity” on the brain monitor occurred when the girl took selfies – activity that is normally associated with an epileptic seizure.
Researchers have narrowed the phenomenon down to two potential causes – the flashing light of a phone camera, or the pulsing LED light designed to get rid of red eye.
“There’s a lot of data already about selfies being potentially dangerous in some circumstances because people don’t think,” said Dr. Paula Brna, lead author of the study.
The study only involved one patient, though; and more work will have to be conducted in order to see if it has wider relevance.
Commenting on the study, one reader wrote: “One participant for the study? Yeah, that is real evidence.
“She should take a look at Instagram to see her findings would not be significant if she runs a large sample.
“In fact, if her findings were significant, Instagram would die out.”
http://punchng.com/taking-selfies-could-cause-epileptic-fits-study/

list of sex problems you shouldnt worry about


This article was written to show you a list of sexual problems that you should not worry about.
Written by vanguard
  Sex problems you shouldnt worry about

Here, sex therapists list some of the commonest worries people have about their sex lives that aren’t worthy of your worrying.
• He loses his erection: If a spouse loses his erection, many women feel it’s because they’re not attractive enough or that they’re doing something wrong in bed. But that’s not the case.
Clinical sexologist, Dr. Dawn Michael, says the issue may have to do with performance anxiety. In other words, the man is afraid he might not please you in bed and goes limp because of the fear.
So, encourage him to focus his energy on pleasing you, and it will relieve the pressure on him.
• Inability to reach orgasm: There are plenty of things that can temporarily prevent an orgasm — stress, an argument, or hormonal fluctuations.
The way round it is to engage in longer foreplay to give yourselves longer time to unwind.
• Your sex drives are out of sync: There may be a problem if either of you prefers to have sex in the daytime while the other prefers night time.
There may also be problem if one of you wants to do it all the time and the other doesn’t.
Staff sexologist, Dr. Carol Queen, counsels that the best thing you can do is to respect the fact that your engines are different and plan accordingly.
• You’re not as turned on by your partner as you used to be: It’s super common for that crazy-in-love early relationship energy to wear off the longer you’re with someone.
The only time this is a red flag is if it makes it hard for you to be sexual with your partner. But if things are still hot, just not boiling hot, you’re in good shape, experts say.
There are plenty of ways you can heat things up again, including learning new moves and playing into each other’s fantasies.
• Your sexual preferences are totally different. He loves a blowjob more than anything, but you hate it — it happens.
But the only time this becomes a problem is if you don’t communicate about your differences, or worse, perpetually put off your own needs for the sake of his.
There can often be resolve, so long as you discuss your sexual preferences regularly, says board-certified clinical sexologist, Dr. Debra Laino.
“As a matter of fact, couples can be playful about their differences, such as asking for their preferences on special days.” It’s all about give and take.
http://punchng.com/five-sex-problems-you-shouldnt-worry-about/

dementia & memory loss: causes ,effect and treatment


We all experience memory loss at one point or the other in our life. This article was written to show the major causes of memory loss which is also reffered to as dementia in extreme medical cases.
 dementia & memory loss: causes ,effect and treatment
Many people become forgetful as they become older. This is common and is often not due to dementia. There are also other disorders such as depression and an underactive thyroid that can cause memory problems. Dementia is the most serious form of memory problem. It causes a loss of mental ability, and other symptoms. Dementia can be caused by various disorders which affect parts of the brain involved with thought processes. Most cases are caused by Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, or dementia with Lewy bodies. Symptoms of dementia develop gradually and typically become worse over a number of years. The most important part of treatment for dementia is good-quality support and care for the person with dementia and for their carers. In some cases, treatment with medicines may be helpful.
What is memory loss and what are the causes?
Everybody forgets things from time to time. In general, the things that you tend to forget most easily are the things that you feel do not matter as much. The things that you tend to remember most easily are the things that are important to you – for example, a special birthday. However, some people just seem to have a better memory than others, and some people are more forgetful than others.
There are certain situations that can affect your memory and make you become more forgetful than you normally are. They can include the following.

1.Poor concentration
If your concentration is poor then you do not notice things as much, and do not retain things as much as you would normally. Poor concentration can be a result of simply being bored or tired. However, it can also be a symptom of depression and anxiety.

2.Depression
As well as poor concentration, some people with depression also have slowed thinking. This can cause memory problems until the depression clears. Do tell a doctor if you think that you are depressed, as treatment often works well. Other symptoms of depression include:
A low mood for most of the time
Loss of enjoyment and interest in life
Abnormal sadness
Weepiness
Feelings of guilt or of being useless
Poor motivation
Sleeping problems
Tiredness
Difficulty with affection
Poor appetite
Being irritable or restless

3.Physical illness
If you feel ill, this can affect concentration and memory. Certain illnesses can directly affect the way your brain works. For example, an underactive thyroid can slow down your body’s functions, including your brain, and can make you more forgetful. Infections such as a chest infection or a urine infection can also cause sudden confusion and memory problems, particularly in older people.

4.Medicines
Certain medicines can cause confusion and memory problems in some people. For example, some sedative medicines, some painkilling medicines, some medicines that are used to treat Parkinson’s disease, or steroid medicines. Also, if you are taking lots of different medicines, this can increase the risk of them interacting with each other, causing problems, including confusion and memory problems.

5.Age:
As everyone gets older, it often becomes harder to remember things. This is called age-associated memory impairment. Many people over the age of 60 have this common problem, and it is not dementia. For example, it tends to be harder to learn new skills the older you become, or you may more easily forget the names of people you have recently met. It is thought that the more you use your brain when you are older, the more it may counter the development of this age-related decline in memory function. So, doing things such as reading regularly, quizzes, crosswords, memorising plays or poetry, learning new skills, etc, may help to keep your memory in good shape.
 dementia & memory loss: causes ,effect and treatment
Dementia
Dementia is the most serious form of memory problem. The rest of this leaflet is just about dementia.
What is dementia?
Dementia is a condition of the brain which causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgement, thinking and language. In addition, other problems commonly develop, such as changes in personality and changes in the way a person interacts with others in social situations. As dementia progresses, a person’s ability to look after them self from day to day may also become affected. There are various causes of dementia.

What are the different causes of dementia?

Dementia can be caused by various diseases or disorders which affect the parts of the brain involved with thought processes. However, most cases are caused by Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). All these types of dementia cause similar symptoms but some features may point to a particular cause. However, it may not be possible to say what is causing the dementia in every case.

Alzheimer’s disease
This is the most common type of dementia, causing about half of all cases. It is named after the doctor who first described it. In Alzheimer’s disease the brain shrinks (atrophies) and the numbers of nerve fibres in the brain gradually reduce. The amount of some brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) is also reduced – in particular, one called acetylcholine. These chemicals help to send messages between brain cells. Tiny deposits called plaques also form throughout the brain. It is not known why these changes in the brain occur, or exactly how they cause dementia. Alzheimer’s disease gradually progresses (worsens) over time as the brain becomes more and more affected.

Blood vessel dementia (vascular dementia)
This causes about a quarter of all cases of dementia. It is due to problems with the small blood vessels in your brain. The most common type is called multi-infarct dementia. In effect, this is like having many tiny strokes, that otherwise go unrecognised, throughout the thinking part of the brain. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel blocks and stops the blood getting past. So, the section of brain supplied by that blood vessel is damaged or dies (an infarct occurs). After each infarct, some more brain tissue is damaged. So, a person’s mental ability gradually declines. Vascular dementia can also sometimes happen after a more major stroke.
The risk of developing vascular dementia is increased by the same things that increase the risk of stroke. For example: high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol level, lack of exercise, etc. However, it is now thought that some of these vascular risk factors may also be involved in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia as well.

Lewy body dementia/dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)
This causes about 15 in every 100 cases of dementia. Lewy bodies are tiny abnormal protein deposits that develop in nerve cells in the brain of people with this condition. It is not clear why the Lewy bodies develop but they interfere with the normal working of the brain.
If Lewy bodies develop in a part of the brain called the brain stem, as well as symptoms of dementia, someone may also develop symptoms similar to Parkinson’s disease. For example, stiffness, slowness of movement and a shuffling walk with difficulty in starting, stopping, and in turning easily.
Mixed dementia
Some people can have a degree of two different types of dementia at the same time. For example, both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, or both Alzheimer’s disease and DLB. This is known as mixed dementia. However, in most cases of mixed dementia, there is usually one of the causes for dementia that is thought to be the main (predominant) cause. In this situation, treatment is aimed at the predominant cause of dementia.
Other causes of dementia
There are over 60 diseases which can cause dementia. Many are rare and, in many, the dementia is just part of other problems and symptoms. In most cases the dementia cannot be prevented or reversed. However, in some disorders the dementia can be prevented, or stopped from getting worse if treated. For example, some cases of dementia are caused by alcohol abuse, infections such as syphilis, or some vitamin deficiencies, all of which can be treated.

Who gets dementia?

Dementia is a common problem. According to figures provided by the Alzheimer’s society, there are currently 800,000 people with dementia in the UK. There are estimated to be over a million by 2021. The older you are the higher chance there is of getting dementia. Between the age of 65 and 74, 1-2 people in 100 will have dementia. By the age of 95, a quarter of people will have it. However, dementia is not a normal part of ageing. It is different to the age-associated memory impairment that is common in older people. Rarely, dementia affects younger people. Dementia is said to be early-onset (or young-onset) if it comes on before the age of 65. There are some groups of people who are known to have a higher risk of developing dementia. These include people with:

Down’s syndrome or other learning disabilities. People with Down’s syndrome are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease.
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease ( angina, heart attack, stroke and peripheral arterial disease). The risk factors for cardiovascular disease (high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol level, lack of exercise, etc) are risk factors for all types of dementia, not just blood vessel dementia (vascular dementia).

A family history of dementia. There is a small extra risk of getting dementia if you have a mother, father or sibling with dementia. Dementia also seems to run in some families so there may be some genetic factors that can make someone more likely to develop dementia. We do know that a few of the more rare causes of dementia can be inherited (can be passed on through genes in your family).

Severe psychiatric problems such as
schizophrenia or severe depression. It is not clear why this is the case.
A past history of a head injury.

Lower intelligence. Some studies have shown that people with a lower IQ and also people who do not have very high educational achievement are more likely to develop dementia.
A limited social support network.

Low physical activity levels. A lack of physical activity can increase your risk of dementia.
  dementia & memory loss: causes ,effect and treatment

What are the main dementia symptoms?
The symptoms of all types of dementia are similar. They can be divided into three main areas:

Loss of mental ability
Memory problems are usually the most obvious symptom in people with dementia.

Forgetfulness is common. As a rule, the most recent events are the first forgotten. For example, a person with early stages of dementia might go to the shops and then cannot remember what they wanted. It is also common to misplace objects. However, events of the past are often remembered well until the dementia is severe. Many people with dementia can talk about their childhood and early life. As dementia progresses, sometimes memory loss for recent events is severe and the person may appear to be living in the past. They may think of themself as young and not recognise their true age.
Someone with dementia may not know common facts when questioned (such as the name of the Prime Minister). They may have difficulty remembering names or finding words. They may appear to be asking questions all the time.

Language problems can also develop. For example, someone with dementia may have difficulty understanding what is said to them or understanding written information. Problems with attention and concentration can also occur. It is common for someone with dementia not to be able to settle to anything and this can make them appear restless.
New surroundings and new people may confuse a person with dementia: they can become easily disorientated. However, in familiar places, and with old routines, they may function well. This is why some people with mild dementia cope well in their own homes. Losing track of time is also a common problem in someone with dementia. For example, not knowing if it is morning or afternoon, or what day it is. A person with dementia may get lost easily.
Even clever people who develop dementia find it difficult to grasp new ideas or learn new skills. For example, how to use a new household gadget. The ability to think, calculate and problem-solve can be affected as intellect begins to fail. Difficulties with planning and decision making can develop.
Changes in mood, behaviour and personality
At first, someone with dementia may appear to be easily irritated or moody. It is often family or friends who notice this. Some people with early dementia recognise that they are failing and become depressed. However, many people with dementia are not aware that they have it. They may remain cheerful. The distress is often felt more by relatives who may find it difficult to cope.
More challenging behaviour may develop in some people over time. Some people with dementia can also become agitated or even aggressive and this may be directed towards their carers. They may become suspicious or fearful of others. In some people, delusions (abnormal beliefs) and hallucinations (a false perception of something that is not really there) can occur. Visual hallucinations can be a common problem in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).
Mood, behaviour and personality changes may mean that someone with dementia is not able to interact with others in a social situation and they can become quite withdrawn. Sleep is often affected and pacing and restless wandering can become a problem for some.
Problems carrying out day-to-day activities
Difficulty with self-care usually develops over time. For example, without help, some people with dementia may not pay much attention to personal hygiene. They may forget to wash or change their clothes. Remembering to take medication can become an issue. The person may also have difficulty keeping up their home. Shopping, cooking and eating may become difficult. This can lead to weight loss. Driving may be dangerous and not possible for someone with dementia.
😃some people. In the beginning, symptoms are often put down to other causes. There may also be a degree of protection by friends, carers and relatives who help the person to look after themself and, by doing so, cover up the person’s inability.
Saying that, commonly, it is not the person with the symptoms but rather their relatives, carers or friends who have concerns that the person may have dementia. They may be concerned about the person’s memory or behaviour. However, people with a high intellect or a demanding job, may notice themselves that their mental ability is starting to fail.

Visit your doctor
The first step if you are concerned that you may be developing dementia is to see your doctor. Or, if you are worried that someone close to you may have dementia, you should encourage them to see their doctor. They may agree for you to see their doctor with them.
Your doctor may suggest some special tests to look at your memory and mental ability, to see whether dementia is likely or not. This does not take long and is usually a series of questions or other exercises that your doctor asks you to complete.
Your doctor may also suggest some routine tests to make sure that there are no other obvious causes for your symptoms. For example, blood tests to look for infection, vitamin deficiencies, an underactive thyroid gland, etc. If infection is suspected, they may suggest a urine test, a chest X-ray or other investigations. They may also ask questions to make sure that your symptoms are not due to, for example, depression, any medicines that you may be taking, or excess alcohol intake.
        dementia & memory loss: causes ,effect and treatment
There is no cure for dementia and no medicine that will reverse dementia. However, there are some medicines that may be used to help in some causes of dementia. Medication is generally used for two different reasons. Firstly, as treatment to help with symptoms that affect thinking and memory (cognitive symptoms). Secondly, as treatment to help with symptoms that affect mood and how someone behaves (non-cognitive symptoms).
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
These include donepezil , rivastigmine and
galantamine. They work by increasing the level of acetylcholine. This is a chemical in the brain that is low in people with Alzheimer’s disease. These medicines are not a cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, they may help to treat some of the symptoms affecting thinking and memory in about half of people with Alzheimer’s disease.

Memantine
Memantine is also licensed for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease in some people. It works by reducing the amount of a brain chemical called glutamate. It is thought that this may help to slow down the damage to brain cells affected by Alzheimer’s disease. Like the medicines above, this is not a cure. Some research studies have shown that it seems to slow down the progression of the symptoms in some cases.
Other medication
An antidepressant may be advised if depression is suspected. Depression is common in people with dementia and may be overlooked.
Aspirin and other medicines to treat the risk factors for stroke and heart disease may be appropriate for some people – especially those with vascular dementia.
Sleeping tablets are sometimes needed if difficulty sleeping is a persistent problem.
A tranquilliser or an antipsychotic medicine is sometimes prescribed as a last resort for people with dementia who become easily agitated.

Support and care is the most important part of treatment
When someone is diagnosed with dementia, a full assessment may be suggested to look at their practical skills, their ability to look after themself, their safety in their home, etc. This usually involves assessment by a number of different healthcare professionals (see below). An individual care plan may be drawn up that outlines the person’s specific needs. The aim is to maintain the independence of someone with dementia as much as possible and for as long as possible.
Most people with dementia are cared for in the community. Often, the main carer is a family member. It is important that carers get the full support and advice which is locally available. Support and advice may be needed from one or more of the following healthcare and allied professionals, depending on the severity of the dementia and the individual circumstances:
District nurses can advise on day-to-day nursing care.
Occupational therapists can advise on changes to the physical environment, which may help a person with dementia. For example, handrails and grab bars, labelling of objects, removing items that are not needed in the home.
Physiotherapists can help. For example, with exercises to help maintain mobility.
Community psychiatric nurses can advise on caring for people with mental illness. Sometimes a specialist assessment by a psychiatrist may be needed.
Social Services can advise on local facilities such as daycare centres, benefits, help with care in the home, sitting services, respite care, etc.
People who can advise on financial and legal matters, such as lasting power of attorney.
Voluntary organisations can be a good source of advice. If you care for a person with dementia, it is well worth getting information about the help that is available in your local area. In most areas of the UK there are organisations that provide support and advice for carers of people with dementia. Your local library or citizens advice bureau will often have contact details. Some organisations are also listed at the end of this leaflet.
The level of care and support needed often changes over time.

Other possible treatments
There are some other treatments and things that may be helpful for some people with dementia, particularly in certain situations. These include the following.
Measures to help simplify the daily routine and enhance memory may help some people. For example, planning out and writing down a daily routine. This may include writing reminders to do certain things such as putting the rubbish out, locking the door at night-time, etc. Making sure that clothing, keys, glasses or other things that are used often are put in prominent places where they can be found easily may also be helpful. Labelling of commonly used objects may be another useful tool. An occupational therapist may be able to advise.
Reality orientation is thought to help in some cases. This involves giving regular information to people with dementia about times, places, or people to keep them orientated. It may range from simple things such as having a board in a prominent place, giving details of the day, date, season, etc to staff in a residential home reorientating a person with dementia at each contact.
Cognitive stimulation (stimulating the brain) may help to improve memory, language and problem-solving ability. For example, by recreational activities, problem-solving activities, and talking to the person with dementia. In addition, recreational activities may enhance quality of life and well-being.
Regular physical activity, if possible, such as walking, dancing, etc, may help to slow down the decline in mobility that is common in people with dementia. It may also help if depression is a problem.
Reminiscence therapy may help in some cases. This involves encouraging people to talk about the past so that past experiences are brought into their current thoughts. It relies on long-term memory which is often quite good in people with mild-to-moderate dementia.
Cognitive behavioural therapy is sometimes tried to help treat depression that is quite common in people with dementia.
Behavioural therapy may also be used to treat any problems related to behaviour that someone with dementia may have. This type of therapy looks for possible reasons for certain behaviours. For example, someone who wanders a lot may in fact be doing this because they are feeling quite restless. In this situation, taking part in regular physical activity may help.
Animal-assisted therapy may sometimes be suggested to help people with dementia who have challenging behaviour such as agitation or aggression. For example, allowing the person to spend time with and interact with a trained dog.
Sensory stimulation – for example, using music, lights, sounds, smells, massage and aromatherapy to stimulate the brain. This may also be helpful for some people with dementia – for example, to improve their mood or feelings of restlessness.
Driving and dementia
Vehicle drivers who have been diagnosed with dementia are legally required to inform the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). They may be able to continue driving a car or a motorcycle safely for some time. But they may be asked to have a driving test and/or their doctor may be asked to complete a medical report for the DVLA. If someone is able to continue to drive, this will usually be reviewed on a yearly basis. Someone who has been diagnosed with dementia will not be able to continue to drive a bus (or other vehicle that carries passengers) or a lorry or large goods vehicle.
Can dementia be prevented?
At present, there are no specific medicines or treatments that are definitely known to reduce your chance of developing dementia. However, some things do show some promise.
As mentioned above, having risk factors for cardiovascular disease can increase your risk of developing all types of dementia. These risk factors include:
Smoking
Raised cholesterol levels
Drinking too much alcohol
Not doing enough physical activity
Being overweight
Having diabetes or high blood pressure
Therefore, it would seem likely that doing something to modify these risk factors may reduce your risk of developing dementia.
Keeping your brain active may also help to reduce your risk of developing dementia. So, for example, consider reading books, learning a foreign language, playing a musical instrument, taking up a new hobby, etc.
Many studies are going on to look into treatments which may help to prevent dementia. These include certain blood pressure medicines, omega-3 fatty acids, brain training exercises as well as the strategies discussed above. However, there is not yet convincing evidence available for any of these.
https://patient.info/health/memory-loss-and-dementia

why you wont die if you eat mangoes with coke or garri


This article was written to disprove the rumour that says that a person will die if they eat mangoes after drinking garri.
  why you wont die if you eat mangoes with coke or garri
I remember thos days when we were still innocent little kids. Grown-ups for reasons best known to themselves loved to play mind games with our little brains. We were told all types of unbelievable stories that scared the hell out of us.most of these stories turned out to be false as we grew up in reasoning. One of the conspiracy theories was that instant death awaits any man or woman that was stupid enough to take a combination of mango and garri or coke. Ofcourse i loved mangoes, !coke,fanta And i knew that most people incorporate garri into their meals everyday especially in africa. It was a very big puzzle to me how two edible food substances would end up magically transforming into a high definition poisonous substance that was capable of killing people instantly. When the puzzle failed to fall into place ,i decided to taste the 2 combination to see if i will really die (well that was childish) but i’m still alive today😜.
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I know you must be wondering how this rumour began especially when you receive messages from friends on whatsap like>

” Recently an Indian tourist to China, ate few mango (fanas) and immediately thereafter consumed Coca Cola. Within short time he collapsed. He was taken to hospital and was declared dead. The Doctor then revealed that After mango, no aerated drinks should be consumed “as this combination turns into very potent poison, instantly capable of killing a human. This is season for mango and our family or friends should not commit this mistake. by taking such soft drinks such as Coke, Pepsi etc…should, if at all, be consumed at least after 8 hours of eating mango, as this fruit takes a lot of time to get fully digested. Please share with family, and with those whom you care for.”
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Outline:
Circulating message warns you not to consume aerated drinks such as Coca Cola after eating mangos because the two combined can form a potent poison that can cause instant death. The message relates the story of an Indian tourist who died after eating mangos and consuming Coke.
Brief Analysis:
The claims are utter nonsense. There are no credible medical or news reports that confirm the story in any way. Mangos and Coke do not and cannot combine to form a deadly poison as claimed. These are foods that are eaten together by many thousands of people around the world with no ill effect whatsoever.
Example:
Recently an Indian tourist to China, ate few mango (fanas) and immediately thereafter consumed Coca Cola. Within short time he collapsed. He was taken to hospital and was declared dead. The Doctor then revealed that After mango, no aerated drinks should be consumed “as this combination turns into very potent poison, instantly capable of killing a human.This is season for mango and our family or friends should not commit this mistake. by taking such soft drinks such as Coke, Pepsi etc…should, if at all, be consumed at least after 8 hours of eating mango, as this fruit takes a lot of time to get fully digested.Please share with family, and with those whom you care for
Detailed Analysis:
According to a would-be warning that is circulating via social media, you should never drink aerated beverages such as Coca Cola after eating mangos because the combination of the two can kill you. The message cites a case in which an Indian tourist in China died after eating mangos and then consuming Coca Cola straight after. It warns that aerated drinks and mangos combined can turn into a very potent poison that is ‘instantly capable of killing a human’.
However, the claims in the supposed warning are utter nonsense. Both mangos and coke are products that are consumed by a great many people all around the world every single day. And, they will very often be consumed together. Given the popularity of the two products, a great many people in many different locations would have died from consuming them if the poison claims were true. Yet, there are no credible news or medical reports that support the claims that people have died after drinking coke and eating mangos. And, of course, if the claims were true, official warnings about consuming the products together would be widely publicised via food and drink labels and websites, government health advisories, and news reports all around the world.
There is no scientific basis to the claim that aerated soft drink and mangos can somehow magically combine to create a deadly poison. It seems likely that the callous prankster who launch this silly hoax simply made up the story. It is quite similar to another recent hoax that falsely claims that consuming Mentos and Coke together leads to instant death from cyanide poisoning.
Sharing this hoax warning will do nothing other than spread fear and alarm. If the hoax comes your way, do not share it on your networks. And, please let the sender know that the claims in the warning are untrue.
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written by Brett M. Christensen/introductory note by God’spower excellence
http://www.hoax-slayer.net/mangos-and-coke-death-warning-hoax/

Masturbation: causes,dangers ,effect and solution


This article was written to show the causes,dangers ,effect and solution to the dangerous habit of masturbation.
   Masturbation: causes,dangers ,effect and solution
I get lots of questions on masturbation most especially from ladies -yes, ladies masturbate a lot, especially virgins. Guys also masturbate. There is no debate on that. I’m not here to argue about who masturbates most, I need to deal with a serious issue.
Sexual urge for virgins is strong. What makes it stronger is the novelty, newness, the mystery and the hear-says about sex.
Masturbation is handling/rubbing/squeezing your genitals consistently to achieve orgasm. Ladies may stroke their female-core while guys rub, massage or caress their sexual-organ. I decided to give explicit explanation because some ask me what masturbation is. Some ladies especially non-virgins use candles, banana, small bottles, sticks, dildos or whatever represents a male sexual organ and do solo sex (having sex by yourself).
From teenage upward, you will have a strong desire for sex. It’s a sure sign you are normal and capable of having and enjoying sex in marriage. In your 20s it will be stronger and intense! You may wake up feeling sexually aroused and your sexual organ will stand erect for some minutes for no single reason in the world or you become sexually aroused on seeing a curvy lady! You may start noticing shapes and curves and you have to shake your head several times to keep the image off. You may get sexually aroused on watching a romantic movie and discharge something. You check up and discover you are wet. All these are normal, you haven’t committed any sin.
So what then do you do when you get hot and Hot? Have sex? I know you know my answer and some singles will never be caught dead sleeping around, so what do they do? They masturbate! They give themselves release and personal pleasure through solo sex while claiming ‘virginity’ at the same time. Masturbation is completely wrong and not the way out. Let me explain:
1. Masturbation is not done in isolation. It is done with the IMAGE of SOMEONE in mind. It can be a lover, an EX, a celebrity, a married person, a crush, someone you like but incapable of having. You imagine having sex with them while masturbating. That is MENTAL FORNICATION
2. For ladies, while inserting all manner of objects, you may mistakenly deflower yourself and also introduce infection into your genitals and womb. It will be very difficult to convince your future partner that you never had sex with man except objects during your solo sex.
3. You kill your ability to enjoy sex in future. Millions of women don’t enjoy sex in marriage which leads to sexual frustration, adultery, lesbianism and feminism. If you are used to getting orgasm by yourself, you won’t be able to get it from your husband. If you are used to objects in your private part, you won’t have feelings for your husband’s sexual-organ. You will always think of something harder, bigger, longer, larger and completely unrealistic! Women who complain their husbands’ sexual organ is too small didn’t marry as virgins. They must have been promiscuous as singles by masturbation or having several sexual partners.
4. You will not have a good sex life as a man. You will experience pre-mature ejaculation and your wife won’t enjoy you leading to acute sexual frustration in marriage. You need self-control to fully enjoy sex and give your wife maximum sexual pleasure. A woman enjoys sex when the man can go on for at least 7 minutes before ejaculating. Because you are used to instant release from masturbation, you may not be able to go more than a minute before exploding leaving your wife completely unsatisfied and frustrated. She may close up, become frigid and stop having sex altogether which may lead to you having an affair, she having an affair or both of you having an affair. Self-control before marriage helps you enjoy sex to the maximum after wedlock. You are able to delay ejaculation, go on for a long time and have excellent orgasm while giving your wife pleasure too. That is why total virginity pays!
5. If you do not suffer premature ejaculation, you may have serious problem with delayed/ slow ejaculation. A situation where you get erection for several hours without ejaculation or orgasm. What is the benefit of sex without orgasm? Rough masturbation with your hands kills your ability to feel/enjoy sex with your wife. It is hell for a woman to be under a man who thrusts in for hours unable to ejaculate. How will the woman get pregnant? It’s the reason some women are seemingly “barren” and can’t talk to anybody out of embarrassment. Thrusting hard for so long leaves the woman sore, frustrated and hating sex altogether. You have so much to lose sexually when you masturbate. Abstaining from this degrading act helps you feel relaxed, confident, have normal sexual intercourse and enjoy the pleasures that come with sex IN MARRIAGE!
6. You start having sex in the dream with a known or unknown person (demonic entities otherwise known as spiritual spouse).
7. You feel drained, dirty, empty, useless and powerless after each act.
8. You start getting unsatisfied and begins to desire the real thing. You fantasize more about sex and start longing for the real act.
9. You get a warped view of the opposite sex. You see them as sexual objects and start having sex with anything in skirt or trousers -you become promiscuous.
10. You get damaged, hurt and broken.
11. You are at risk of hell fire!
These and more are the consequences of masturbation. They damage you and shatter you to pieces! What then should you do with your sexual urge? How do you handle the constant hunger for sex?
—-BELIEVE IN JESUS CHRIST AS YOUR OWN PERSONAL LORD AND SAVIOR
—-INVITE THE HOLY SPIRIT EVERY PASSING SECOND OF YOUR LIFE TO FILL YOUR SPIRIT, SOUL AND BODY WITH HIS OWN LIFE AND PRESENCE THEN WITH THE CONFIDENCE OF JESUS CHRIST INSIDE YOUR LIFE NOW AND THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT DRIVING EVERY DESIRE, THOUGHTS, DECISIONS, ACTIONS OF YOUR LIFE, YOU WILL DO THESE
1. DELETE all dirty pictures, pornography videos, sexually provocative e-books, pictures and hot, romantic movies/novels/magazines/clothes/objects in your phones/laptops/room-walls, in your room/bags/school-lockers with the CONFIDENT BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT PRESENCE CUURENTLY IN YOUR LIFE NOW -they are powerful sexual triggers!
2. DISCONNECT your SELF from friends who say dirty, sexually provocative and immoral things/chats/text-messages AS A MATTER OF URGENCY BECAUSE THE HOLY SPIRIT COMMANDED YOU TO DO SO! Stop all sexy banters with friends (you are sexy/hot, am I not sexy/hot?, you are slaying e.t.c) and say only things that are pure, holy, needful and helpful {Phil.4:8}
3. Get busy with your life, education and career, there is more to life than sex.
4. Transmute your sexual energy: Channel your sexual energy into something great. I had a strong sex drive in the institution. I simply channeled them into my education making me the best student in my department from the second year. I was very excited and energetic. I BURNT the ENERGY on my STUDIES. I also started my ministry and was very committed as my fellowship BIBLE STUDY CO-ORDINATOR. If you don’t BURN that ENERGY, YOU will COMMIT FORNICATION/ADULTERY/LESBIANISM/HOMOSEXUALITY/INCEST/BESTIALITY.
5. Study THE WORD A LOT especially PSALM 119. When you are FILLED with THE WORD, you have NO SPACE for the devil and his demons in YOUR heart.
6. Pray and speak in TONGUES ALWAYS. THE HOLY SPIRIT SANCTIFIES YOUR WHOLE BEING {SPIRIT, SOUL & BODY} CONSISTENTLY THROUGH HIS LANGUAGE FLOWING FROM INSIDE YOU TO YOUR OUTSIDE
7. Make friends with GODLY people.
8. DELETE pornography and romantic movies.
9. Get busy in THE SERVICE OF JESUS CHRIST KINGDOM.
10. OPEN YOUR HEART TO JESUS CHRIST COMPLETELY thus “LORD JESUS CHRIST I GIVE YOU MY WHOLE BEING AND LIFE, USE ME FOR YOUR GLORY ‘ONLY’ THROUGH YOUR HOLY SPIRIT ACTIVELY LIVING INSIDE ME NOW AND ALWAYS IN JESUS MIGHTY NAME. AMEN.” HE will surely HELP you OUT.
Masturbation is wrong, bad, demonic, destructive and sinful. Avoid it and end it with speed if you are deeply involved in it. JESUS IS THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN HELP YOU. Call on him! God bless you.
JOIN A GENUINE FELLOWSHIP, GET COMMITTED TO JESUS CHRIST THEN EVERY OTHER THING FOLLOWS!!!
Culled from nairaland: article was written by marioplus

Video : list of personal items that you should never share with friends


    video : list of personal items that you should never share with anyone even if they are your friends and they beg for it
I remember when I was still living in the hostel in my first year. Some people will like to share everything with you. Well ,that’s not really bad but some people will literally beg you for everything including personal items like tooth brush ,underwear ,towels and even sponge. The one that gets me angry is that most of the guys can afford all these stuffs but they already have the mentality of begging wired into their DNA . As long you are on earth once in a while you will be in need of something and its okay to ask for help because no one has it all but when it becomes a habit to beg for “Trivial items ” like toothpaste , bathing soap ,tooth brush ,sponge then it becomes a curse. One day during my hostel days I woke up ,prayed and started preparing for school. I heard three raps on the door and a distant friend came in. We shaked hands and he asked me if my toothpaste was remaining and I answered yes! . I gave it to him and he left. Few minutes later he came back.

“Guy you get sugar? I wan soak garri.” He asked.
Yes I replied and I gave it to him .he jokingly asked for milk and I ignored him.

He came back again
“Guy I forgot to fetch water yesterday and water no dey again can I fill my bucket from gallon of water”?
Yes I replied ,feel free .

“Thanks my G he hailed ! , fine boy! Na you be the only beta person for this school ! You be my personal person !.

I just looked at him and smiled and I continued what I was doing and he left.
Few seconds later he came back.

“Guy ,Abeg my soap don finish ,I go buy another one later but I need your own for now so that I can take my bath and prepare for lecture”. he requested
I gave it to him and he left happily . I heaved a sigh of relieved because I thought it was finally over but I was wrong!.

Kpo kpo kpo !! That was the sound of three raps on the wooden door of our hostel room. He came in with lots of soap lathers on his head.
“Guy ” he asked. “Can you imagine that one of my room mates stole my tooth brush !. I can’t carry a dirty mouth and a bad breath to school ,please borrow me your tooth brush so that I can brush my teeth .”

I looked at him , I wondered if the guy needed a few factory resetting slap or beating. So some people don’t have a limit to what they can share with others ? Even if the person was their best friend?

My main anger was that I didn’t even know the surname of the person that wanted to use my tooth brush and he didn’t know my own yet he wanted me to share such a personal with him.

No!!! I replied . I can give you all the food I have ,I can give you all the money I have if you are really in serious need or problem even if the money was my last card but I can’t share a personal items like toothbrush with you.

OK ,he replied please I need your sponge because I forgot mine when I travelled . Of course I refused to give it to him because it was a personal item that should not be shared with anyone even if the person was a friend.

He angrily left but that never stopped him from coming back to beg for other things later.
It may look like wickedness refusing to share your personal items like sponge and toothbrush but its very risky . It comes with a lot of serious health implications.
Below in this video is a list of personal items that you should never share with anyone and why.

Women please beware of your handbags,here is why


This was shared by a Facebook user inside a Facebook group. we all know that women love handbags especially the big ones but they need to be careful,continue reading to see why.

HANDBAGS, Briefcases and Gym Bags……
Have you ever noticed girls who set their handbags on public toilet floors, then go directly to their dining tables and set it on the table? Happens a lot!

It’s not always the ‘restaurant food’ that causes stomach distress. Sometimes ‘what you don’t know will hurt you!’

Read on.

Women carry handbags everywhere; from the office to public toilets to the floor of the rooms to the kitchen tables.

We, at Nelson Laboratories in Salt Lake, we set out to test the average woman’s handbag.

It turns out handbags are so surprisingly dirty, even the microbiologist who tested them was shocked.

Microbiologist Amy Karen of Nelson Labs says nearly all of the handbags tested were not only high in bacteria, but high in harmful kinds of bacteria.

Pseudomonas can cause eye infections; staphylococcus aurous can cause serious skin infections and salmonella and e-coli found on the handbags could make people very sick.

In one sampling, four of five handbags tested positive for salmonella, and that’s not the worst of it. ‘There is faecal contamination on the handbags’ says Amy. Leather or vinyl handbags tended to be cleaner than cloth handbags, and lifestyle seemed to play a role.

People with kids tended to have dirtier handbags than those without, with one exception.

The handbag of one single woman who frequented nightclubs had one of the worst contaminations of all.

‘Some type of faeces or possibly vomit,’ says Amy.

So the moral of this story is that your handbag won’t kill you, but it does have the potential to make you very sick if you keep it on places where you eat. Use hooks to hang your handbag at home and in toilets, and don’t put it on your desk, a restaurant table, or on your kitchen countertop.

Experts say you should think of your handbag the same way you would a pair of shoes.

‘If you think about putting a pair of shoes on your countertops, that’s the same thing you’re doing when you put your handbag on the countertops.’

Your handbag has gone where individuals before you have walked, sat, sneezed, coughed, spat, urinated, emptied bowels, etc!

Do you really want to bring that home with you?

The microbiologists at Nelson also said cleaning a handbag will help. Wash cloth handbags and use leather cleaner to clean the bottom of leather handbags.

THIS IS WORTH SHARING!!! PLEASE PASS THIS ON TO YOUR GRANDMOTHERS, MOMS, DAUGHTERS, GRANDDAUGHTERS AND GIRLFRIENDS!!!

man , micro organisms and health


 the effect of micro organisms on man 's health disease infection

A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is very small that it can only be seen by a microscope. It is not usually visible to the naked eye.

Microorganisms are frequently showcased with single-celled or unicellular organisms; although a few unicellular protists are visible to the naked eye, and a few multicellular species can only be seen with the aid of a microscope.

The study of microorganisms is referred to as microbiology and not unexpectedly the majority of the study is channeled to those organisms which cause human disease.

It is currently observed that microorganisms are not only responsible for causing ‘infectious diseases’ but they as well lead to many diseases like peptic ulcers, angina, and cervical cancer.

It is possible to discover in future that microorganisms may as well cause ‘non-infectious’ diseases. Nevertheless, microorganisms are as well crucial to human life.

Every square inch of our body surface is occupied by a lot of thousands of organisms which assist to safeguard the body from invasion by other possible harmful organisms.

Microorganisms are classified into bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Prions, which are considered to be infective protein particles instead of living organisms, are as well studied in microbiology. These groups are completely unconnected to one another; the only general factor among them is that they are all microscopic.

  1. Bacteria

They are single-celled organisms, normally either rod-shaped or fairly spherical in shape. They are grouped based on their reaction to Gram’s stain: those that go blue with this stain are referred to as being Gram positive, those staining red are referred to as Gram negative.

Bacterias are responsible for diseases that range from typhoid, plague, cholera, meningococcal meningitis, tuberculosis, tetanus, gonorrhoea, and syphilis, to the more ordinary urinary tract infections, boils, and acne.

They are killed with the use of antiseptics and by boiling, although they may manufacture toxins which are not destroyed.

A lot of them were initially sensitive to antibiotics like penicillins, but excess us of these drugs has lead to a lot of multi-resistant bacteria.

  1. Viruses

These are smaller than bacteria and are not visible via a light microscope. It needs the use of electron microscope. They cannot reproduce apart from inside other living cells. They are liable to heat and to a few antiseptics.

  1. Fungi

Like bacteria, microscopic fungi are ubiquitous and include yeasts or moulds. Yeasts have been utilized for centuries by peoples all over the world to ferment sugar to alcohol; the drug penicillin was created in a mould.

The most common fungal infections are vaginal thrush, which frequently occurs after a course of antibiotics has killed the normal vaginal bacteria, and nail and skin infections like ‘ringworm’.

  1. Parasites

They are organisms which live in or on the body of another known as the ‘host’. The host may provide a source of nutrients or a safe haven in which to reproduce. They vary in size from single cells, such as the malaria parasite, to tapeworms which may be up to thirty feet in length and therefore not microscopic.

Man And Microbes

As in a lot of things in life, human beings require more than what is naturally available, not only to fight natural hazards but to as well fight things we have artificially made ourselves.

Through Biotechnology, scientists all over the world are conducting researches with viruses, bacteria, and fungi for lots and lots of reasons. These microbes are the simplest of all organisms. They can as well be the most deadly of all organisms.

That is why they are being greatly studied.

In addition to constituting a lot of harms to living organisms, these microbes can as well be beneficial in a lot of ways.

Microorganisms are very important to humans and the environment, because they take part in the Earth’s element cycles like the carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle, in addition to accomplishing other crucial functions in almost all ecosystems, like in recycling other organisms’ dead remains and waste products through decomposition.

Microorganisms as well have a crucial place in the majority of higher-order multicellular organisms in the form of symbionts. The majority of people blame the failure of Biosphere 2 on an inappropriate balance of microorganisms.
man ,microorganisms and health
Uses of Micro-organism in different aspects of live have been illustrated below:

  1. Uses of Microbes To Make Medicine

Scientists are making use of microbes and the compounds they produce to manufacture new medicines to save human lives. The results of those researches are why we are being vaccinated for things like pox or the flu. Such vaccinations are effective because scientists have studied those viruses to examine the way they function. They consequently came up with a way to teach our immune system to do fight. If the individual eventually took ill he or she would be able to will be able to handle the infection. Labs are as well coming up with drugs that assist to get rid of these infections after you get the disease. Medical Laboratories are as well formulating fresh and stronger antibiotics on a day to day basis.

  1. Uses of Microbes In War

Even though nobody enjoys talking about it, humans have a history of making use of disease and compounds produced by microbes in warfare. Labs were constructed to produce chemical compounds that would terminate people’s life.

They as well isolate diseases (viruses) that could be set free to infect a whole population of people. The majority of the world has chosen not to grow diseases to be made use of in war. They have known how dangerous and uncontrollable these diseases are. Once they release these diseases, they may not be able to stop them.

  1. Uses of Microbes for cleaning The Environment

Scientists are as well working with microbes to improve the environment. In the real sense, the environment did not require help; we’re merely trying to reduce the negative impact we have on the environment.

Excellent examples are the bacteria that have been formulated to break down oil in the water. If a tanker leaked and oil starts to spill into the water, these bacteria could be sent out to break down the oil. The resulting compounds would not be harmful to the environment.

Scientists are as well working with bacteria and fungi to assist breakdown garbage.

  1. Oil microorganisms

The nitrogen cycle in soils relies on the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. One way this can happen is in the root nodules of leguminous plants that is composed of symbiotic bacteria of the genera Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Azorhizobium.

  1. Symbiotic microorganisms

Symbiotic micro-organisms like fungi and algae form an association in lichen. A group of fungi form mycorrhizal symbioses with trees that augment the supply of nutrients to the tree.

  1. Human Digestion and Microorganism

A few types of bacteria that occupy animals’ stomachs assist in their digestion. For instance, cows possess a lot of different micro-organisms in their stomachs that are crucial in their digestion of grass and hay.

The gastrointestinal tract is made up of a hugely composite ecology of microorganisms. A characteristic individual bears above 500 different species of bacteria, which stands for dozens of various lifestyles and capabilities. The composition and supply of this menagerie varies with age, state of health and diet.

The number and type of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract differ significantly by region. In healthy individuals, the stomach and proximal small intestine contain some microorganisms, mainly as a result of the bacteriocidal function of gastric acid; those that are there are aerobes and facultative anaerobes.

An attractive evidence of the capability of gastric acid to repress bacterial populations is observable in patients with achlorhydria, a genetic disorder which inhibits secretion of gastric acid.

Such patients, which are otherwise healthy, may have about 10,000 to 100,000,000 microorganisms per ml of stomach contents.

Contrary to the stomach and small intestine, the contents of the colon plainly swarm with bacteria, mainly severe anaerobes -bacteria that survive only in environments that are completely devoid of oxygen.

Amid these two extremes is a transitional zone, normally in the ileum, where reasonable numbers of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are established.

The gastrointestinal tract is germ-free at birth, but migration characteristically starts within a small number of hours of birth, beginning from the small intestine and advancing gradually over a period of a number of days. In the majority of circumstances, a “mature” microbial flora is recognized by 3 to 4 weeks of age.

  1. Use in food

Microorganisms are made use of in brewing, wine making, baking, pickling and other food-manufacturing processes. They are as well employed in the control of the fermentation process in the manufacture of cultured dairy products like in yogurt and cheese.

The cultures as well make available flavour and aroma, and eliminate undesirable organisms.

  1. Use in water treatment

The majority of all oxidative sewage treatment processes depend on a large array of microorganisms to oxidize organic components which are not agreeable to sedimentation or flotation.

Anaerobic microorganisms are as well utilized to reduce slush solids manufacturing methane gas in the midst of other gases and a germ-free mineralized residue.

In drinkable water treatment, one method, the slow sand filter, uses a complicated jellylike layer made up of an extensive array of microorganisms to take away both dissolved and particulate material from raw water.

  1. Use in energy

Micro-organisms are made use of in fermentation to manufacturing ethanol, and in biogas reactors to manufacture of methane. Scientists are conducting research on the use of algae to manufacture of liquid fuels, and bacteria to change different types of agricultural and urban waste into utilizable fuels.

  1. Use in production of chemicals, enzymes etc

Micro-organisms are employed for a lot of commercial and industrial manufacturing of chemicals, enzymes and other bioactive molecules.

Examples of organic acid manufacture are:

• Acetic acid: Manufactured by the bacterium Acetobacter aceti and other acetic acid bacteria (AAB)

• Butyric acid (butanoic acid): Manufactured by the bacterium Clostridium butyricum

• Lactic acid: Lactobacillus and others usually known as lactic acid bacteria (LAB)

• Citric acid: Manufactured by the fungus Aspergillus niger

  1. Diseases caused by Microbes

Micro-organisms are the reason of a lot of infectious diseases.

The organisms concerned are pathogenic bacteria-they cause diseases like plague, tuberculosis and anthrax; protozoa- they cause diseases like malaria, sleeping sickness, dysentery and toxoplasmosis; and as well fungi-they cause diseases like ringworm, candidiasis or histoplasmosis.

Nevertheless, a few diseases like influenza, yellow fever or AIDS are caused by pathogenic viruses, which are not normally classified as living organisms and are not, therefore, micro-organisms by the stringent definition.

  1. Use in Food in Hygiene

Hygiene is the prevention of infection or food spoiling by removing microorganisms from the surroundings. As microorganisms, in particular bacteria, are discovered practically all over the place, the levels of injurious microorganisms can be minimized to suitable levels.

Nevertheless, in a few cases, it is needed that an object or substance be entirely sterile, i.e. free of every living entities and viruses. A good instance is a hypodermic needle.

  1. Active use of lactic acid bacteria

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an essential class of bacteria in food production. They are vigorously made use of in the manufacture of fermented foods like cured sausages and yoghurt, and a few LAB possess probiotic properties, ie. they possess a positive effect on consumer health.

Fighting unwanted bacteria

A lot of bacteria possess a negative effect on food because they depreciate the food’s consumption quality or make it unsafe for consumption. When microorganisms break down and deteriorate food, these results to an increased food waste and wastage, which in turn has crucial financial and environmental consequences.

Staying further on in knowledge of the expression, deterrence and fight against bacteria is consequently an endless battle.

Credit : Article sent in by a fan through email “okoh praise” Biology lessons app

health benefits of taking dark chocolates


 health benefits of taking chocolates

  health benefits of taking chocolates
chocolate is very important to our overall well being ,it has lots of advantages and lots of health benefits.
When we are talking about chocolate and
potential health benefits we are not referring
to chocolate bars that you may find at the
checkout line in a grocery or convenience store
but true dark chocolate. This type of chocolate
is a night and day difference to it’s
“chocolate-like” counterparts.
Dark chocolate of at least 70% cacao is what
you’re looking for here and ideally 90%. If
you’ve eaten Hershey bars your whole life it
can be quite an adjustment as dark chocolate
has a deeper, richer and more bitter taste.
When you start eating this regularly though
you develop the taste for it and will not return
to sugar filled candy bars.
When you start eating dark chocolate you can
look to start providing yourself with some
great health benefits. Here are 5 things that
come from eating dark chocolate.
1. Dark Chocolate Has A Very High Mineral
Content
When you consume dark chocolate you are
getting natural amounts of:
Fiber
Iron
Magnesium
Copper
Manganese
Potassium
Zinc
Selenium Gomez..

  1. Dark Chocolate Can Lower Blood Pressure
    Studies out of Germany took 18 weeks to
    observe otherwise healthy individuals that had
    higher than optimal blood pressure. When
    small portions of dark chocolate were added
    into the diet it was seen efficiently reduce
    their blood pressure.
  2. Dark Chocolate Can Help Manage & Lower
    Blood Sugar
    This tends to surprise people because when
    you think of chocolate you tend to think of
    sugar. In the case of dark chocolate, there is
    some sugar but it is primarily made of fat.
    Dark chocolate, however, is made up of the
    good fats like oleic acid which is what you
    find in olive oil. The higher fat content is what
    helps keep the glycemic index low which helps
    in keeping blood sugar low. The polyphenols in
    dark chocolate, among their many benefits,
    are believed to promote vascular health and
    glucose contro l.
  3. Dark Chocolate Is High In Antioxidants
    This to me is the best selling point on it. A
    quick lesson on antioxidants; they help
    prevent free radical damage in the body and
    free radicals are what are formed when oxygen
    interacts with certain molecules. Cell oxidation
    can roughly be compared to when things rust.
    Antioxidants then are what help prevent
    damage from cell oxidation which includes
    premature aging, DNA damage and certain
    types of cancer. Researchers in Italy found
    that the antioxidant content in dark chocolate
    would help combat the negative of effects of
    free radical damage in the body.
  4. Dark Chocolate Can Help Prevent
    Cardiovascular Disease
    The antioxidant power shines through again
    through the form of those great polyphenols
    but also flavonoids. You might be thinking
    flavonoids are the love child between Flavor
    Flav and The Noid from Dominos, but they are
    thought to have heart protecting effects.
    Research out of Australia showed that small
    daily dark chocolate consumption could
    potentially avert 70 non-fatal, and 15 fatal
    cardiovascular events per 10,000 people
    treated over 10 years.
    Wrapping It Up
    So does this mean you can start eating dark
    chocolate by the shovel full? Well, you’ll need
    to slow down your horses there fella. Dark
    chocolate still contains a lot of calories due to
    that high fat content but the advantage is it
    only takes a few squares to help satisfy that
    sugar and chocolate craving.
    If you notice with the studies they all mention
    SMALL amounts of dark chocolate that
    produced results. But having a square (or
    two) a day is a great way to get a treat that is
    also going to be providing you some
    tremendous health benefits.
    If you’re new to dark chocolate start off easy
    with a 50% cacao version and start working
    your way up. When you get up to 90% lower
    grades which once might have seemed too
    bitter will not seem to become overly sweet.
    http://www.lifehack.org/354563/science-says-chocolate-bar-day-keeps-the-doctor-away

sad story of a young nigerian girl been forced into marriage child marriage with an old man (must read )


tales of a Nigerian girl crying Nigerian girl


sad. story of a. girl forced into marriage against her wish.

A victim of child marriage
Just off the highway that leads to Kubwa, an
Abuja outskirt, twilight bounds softly on the
path to Lima’s spot. Lima, in skintight pants
and transparent sari, sits in a corner of an
open bar. Unlike the other girls, she does not
loiter too close to the entrance, neither does
she try so hard to gain the attention of every
male patron; she tries not to be too obvious.
“I am not a common prostitute…I don’t parade
myself like bad tomato,” she explains. There is
something instructive in her analogy of the
“bad tomato.” It puts in a nutshell, the
realities that shape the life of the 17-year-old
divorcee and social outcast.
Lima’s predicament began eight years ago in
Danjida, Kano State. Just before she
clocked10, her mother told her that she would
be escorting her to a traditional family
festival; the party was allegedly organised by
the family’s elders for pretty young girls like
Lima, as an initiation into womanhood. The
nine-year-old was ecstatic; she was going to
be a woman and, according to her mother, she
would receive a lot of expensive gifts from her
family friends and relatives.
The evening before the event, Lima and her
mother departed from their Kawaje
neighbourhood for a large compound in
Danjida, her ancestral homeland, where they
sat all night with her first cousins, distant
cousins and other girls whom she could barely
recognise. The girls waited expectantly and
watched with admiration as their mothers
chatted animatedly and danced to the
drumbeats.
They were there all night but at the first streak
of daylight, Lima’s paternal aunt, Aunt Sajida,
emerged from the backyard to lead her to her
fate. “She told me not to cry and urged me to
do our family proud. She said if I did, I would
get a lot of gifts and grow to become a very
beautiful woman,” says Lima.
The nine-year-old followed her aunt
sheepishly to the backyard. there, she was led
into a dark room occupied by two women.
According to her, no sooner did she enter than
the women grabbed her hands and held her in
a tight grip, one of them locking her legs and
the other her arms. While she struggled with
terror and an intense foreboding of what was
to come, a third woman entered the room and
lifted her wrapper. As Lima was struggling,
her pant was practically torn off; then she felt
excruciating pain. Blood gushed from her
private part and cascaded her legs. In
seconds, Lima (who clocked 10 years
overnight) passed out.
By the time she woke up, she had undergone
the gishiri cut (circumcision) and has thus
become a woman by cultural standards. But
nobody told her of the pain; after her
circumcision, the women sewed up her private
part without anaesthesia, thus causing her
great pains and she bled continuously from
the wound. Panic-stricken, her mother and
aunt screamed repeatedly at the women who
circumcised her and the latter ran helter-
skelter to stop the bleeding.
Eventually, somebody brought some black
powder and applied it on the wound, but it
only caused her to smart and squirm some
more. Lima bled the whole day and as she
cried, her mother and aunt applied the black
powder intermittently on the wound, causing
her more pain. “I could not pee. Every time I
tried to, I felt intense pain in my genitals,”
says Lima, adding that she fell ill from the
wound over a long period.
The following year, Lima was forcefully
married to 76-year old Baba Ahmadu, her
father’s best friend in a hastily contrived
marriage ceremony. The details, she says,
were unclear to her but she remembers that
money changed hands between her father and
her husband. The first time she had sex with
her husband, there was a lot of trouble; Lima
lied to him that she needed to pee and thereby
fled to her parents’ house but her father
ordered her brothers to return her to her
husband. “My mother slapped me and issued
me a stern warning not to disgrace her. Then
my brothers tied my hands and flogged me
with horsewhip,” she discloses.
They delivered her at the tender age of 11 to
her husband, feet and hands bound and legs
held firmly apart so he could consummate the
marriage. Before the consummation, an elderly
woman whom Lima identifies as her
husband’s younger sister came in to undo the
stitches sewn on her genitals after her
circumcision. Lima had to go through this
without any form of anaesthesia, hence she
was in great pains. Then her brothers held her
in position for her husband to mount her.

“I was already in great pain and I bled
profusely before he mounted me. I begged my
brothers to release me; I pleaded with them to
stop holding me down for Baba Ahmadu but
they turned deaf ears. They kept telling me to
shut up and looked away. After he (her
husband) finished, I saw him dip his hands
into his pocket and give them (her brothers)
N1,000,” recollects Lima with a sob.
The next day, her Aunt Mariam came visiting
and tearfully, Lima recounted to her, her
gruesome experience in the hands of her
husband but to her horror, the latter patted
her on the back and told her to cooperate with
her husband. “She said I was no longer a child
and that the more I struggled with him, the
greater disgrace I bring upon our family. She
said our ancestors would curse me if I did not
stop disgracing our family…when I told her
that my genitals bleed and hurt me badly, she
said if I relax the next time my husband lies
with me, the pain would stop and the wound
will heal quicker,” says Lima.
But the pain never stopped nor did the wound
heal quickly as her aunt assured her. Lima
claims she felt violated and hurt every time
her husband had sex with her and for a week,
she could not stand or walk upright. “I could
not sit down or walk upright because of the
pain. I hated my husband more every time he
slept with me. He virtually forced himself on
me and he was very rough. Eventually, I
became pregnant in two months,” she says.
However, due to complications from protracted
labour, Lima’s baby died at birth and she
suffered a severe case of obstetric fistula. At
the onset of the disease – vesico vaginal
fistula (VVF) or obstetric fistula – Lima’s
husband abandoned her. She says: “He took
me to the clinic and abandoned me there. He
said I was destroying his home with urine and
faeces. Then he sent my belongings to my
parents. He said he was no longer interested
in marrying me. He said I had brought him
agony and bad luck.”
To her chagrin, her parents sent her
belongings to her at the hospital. According
to her, “They sent my eldest brother to give
them to me with a sum of N900. He told me
that I was not expected back home since I had
brought shame on my family. He said my
father had chased mother out of the house
and spat at me.”
It took Lima two years and a month before
she got cured and when she did, she departed
for the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja,
by the assistance of a nurse. The latter
handed her over to a childhood friend who
purportedly runs a food canteen in Kubwa,
Abuja. With gratitude and optimism, Lima
departed Kano for Abuja with her benefactress.
But the truth didn’t dawn on her until she got
to Abuja; there was no waitress job waiting
for her at a food canteen, rather she was
forced to squat in a tiny room at the back of
her benefactress’ makeshift beer parlour in
Kubwa. There, she survives by hawking sex for
money, even as you read.
Lima says things are looking up for her; four
months ago, her Madame granted her the
freedom to entertain her own clients between
5 a.m. and 3.30 p.m. every day.
Notwithstanding her predicament, Lima says:
“I don’t fling myself at any man. I am not
some cheap prostitute. I respect myself,” she
says with the coolness of a sex worker who
knows that patronage may be acquired by
more discreet measures, like elegance and
stubborn pride.
A suicide mission
A visit to Lima’s hometown heralds a
pilgrimage of sort; the whereabouts of Lima’s
mother and eldest brother is unknown and her
father, Audu, currently grapples with old age.
He suffers fecal and urinal incontinence
brought about by age; he urinates and
defaecates where he sleeps and his body is
riddled with bedsores. None of the three wives
he married after Lima’s mother stays with
him. “they all deserted him as his condition
worsened and it became clear that he lacks
the means to cater for his household,” reveals
Saidattu Mohammed, a bean and corn syrup
seller who claims to be responsible for the 89-
year old’s breakfast and supper every day.
“Nobody pays me for what I do. I do it for
God,” she claims.
Despite his predicament, the 89-year old
betrays no love for Lima neither does he feel
contrition for the way he treated her. His eyes
widened and he got very agitated when the
reporter revealed that he had spoken to Lima.
Idrissu, a gangly youth, presumably in his
mid-20s who identified himself as Lima’s
immediate elder brother, ushered me out of
their compound, muttering curses under his
breath. According to my guide, any attempt to
stay longer would have ended disastrously.
Five cows for a daughter
Like Lima, Hamida suffered the raw end of the
deal from her husband and family. Hamida,
18, sells fruits at the Mararaba orange market
in Nasarrawa. But that is her day job; at night,
Hamida joins two of her friends at a popular
roadside bar in Utaku, Abuja.
At the back of the bar, she changes into tight-fitting blouse and skimpy skirt. Then she stands by the roadside to beckon on would-be patrons for ‘short-time’ sex or ‘till-day-break’ romp.
The 18-year-old’s journey to infamy began six years ago on a quiet afternoon in Kajuru, Kaduna State. According to her, she was just starting to heal from circumcision ritual when her mother and eldest sister, a widow, sat her down to inform her that they had accepted a marriage proposal on her behalf.
“When I protested that I was too young for marriage and that I would rather go to school, my mother told me that education is not meant for a cultured and dutiful daughter. Immediately, I rushed to ask my father why he did that. I told him he wouldn’t do that, if he truly loved me but he brought out a whip and started flogging me. He said he had accepted five cows for my hand. It was the first time my father flogged me in two years…I begged him not to marry me off, I cried that the marriage will kill me but he said I had become wayward and threatened to disown me if I failed to obey his wish,” reveals Hamida.
Eventually, she did her parent’s bidding and Hamida got married to Usman, a 65-year-old cow dealer at the age of 12. After the wedding, the newlywed relocated to Jibiya, Katsina State, where Usman sold cows. However, the matrimony was never as heavenly as Hamida’s mother assured her it would be.
“I had two senior wives and life with them was hellish. None of them had ever gotten pregnant and the fact that I got pregnant one month into my marriage made them hate me. They taunted me endlessly, claiming that I had charmed their husband and that God will deal with me…Eventually, their wishes came true; when I went into labour, my husband had travelled on a business trip, hence my senior wives invited a local midwife and abandoned me with her.
“They didn’t care that I had complications. The midwife said my waist was too tiny to birth a child and I had lost too much blood. After three days of painful labour, I was delivered in my room. I was there for about three days. I experienced serious pains and bled continuously. My baby never cried; I tried to breast feed him but he refused to feed. His breathing was barely audible. Worried by his state, the midwife prepared some herbal concoction and forced it down his throat; this caused his stomach and the left side of his chest to become distended.
“They said it was his heart that got bloated. At this point, the midwife stopped coming. When I sent a neighbour’s child to find her, they said she had travelled…Eventually my neighbours helped me to the hospital. When I got there, my son was confirmed dead. He died on the day that we were supposed to have his naming ceremony. While I cried, the doctor told me that I was very sick and they referred me for further treatment at the big hospital in Babbar Ruga (Babbar Ruga Vesico Vaginal Fistula (VVF) Centre in Katsina State). By that time, I was defaecating and urinating all over my body. The doctor and the nurses covered their noses and mouths while they attended to me.
“More painful was the fact that my husband at his arrival from his business trip, came to inform me that he was divorcing me. He accused me of killing his child and told me never to set foot in his house again. My mother came to see me in Babbar Ruga but she only came to give me two wrappers and N2,000. She said I should try to beg my husband and get back into his house. She said no one would welcome me back into my father’s house,” recollects Hamida.
After undergoing corrective surgery at Babbar Ruga, Hamida relocated to Abuja with two of her friends. Today, she survives by petty trade in fruits at daytime and a nocturnal trade in sex for money.
Customary disaster
The plight of Lima and Hamida illustrates the stark misery characteristic of the world of many child brides in the country. By its magnitude, VVF is a major public health problem in Nigeria. Prevalence estimations range from as low as 100,000 to as much as 1,000,000 cases. Health experts, however, quote 400,000 to 800,000 even as Dutch surgeon, Dr. Kees Waaldijk, who has worked with the Nigerian government in the past 25 years, to end fistula through his direction of the Nigeria National Fistula Programme, states firmly that the backlog is 200,000 to a maximum 250,000 patients.
The incidence is estimated at 20,000 new cases a year; while 90 per cent are untreated.
This implies that about 55 women are infected by VVF and 18,000 cases are untreated daily. It is estimated that two million women suffer from obstetric fistula globally. In Nigeria alone, the north has over 85 per cent of these cases. The vast majority of VVF is caused by obstructed labour, gishiri (circumcision) cut and obstetrical trauma.
Fistula, the Latin word for “pipe,” is an “abnormal passage” between organs —in this case, between the vagina and the bladder, the rectum, or both. The hole makes the woman uncontrollably incontinent of urine or feces or both and transforms a healthy person into a leaking, reeking, “cesspit,” in the words of Lima.
Obstetric fistula results from obstructed labour, which occurs when the baby cannot pass through the mother’s birth canal because it either does not come head first or is too large for her pelvis. Prompt medical intervention, often including Caesarean section, permits a delivery safe for both mother and child. But thousands of times each year across the country, birthing women receive no such aid and their labour is a futile agony lasting between three and five days, with uterine contractions constantly forcing the baby, usually head first, against unyielding pelvic bone.
The unremitting pressure usually kills the child and prevents blood supply to the soft tissues of the vagina and other organs trapped between the baby’s skull and her pelvis. Eventually these tissues also die, forming one or more fistulas and the baby’s head softens sufficiently for the stillborn child to pass from her body. Should she survive, the mother soon finds urine, faeces or both leaking unstoppably from her vagina.
In about a fifth of cases, the woman also suffers nerve injury that can cause a condition called footdrop, which prevents normal walking. Constant contact with urine or faeces irritates and infects her skin and other tissues. Her kidneys, bladder, or other nearby organs may also be damaged. Her menstrual periods may stop, rendering her infertile.
If Lima and Hamida’s experiences are more favourable than most, their years of destitution and social banishment are disturbingly typical. The Nation findings reveal that the majority of VVF sufferers are abandoned by their families, divorced by their husbands, and forced to fend for themselves, often by begging, menial jobs and prostitution.
Hopeful interventions
Nigeria has a long-standing history of fistula repair: Dr. Sr. Ann Ward was Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist and fistula expert and trainer at St. Luke’s Hospital, Anua, Akwa Ibom State. She recently retired after a 40-year career. She also was in charge of the vesico-vaginal fistula treatment at nearby Itam. However, the acceleration of surgical interventions began with the arrival in Katsina in 1983 of Dr. Kees Waaldijk, a plastic surgeon from the Netherlands. He came primarily to repair the leprosy patients but quickly devoted his energy exclusively to fistula repair and training.
In the early 90s, the National Foundation on VVF was created with Dr. Waaldijk as the leading surgeon. With the commencement of the Campaign to End Fistula nationwide, fistula repair in Nigeria progressed in higher gear. An extra boost for advocacy as well as repair was given through an event that still is the referral activity: the organisation of the Fistula Fortnight in four Northern states in 2005.
Currently, there are approximately 20 centres providing VVF treatment on a regular basis in the country. According to Dr. Waaldijk, 11 of these centres are part of the National VVF Project. By 2008, the National VVF Project had performed a total 25,000 VVF/RVF repairs and related interventions since its inception.
The exact number of fistula repairs carried out annually in Nigeria is, however, unknown. Most VVF treatment centres collect information on the number of interventions carried out, but recording and reporting is incomplete and non-systematic. A centralised recording and reporting system is not in place either. It is, however, estimated that approximately some 2,000 to 4,000 fistula repairs are done every year.
But even as studies enumerate anatomical, matrimonial, and demographic factors that increase risk, experts emphasize that the basic reason for fistulas lies not in women’s bodies, social lives, or diet alone, but in the failure of health systems to provide the resources needed to ensure safe childbirth. Many studies lay “undue emphasis…on early marriage as the aetiology of the disease,” states Dr. Mohammed Kabir of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital in Kano. According to him, the lack of skilled supervision, of childbirth and adequate emergency facilities are to blame.
Further findings reveal that the prevalence of obstetric fistula is embedded in a complex network of social issues, including socio-cultural perceptions of the status of women, the distribution and availability of health care resources, perceptions about the nature and importance of maternal health problems, and the social, economic and political infrastructures of affected societies.
“Three stages of delay,” according to medical experts, prevent victims from get-
ting the help they deserve. First, embarrassment, tradition, cost or misplaced optimism delays the realization that labour has gone awry. Second, distance, bad roads, or lack of a vehicle delay the journey to a clinic or hospital where the situation could probably have been salvaged. Finally, crowding, understaffing, or lack of resources may delay the needed services when the woman finally arrives at the clinic. A Caesarean section performed within the first 48 hours of labour will generally prevent fistula, although it may not save the baby.
An affliction of the poor?
Fatimatu Saliu, a Zaria-based nurse and social worker, argues that a greater percentage of VVF patients usually fall within the low income and impoverished economic divide. “You hardly see the rich marrying their underage daughters off for money. Many of the victims come from poor homes and their parents marry them off at a tender age for economic gain,’’ she says.
One perception too many
Marriage historians have noted that it will take more than a couple of decades to rewrite a marital playbook that is thousands of years old. The institutions of child marriage are a remnant of medieval marital culture. Men who practise these types of antiquated marriages adamantly resist and reject contemporary notions of marriage as a partnership of equals based upon mutual love and free-will. The practices of child marriage rely upon the historical, social and cultural assumptions and beliefs that support marriage as an economic transaction, whereby a woman or girl, is merely an object for exchange between one man and another.
These practices inflict great harm upon women and girls. According to Milda Okonedo, a social psychologist, it traps young girls in relationships that deprive them of their childhood and education while making them vulnerable and at risk for abuse, disease and even death; this impact negatively on the woman they eventually become.
Social constructions of the child bride
As a married partner, her new social set is supposed to be other married women, but being a mere child, most of these women will be older and not likely to be an easy social fit. Consequently, married girls straddle two worlds and frequently find that they are alone and isolated in their new marital homes. For instance, interviews with victims reveal that they are isolated and under the control of their husbands and co-wives. Their isolation compounds their diminished access to information and services, making them not easily reached by conventional mechanisms such as youth centers or peer education.
The federal Government has attempted to outlaw child marriage. In 2003 it passed the Child Rights Act, prohibiting marriage under the age of 18. But to correct the anomaly, Janet Essiet, a Kano-based lawyer and ‘women’s rights activist’ suggests more government interventions at the grassroots. “Research findings persistently reveal that child marriage is perpetrated mostly among impoverished folks in the country’s rural areas. The government needs to make its presence felt at these local levels. Government could bolster its efforts by improving agricultural support and facilitating more income-generating opportunities for many families at the grassroots. If parents can adequately cater for their children’s needs, they won’t be forced to marry them off at ridiculous prices for survival,” she says.
The government also needs to cooperate with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) committed to the eradication of the problem, argues Zulaykha Habib, a guidance counsellor and owner of Muslim Sisters Development Foundation. “Efforts should be geared to sensitise parents on the need to delay their daughters’ marriage and instead pursue their educational and psychosocial development,” she advises.
Higher levels of education significantly decrease the risk of child marriage, with secondary education, especially strong in stalling age at marriage until a girl is 18 years or older. Governments and NGOs fighting against child marriage may focus on education and making parents aware of the benefits of allowing their daughters go to school. They need to know that education provides alternatives for their daughters that can lead to employment, earnings and an economic future that will benefit not only their daughters, but their family and community as well.
But as the government and other stakeholders return to the drawing board, they will do well to include severely damaged and disillusioned divorcees and former child brides like Hamida and Lima in their loop of schemes. “Leaving such kids to their devices forebodes greater doom for them and the society at large. The misery and disillusionment they feel destroys their psychology and inflicts upon them a jaded view of the entire world. They have lost hope in the society and average human’s capacity to be good. This is a horrific way to see the world, particularly for teenagers and future mothers,” argues Okonedo.
Okonedo couldn’t be too far from the truth; a journey through Lima’s mind for instance reveals world-weariness characteristic of the aged who considers hope inconsequential after suffering through many tragic disappointments in her lifetime.
Lima hurts severely every time she remembers her first time in the dimly lit room where Aunt Mariam hushed her to sleep with promises of pleasure and folk song. Aunt Mariam had been sent in to calm her after she got restless and hysterical at the prospect of ‘lying’ with Baba Ahmadu, 76, her father’s best friend.
Aunt Mariam was convincing: venomous threats and thinly veiled lies leapt from her lips in measured cadence; the effect was frightening, it kept Lima from screaming and attempting further escape from the dark room. Although she eventually escaped, seven years on since the sad incident, she is still in the dark room.
http://thenationonlineng.net/new/this-marriage-will-kill-me/

scientists suggest that diabetes drugs has the ability to prevent and cure heart failure



For the first time, research shows that a type
2 diabetes drug significantly reduces
hospitalizations and death from heart failure.
The findings, from a large clinical trial known
as EMPA-REG OUTCOME, were presented by
Yale professor of medicine and clinical chief of
endocrinology, Dr. Silvio E. Inzucchi, at the
2015 American Heart Association (AHA)
Scientific Session in Orlando, Florida on Nov.
9.
Many individuals with type 2 diabetes also
have heart failure, a condition in which the
heart fails to pump blood effectively.
Treatment for heart failure is limited and prior
efforts to treat patients with type 2 diabetes
drugs showed no benefit for heart failure. But
a new class of type 2 diabetes drugs (SGLT2
inhibitors) that reduce blood sugar by
increasing its excretion in the urine had not
been studied.
In the EMPA-REG trial, patients with type 2
diabetes and risk factors for heart disease
were randomized to receive once-daily doses
of either the glucose-lowering drug
empagliflozin (10 mg or 25 mg doses), or a
placebo. The drug or placebo was given in
addition to standard care.
At the end of the trial period, investigators
found that patients treated with the drug
experienced reductions in blood sugar and
blood pressure, as well as weight loss,
compared to those on placebo. They also
found major significant reductions in
hospitalizations for heart failure (35%); the
combined result for heart failure
hospitalization or dying from heart disease
(34%); and the combined result for being
hospitalized or dying from heart failure (39%).
Additionally, Inzucchi and his colleagues
analyzed outcomes for subgroups of patients
who had heart failure at the beginning of the
trial and those who did not. “We found that
reductions in the hospitalization outcomes
were similar between the two subgroups,” he
said. “So, one conclusion that could be
proposed is that the drug not only appeared
to prevent deterioration in patients who
already had heart failure but also appeared to
prevent that condition from developing in
patients who never had it before.”
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151109141524.htm

10 tips on how to graduate with a very good result in school


every student’s dream is to graduate with first class degree which is a very good result or at least a second class upper but you can’t graduate with a good result result if you don’t work towards it , you can start by reading and practising this tips because it works!

1: Just study the pattern of your lecturers and
give them what they want first before adding
your own sugar. Remember this is Nigeria and
“I too know” doesn’t always work.
2: Study past questions. They are their to give
you clue to future questions.

3: Don’t be too hard on yourself. Remember
this is first year and you still have four other
years to make up

4: Discover your study pattern. There are
times and places where you read and
understand better. It may be in the morning,
or at night.
5: Remember that cramming doesn’t work.
Read to understand and write in your own
words.
6: Shun all negative thoughts especially
during exams and please please please for no
reason, don’t hate any lecturer or course. Youy
can’t enjoy what you don’t like.
7: find ways to impress your lecturers and
please help your classmates when they need
it. Avoid this idea of competition in class. you
are not competing with anybody but your
GPA. Remember when you help others, you
gain more.

8: Know the kind of friends you keep. While in
school I keep different kinds of friends:
the informants: They always get first hand
information so I am always informed on latest
happenings
the energizer: They disturb me with their
questions, assignments and request and so
helps me to keep my game up.
The stress relievers: they are clowns and as
such helps me to relieve school stress
The reading colleagues: This group are people
I read with. They know why they are in school
and as such helps me when I am not
performing. Most times I am the person doing
the motivating work.
9:Meditate. Find some quiet time and think
through how far you have come. You will know
you have gone far from where you started.
10: Pray when you feel all is not well. It works
Remember your talent may start showcasing
when you start taking departmental courses.
Please don’t worry but believe you can and
May God give you the grace. Amen.

I wish you the best of luck in your academic pursuits.

tips on how to take care of your brain and memory in other to prevent memory loss



the brain is like the engine room of the body. it controls all other part but despite the importance of the brain most people are too lazy to develop their brain and keep it in good working condition.
A strong memory depends on the health and
vitality of your brain. Whether you’re a student
studying for final exams, a working
professional interested in doing all you can to
stay mentally sharp, or a senior looking to
preserve and enhance your grey matter as you
age, there are lots of things you can do to
improve your memory and mental
performance.
You can boost your brain power at any age
They say that you can’t teach an old dog new
tricks, but when it comes to the brain,
scientists have discovered that this old adage
simply isn’t true. The human brain has an
astonishing ability to adapt and change—even
into old age. This ability is known as
neuroplasticity . With the right stimulation,
your brain can form new neural pathways,
alter existing connections, and adapt and
react in ever-changing ways.
The brain’s incredible ability to reshape itself
holds true when it comes to learning and
memory. You can harness the natural power of
neuroplasticity to increase your cognitive
abilities, enhance your ability to learn new
information, and improve your memory at any
age.
Improving memory tip 1: Give your brain a
workout
By the time you’ve reached adulthood, your
brain has developed millions of neural
pathways that help you process and recall
information quickly, solve familiar problems,
and execute familiar tasks with a minimum of
mental effort. But if you always stick to these
well-worn paths, you aren’t giving your brain
the stimulation it needs to keep growing and
developing. You have to shake things up from
time to time!
Memory, like muscular strength, requires you
to “use it or lose it.” The more you work out
your brain, the better you’ll be able to process
and remember information. But not all
activities are equal. The best brain exercises
break your routine and challenge you to use
and develop new brain pathways.

Improving memory tip 2: Don’t skip the
physical exercise
While mental exercise is important for brain
health, that doesn’t mean you never need to
break a sweat. Physical exercise helps your
brain stay sharp. It increases oxygen to your
brain and reduces the risk for disorders that
lead to memory loss, such as diabetes and
cardiovascular disease. Exercise also
enhances the effects of helpful brain chemicals
and reduces stress hormones. Perhaps most
importantly, exercise plays an important role
in neuroplasticity by boosting growth factors
and stimulating new neuronal connections.
Brain-boosting exercise tips
Aerobic exercise is particularly good for the
brain, so choose activities that keep your
blood pumping. In general, anything that is
good for your heart is great for your brain.
Does it take you long time to clear out the
sleep fog when you wake up? If so, you may
find that exercising in the morning before
you start your day makes a big difference.
In addition to clearing out the cobwebs, it
also primes you for learning throughout the
day.
Physical activities that require hand-eye
coordination or complex motor skills are
particularly beneficial for brain building.
Exercise breaks can help you get past
mental fatigue and afternoon slumps. Even
a short walk or a few jumping jacks can be
enough to reboot your brain.

Improving memory tip 3: Get your Zs
There is a big difference between the amount
of sleep you can get by on and the amount
you need to function at your best. The truth is
that over 95% of adults need between 7.5 to 9
hours of sleep every night in order to avoid
sleep deprivation. Even skimping on a few
hours makes a difference! Memory, creativity,
problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking
skills are all compromised.
But sleep is critical to learning and memory in
an even more fundamental way. Research
shows that sleep is necessary for memory
consolidation, with the key memory-enhancing
activity occurring during the deepest stages of
sleep.
Get on a regular sleep schedule. Go to bed
at the same time every night and get up at
the same time each morning. Try not to
break your routine, even on weekends and
holidays.
Avoid all screens for at least an hour before
bed. The blue light emitted by TVs, tablets,
phones, and computers trigger wakefulness
and suppress hormones such as melatonin
that make you sleepy.
Cut back on caffeine. Caffeine affects
people differently. Some people are highly
sensitive, and even morning coffee may
interfere with sleep at night. Try reducing
your intake or cutting it out entirely if you
suspect it’s keeping you up.

Improving memory tip 4: Make time for friends
When you think of ways to improve memory,
do you think of “serious” activities such as
wrestling with the New York Times crossword
puzzle or mastering chess strategy, or do
more lighthearted pastimes—hanging out with
friends or enjoying a funny movie—come to
mind? If you’re like most of us, it’s probably
the former. But countless studies show that a
life full of friends and fun comes with
cognitive benefits.
Humans are highly social animals. We’re not
meant to survive, let alone thrive, in isolation.
Relationships stimulate our brains—in fact,
interacting with others may be the best kind of
brain exercise.
Research shows that having meaningful
friendships and a strong support system are
vital not only to emotional health, but also to
brain health. In one recent study from the
Harvard School of Public Health, for example,
researchers found that people with the most
active social lives had the slowest rate of
memory decline.
There are many ways to start taking
advantage of the brain and memory-boosting
benefits of socializing. Volunteer, join a club,
make it a point to see friends more often, or
reach out over the phone. And if a human
isn’t handy, don’t overlook the value of a pet
—especially the highly-social dog.
Improving memory tip 5: Keep stress in check
Stress is one of the brain’s worst enemies.
Over time, chronic stress destroys brain cells
and damages the hippocampus, the region of
the brain involved in the formation of new
memories and the retrieval of old ones.
Studies have also linked stress to memory
loss.
Tips for managing and minimilizing stress
Set realistic expectations (and be willing to
say no!)
Take breaks throughout the day
Express your feelings instead of bottling
them up
Set healthy a balance between work and
leisure time
Focus on one task at a time, rather than
trying to multi-task
The stress-busting, memory-boosting benefits
of meditation
The scientific evidence for the mental health
benefits of meditation continues to pile up.
Studies show that meditation helps improve
many different types of conditions, including
depression, anxiety, chronic pain, diabetes,
and high blood pressure. Meditation also can
improve focus, concentration, creativity,
memory, and learning and reasoning skills.
Meditation works its “magic” by changing the
actual brain. Brain images show that regular
meditators have more activity in the left
prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain
associated with feelings of joy and
equanimity. Meditation also increases the
thickness of the cerebral cortex and
encourages more connections between brain
cells—all of which increases mental sharpness
and memory ability. Humans are highly social animals. We’re not
meant to survive, let alone thrive, in isolation.
Relationships stimulate our brains—in fact,
interacting with others may be the best kind of
brain exercise.
Research shows that having meaningful
friendships and a strong support system are
vital not only to emotional health, but also to
brain health. In one recent study from the
Harvard School of Public Health, for example,
researchers found that people with the most
active social lives had the slowest rate of
memory decline.
There are many ways to start taking
advantage of the brain and memory-boosting
benefits of socializing. Volunteer, join a club,
make it a point to see friends more often, or
reach out over the phone. And if a human
isn’t handy, don’t overlook the value of a pet
—especially the highly-social dog.
Improving memory tip 5: Keep stress in check
Stress is one of the brain’s worst enemies.
Over time, chronic stress destroys brain cells
and damages the hippocampus, the region of
the brain involved in the formation of new
memories and the retrieval of old ones.
Studies have also linked stress to memory
loss.
Tips for managing and minimilizing stress
Set realistic expectations (and be willing to
say no!)
Take breaks throughout the day
Express your feelings instead of bottling
them up
Set healthy a balance between work and
leisure time
Focus on one task at a time, rather than
trying to multi-task
The stress-busting, memory-boosting benefits
of meditation
The scientific evidence for the mental health
benefits of meditation continues to pile up.
Studies show that meditation helps improve
many different types of conditions, including
depression, anxiety, chronic pain, diabetes,
and high blood pressure. Meditation also can
improve focus, concentration, creativity,
memory, and learning and reasoning skills.
Meditation works its “magic” by changing the
actual brain. Brain images show that regular
meditators have more activity in the left
prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain
associated with feelings of joy and
equanimity. Meditation also increases the
thickness of the cerebral cortex and
encourages more connections between brain
cells—all of which increases mental sharpness
and memory ability. Humans are highly social animals. We’re not
meant to survive, let alone thrive, in isolation.
Relationships stimulate our brains—in fact,
interacting with others may be the best kind of
brain exercise.
Research shows that having meaningful
friendships and a strong support system are
vital not only to emotional health, but also to
brain health. In one recent study from the
Harvard School of Public Health, for example,
researchers found that people with the most
active social lives had the slowest rate of
memory decline.
There are many ways to start taking
advantage of the brain and memory-boosting
benefits of socializing. Volunteer, join a club,
make it a point to see friends more often, or
reach out over the phone. And if a human
isn’t handy, don’t overlook the value of a pet
—especially the highly-social dog.
Improving memory tip 5: Keep stress in check
Stress is one of the brain’s worst enemies.
Over time, chronic stress destroys brain cells
and damages the hippocampus, the region of
the brain involved in the formation of new
memories and the retrieval of old ones.
Studies have also linked stress to memory
loss.
Tips for managing and minimilizing stress
Set realistic expectations (and be willing to
say no!)
Take breaks throughout the day
Express your feelings instead of bottling
them up
Set healthy a balance between work and
leisure time
Focus on one task at a time, rather than
trying to multi-task
The stress-busting, memory-boosting benefits
of meditation
The scientific evidence for the mental health
benefits of meditation continues to pile up.
Studies show that meditation helps improve
many different types of conditions, including
depression, anxiety, chronic pain, diabetes,
and high blood pressure. Meditation also can
improve focus, concentration, creativity,
memory, and learning and reasoning skills.
Meditation works its “magic” by changing the
actual brain. Brain images show that regular
meditators have more activity in the left
prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain
associated with feelings of joy and
equanimity. Meditation also increases the
thickness of the cerebral cortex and
encourages more connections between brain
cells—all of which increases mental sharpness
and memory ability.
Improving memory tip 6: Have a laugh
You’ve heard that laughter is the best
medicine, and that holds true for the brain and
the memory, as well as the body. Unlike
emotional responses, which are limited to
specific areas of the brain, laughter engages
multiple regions across the whole brain.
Furthermore, listening to jokes and working
out punch lines activates areas of the brain
vital to learning and creativity. As
psychologist Daniel Goleman notes in his book
Emotional Intelligence, “laughter… seems to
help people think more broadly and associate
more freely.”
Looking for ways to bring more laughter in
your life? Start with these basics:
Laugh at yourself. Share your embarrassing
moments. The best way to take ourselves
less seriously is to talk about the times
when we took ourselves too seriously.
When you hear laughter, move toward it.
Most of the time, people are very happy to
share something funny because it gives
them an opportunity to laugh again and
feed off the humor you find in it. When you
hear laughter, seek it out and try to join in.
Spend time with fun, playful people. These
are people who laugh easily—both at
themselves and at life’s absurdities—and
who routinely find the humor in everyday
events. Their playful point of view and
laughter are contagious.
Surround yourself with reminders to lighten
up. Keep a toy on your desk or in your car.
Put up a funny poster in your office. Choose
a computer screensaver that makes you
laugh. Frame photos of you and your loved
oneshaving fun.
Pay attention to children and emulate them.
They are the experts on playing, taking life
lightly, and laughing.


Improving memory tip 7: Eat a brain-boosting
diet
Just as the body needs fuel, so does the
brain. You probably already know that a diet
based on fruits, vegetables, whole grains,
“healthy” fats (such as olive oil, nuts, fish)
and lean protein will provide lots of health
benefits, but such a diet can also improve
memory. For brain health, though, it’s not just
what you eat—it’s also what you don’t eat.
The following nutritional tips will help boost
your brainpower and reduce your risk of
dementia:
Get your omega-3s. Research shows that
omega-3 fatty acids are particularly
beneficial for brain health. Fish is a
particularly rich source of omega-3,
especially cold water “fatty fish” such as
salmon, tuna, halibut, trout, mackerel,
sardines, and herring.
If you’re not a fan of seafood, consider
non-fish sources of omega-3s such as
walnuts, ground flaxseed, flaxseed oil,
winter squash, kidney and pinto beans,
spinach, broccoli, pumpkin seeds, and
soybeans.
Limit calories and saturated fat. Research
shows that diets high in saturated fat (from
sources such as red meat, whole milk,
butter, cheese, cream, and ice cream)
increase your risk of dementia and impair
concentration and memory.
Eat more fruit and vegetables. Produce is
packed with antioxidants, substances that
protect your brain cells from damage.
Colorful fruits and vegetables are
particularly good antioxidant “superfood”
sources.
Drink green tea. Green tea contains
polyphenols, powerful antioxidants that
protect against free radicals that can
damage brain cells. Among many other
benefits, regular consumption of green tea
may enhance memory and mental alertness
and slow brain aging.
Drink wine (or grape juice) in moderation.
Keeping your alcohol consumption in check
is key, since alcohol kills brain cells. But in
moderation (around 1 glass a day for
women; 2 for men), alcohol may actually
improve memory and cognition. Red wine
appears to be the best option, as it is rich
in resveratrol, a flavonoid that boosts blood
flow in the brain and reduces the risk of
Alzheimer’s disease. Other resveratrol-
packed options include grape juice,
cranberry juice, fresh grapes and berries,
and peanuts.
Improving memory tip 8: Identify and treat
health problems
Do you feel that your memory has taken an
unexplainable dip? If so, there may be a
health or lifestyle problem to blame.
It’s not just dementia or Alzheimer’s disease
that causes memory loss. There are many
diseases, mental health disorders, and
medications that can interfere with memory:
Heart disease and its risk factors.
Cardiovascular disease and its risk factors,
including high cholesterol and high blood
pressure, have been linked to mild cognitive
impairment.
Diabetes. Studies show that people with
diabetes experience far greater cognitive
decline than those who don’t suffer from
the disease.
Hormone imbalance. Women going through
menopause often experience memory
problems when their estrogen dips. In men,
low testosterone can cause issues. Thyroid
imbalances can also cause forgetfulness,
sluggish thinking, or confusion.
Medications. Many prescription and over-
the-counter medications can get in the way
of memory and clear thinking. Common
culprits include cold and allergy
medications, sleep aids, and
antidepressants. Talk to your doctor or
pharmacist about possible side effects.
Is depression to blame?
Emotional difficulties can take just as heavy of
a toll on the brain as physical problems. In
fact, mental sluggishness, difficulty
concentrating, and forgetfulness are common
symptoms of depression. The memory issues
can be particularly bad in older people who
are depressed—so much so that it is
sometimes mistaken for dementia. The good
news is that when the depression is treated,
memory should return to normal.
Practical tips for supporting learning and
memory
Pay attention. You can’t remember
something if you never learned it, and you
can’t learn something—that is, encode it
into your brain—if you don’t pay enough
attention to it. It takes about eight seconds
of intense focus to process a piece of
information into your memory. If you’re
easily distracted, pick a quiet place where
you won’t be interrupted.
Involve as many senses as possible. Try to
relate information to colors, textures,
smells, and tastes. The physical act of
rewriting information can help imprint it
onto your brain. Even if you’re a visual
learner, read out loud what you want to
remember. If you can recite it rhythmically,
even better.
Relate information to what you already
know. Connect new data to information you
already remember, whether it’s new
material that builds on previous knowledge,
or something as simple as an address of
someone who lives on a street where you
already know someone.
For more complex material, focus on
understanding basic ideas rather than
memorizing isolated details. Practice
explaining the ideas to someone else in
your own words.
Rehearse information you’ve already
learned. Review what you’ve learned the
same day you learn it, and at intervals
thereafter. This “spaced rehearsal” is more
effective than cramming, especially for
retaining what you’ve learned.
Use mnemonic devices to make
memorization easier. Mnemonics (the initial
“m” is silent) are clues of any kind that help
us remember something, usually by helping
us associate the information we want to
remember with a visual image, a sentence,
or a word.

http://www.helpguide.org/articles/memory/how-to-improve-your-memory.html

Godspower nwachukwu

10 things you miss when you say no to premarital sex


Refusing to indulge in premarital sexual activities has been interpreted to have negative connotations but when you say no to sex although you are missing some things but its for the best!
A lot of people might have told you that you
miss a lot for not
having “sex”, the answer is capital “yes” You
miss a lot and would
continue missing them:

  1. You miss contracting HIV/AIDS
  2. You miss unwanted pregnancy.
  3. You miss being unwanted husband/wife
  4. You miss having sexually transmitted
    disease.
  5. You miss having unwanted child.
  6. You miss being a school dropout.
  7. You miss having a broken home.
  8. You miss making God and your parents
    sad.
  9. You miss barrenness due to abortions.
  10. You miss having a destroyed career
    prospects
    and lastly, you miss going to hell.
    Have you seen that you really miss a lot by
    not having sex?
    My fellow youths, your life worth
    more than five minutes enjoyment that can
    destroy your
    life forever.
    Preserve your body not just for your future
    husband or wife
    but for mighty God. So we shall continue to
    miss
    every negativity in our lives
    …….

what you should know about cholera infection


What is cholera infection? Experts describe cholera as an infection of the
intestines which happens when an individual
accidentally swallows the bacterium Vibrio
cholera, which is usually present in water or
food that has been contaminated by faeces.
Physicians say cholera thrives in dirty
environment and in places where clean water
is lacking. Do you know Whats so dangerous about it?
cholera infection can become epidemic in places where
there are no proper waste disposal system.
Massive displacement of people, which may
force the displaced people to live in crowded
spaces, can also lead to cholera outbreak if
proper hygiene practices are neglected.
The World Health Organisation notes that
where the provision of potable water and
sanitation is challenging, the risk factor will
be higher.
General Physician, Dr. Chris Olusanya, says
the most severe form of cholera is
characterised by a sudden onset of acute
watery diarrhoea that can lead to death
because of the severe dehydration that usually
follows frequent bathroom visits.
Although cholera is as preventable as it is
easy to treat, it can cause watery diarrhoea
and vomiting, making people who have it to
become dehydrated very quickly.
In severe cases of dehydration, it can result in
serious health problems if it is not treated
with the urgency it deserves, Olusanya warns.
He says it can result in seizures and kidney
failure. In worst case scenario, the physician
says, an infected person who doesn’t get the
much needed medical attention may die.
The incubation period of the cholera bacterium
is very short, as it can become active within
two hours of infection; while in some cases,
the incubation period could be about five
days.
Olusanya says this short incubation period
“enhances the potentially explosive pattern of
outbreaks, and the number of cases can rise
very quickly.”
The WHO notes that about three out of four
people infected with cholera do not develop
any symptoms, though the pathogens may
stay in their faeces for between seven and 14
days, during which they will contaminate the
environment when they poop indiscriminately,
which may lead to infecting other individuals.
Cholera is extremely severe and harmful in its
effects. It is no respecter of age or sex, as it
affects children and adults, men and women.
Indeed, paediatricians warn that cholera is
most common in children under the age of five
years, killing them fast where there’s no care.
And, unlike other diarrhoeal diseases, cholera
can kill healthy adults within hours. And when
it afflicts individuals with lower or
compromised immunity, such as malnourished
children or people living with HIV, they are at
greater risk of death if medical care is not
sought and received immediately.
Globally, WHO says, cholera kills between
28,000 and 142,000 people every year. And
that tells you that cholera is not the kind of
infection anyone can treat at home!
Take caution

what you should know about cholera infection

People contact cholera through various ways,
Olusanya says. According to him, those who
get their water from the public water supply
must be careful, because if they drink water
that comes through burst pipes, it may have
become infected long before it gets to their
table.
The same caution is necessary if you buy ice
block from retailers for use at home. Olusanya
warns that ice block that is made with
‘suspicious’ water may contain cholera
bacterium, which will definitely infect anyone
who takes it.
And if you are the type that buys foods and
drinks indiscriminately from street vendors,
you may as well be exposing yourself and
anyone around you to the possibility of
cholera infection!
And though we have heard that vegetables
and fruits are good for us, we must be careful
of the way we handle our fruits and
vegetables!
Nutritionists say vegetables that are grown
with water that has been contaminated with
faeces pose serious danger to the consumer.
But since you may not know the source of
your vegetables, you are advised to handle
with care.
If you must eat raw vegetables such as
cabbage, lettuce, carrots, etc., Olusanya says
you should soak them for about five minutes
in vinegar-water solution. You should do the
same for fruits, he counsels.
Mercifully, Sushi is not entirely popular in this
part of the world. But even then, handle your
seafood with care! This is because raw or
undercooked fish and seafood that may have
been caught in waters polluted with sewage
pose serious threat of cholera to anyone who
eats them.
Know the symptoms
The following are the unmistakable symptoms
to watch out for:
Watery diarrhoea with a fishy smell
Stomach cramps
Dry mouth and skin
Rapid heart rate
Loss of skin elasticity (the ability to return
to original position quickly if pinched)
Excessive thirst
Dehydration
Low urine output
Leg cramps and muscle cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Low blood pressure
Exhaustion and weakness
Sunken eyes
Irritability and restlessness
Dry mucous membranes, including the
inside of the mouth, throat, nose, and
eyelids

http://www.punchng.com/health/healthwise/cholera-is-deadly-but-preventable/

daily early morning Exercise


Kick-starting your day with exercise is one of
the best things you can do to have a very
successful day. Although exercising any time
in the day is beneficial, research has shown
that exercising first thing in the morning is the
best way to get going. So, on this note, I have
put together a workout programme that can
help you start your day the right way. You
don’t have to go to the gym to do any of the
exercises contained in this programme. All you
need is 10-20 minutes of your time before you
take your bath and hit the road.
Please, consult your doctor before
commencing any exercise programme; and
make sure you are properly kitted in
appropriate sportswear and make sure your
environment is safe.
Also note that this programme is not suitable
for people with lower and upper body injuries
or disabilities. Please feel free to contact us if
you have any special need or disability; we
can help you keep fit, no matter your health
condition.
So, here we go…
Warm up for one minute with jogging in
place and stretches to get your body ready
Do 20 high knees
Do 20 front kick and punch
Do 25 jump jacks
Do 15 squats jumps
Do 15 push-ups (either the full or the
modified version)
Do 30-second plank
Do 20-scissors leg raise
Do 20 mountain climbers
Repeat this programme thrice if you have the
time to do so. Otherwise, you can repeat it
before going to bed at night. If any of these
exercises is new to you, please let us know.
Contact us for proper clarifications and
illustrations on how to do any of them.
.
http://www.punchng.com/health/healthwise/early-morning-exercise/

https://m.facebook.com/pages/Handsomebeautys-blog/421336681337383

5 reasons why you should stop drinking coffee


  1. Weakening of the Stomach Lining
    It has been observed that the acidic effect
    coffee has on the stomach contributes to the
    weakening of the stomach lining. Drinking
    coffee also irritates the lining of the small
    intestine, consequentially leading to
    abdominal spasms and cramps often
    interchanging between constipation and
    diarrhea.
  2. Interference with Drug Metabolism and
    Detoxification
    Some constituents in coffee can meddle with
    normal drug metabolism and detoxification in
    the liver, making it hard to control the
    detoxification process in the liver.
    Eliminate coffee and caffeine from your system
    and see how truly energized you feel.
  3. Coffee and Its Laxative Effect
    The usage of coffee deliberately as a laxative
    whereby peristalsis is stimulated poses a
    problem to our health. Coffee also appears to
    enhance gastric emptying, whereby the
    stomach’s contents are quickly transferred
    into the small intestines, most times before
    the digesting food has been well broken down.
    In this somewhat digested state, it makes it
    much more complicated for nutrients to be
    absorbed from your food and it also redoubles
    the likelihood of irritation within the
    gastrointestinal tract.
  4. Your Kidneys and mineral absorption
    Coffee drinkers have problem getting adequate
    minerals from their diet, even when they take
    mineral rich meals. This is because coffee
    affects iron absorption in your stomach and
    the way your kidney retains calcium, zinc,
    magnesium and other important minerals.
    Although all this nutrients are very important
    for healthiness, any obstruction with
    magnesium assimilation is particularly nerve-
    racking as it is necessary to maintain bowel
    reliability.
  5. Stress and Tension
    Drinking too much coffee promotes the release
    of stress hormones such as cortisol and
    epinephrine. These hormones increase your
    heart rate, blood pressure and tension levels.
    The caffeine in coffee is known for the
    interruption of GABA metabolism. Gamma-
    Aminobutyric Acid is a neurotransmitter that
    regulates mood and stress levels.

http://nigerianfinder.com/5-reasons-why-coffee-is-bad-for-you/

five african food that can help you to lose weight easily


  1. Beans
    Beans contain a lot of protein and fiber, which
    help you to stay fuller. When you stay full, the
    amount of food you are able to consume is
    reduced, and so is the number of calories
    consumed. This helps to aid weight loss. In
    addition, the protein content of beans help to
    build more muscles, making you look more
    trimmed.
  2. Garlic
    Well, if you don’t mind the strong odour,
    garlic is also one very helpful weight loss
    food. Garlic is a very strong anti-oxidant and
    helps purge your intestine and body of toxins.
    Also, eating a few cloves of raw garlic every
    day can help you get a flat tummy. You could
    also use it in cooking your meals. If you
    cannot stand the smell, go for some raw garlic
    supplements, which are odourless.
  3. Brown rice
    The first tip you are most likely to get when
    you are trying to lose weight is to stay away
    from carbohydrates like white rice, yam, white
    bread, etc. But the average Nigerian can
    hardly do without consuming such foods.
    However, the good thing is that you can still
    lose weight. All you have to do is to switch
    from consuming white rice to consuming
    brown rice or Ofada rice, which contains
    complex carbohydrates and is rich in protein.
    It helps to speed up metabolism.
  4. Peanuts
    Snacking is a challenge for the average
    Nigerian trying to lose weight, as there are
    not so many healthy snacks to around.
    Peanuts are however a good option for
    snacking, as they contain a healthy amount of
    protein and fiber, as well as Vitamin E, which
    is very good for the skin.
  5. Watermelon
    Watermelon has fat reducing properties and is
    especially good for reducing belly fat. And
    because it contains very few calories per slice,
    it is very suitable as a snack.

http://nigerianfinder.com/10-best-nigerian-foods-for-weight-loss/

tips on how to keep your immune system strong / good shape


Don’t smoke.
– Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and
whole grains, and low in saturated fat.
– Exercise regularly.
– Maintain a healthy weight.
– Control your blood pressure.
– Drink alcohol only in moderation.
– Get enough sleep.
– Take steps to avoid infection.
– Get regular medical screening tests.

have you ever wondered why there is no cure for common cold?


The common cold is the most frequent disease
humans suffer from, and most people get a
cold at least once or twice a year.
A cold is a viral infection of the upper
respiratory tract and is characterised by fever,
coughing and sneezing, sore throat and a
runny nose. (Fever in colds is usually below
37.8°C.) There are many virus strains that can
cause colds, the most common of which are
rhinoviruses.
A cold, or any other disease for that matter,
can be dealt with in three ways:
1. “An ounce of prevention is better than a
pound of cure.” This means that the best way
to deal with a cold is not to get one in the
first place.
2. If, however, you’re unfortunate enough to
get a cold, the best way to deal with the
situation is to eliminate the cause of the
disease, or, in other words, cure it.
3. And if the disease can’t be cured, the only
option you’re left with is to treat the
symptoms and make yourself as comfortable
as possible.
Keep your immune system strong
A good way to avoid getting a cold is to stay
away from cold viruses. This is achieved by
avoiding contact with anyone who might be
contagious. It is also good to wash your
hands regularly, especially after spending time
in public areas.
Read: The dangers of not washing your hands
The best way to stay healthy, though, is to
make sure your immune system is strong
enough to ward off those cold viruses.
According to Harvard Medical School the
following general good-health guidelines is
the single best step you can take toward
keeping your immune system strong and
healthy:
– Don’t smoke.
– Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and
whole grains, and low in saturated fat.
– Exercise regularly.
– Maintain a healthy weight.
– Control your blood pressure.
– Drink alcohol only in moderation.
– Get enough sleep.
– Take steps to avoid infection.
– Get regular medical screening tests.
Can one cure a cold?
Many people believe that antibiotics can cure
a cold. This is wrong, because colds are
caused by viruses, not bacteria, so antibiotics
will have no effect. A study published in the
Journal of Clinical Microbiology on 200 young
adults with common colds showed that
“bacterial infections were rare, supporting the
concept that the common cold is almost
exclusively a viral disease”.
Furthermore, taking antibiotics when you don’t
need them can also lead to “ antibiotic
resistance ”.

What about a ‘cold shot’?
By creating immunity against a particular
disease, vaccination prevents us from getting
that disease. It is therefore more of a
preventive measure than a cure.
Millions of people take their yearly flu shot,
but cold vaccinations have proven not to be a
feasible option and a Cochrane review “has
found a lack of evidence on the effects of
vaccines for the common cold in healthy
people”.
According to Thomas, Smith, PhD, from the
University of Texas, there are over 100
serotypes of rhinovirus virus, “making it
unlikely that there will ever be a traditional
vaccine for the common cold using
conventional vaccine methods”.
Also, having a cold may be a nuisance, but it
is not a serious or life-threatening disease,
which is why it is not high on the list of
diseases that have to be cured.
Currently the best bet for an anti-cold
medicine may be something called broad-
spectrum antivirals, which would target a
number of different viruses. This research is
however in its infancy. In 2011 Draper
Laboratory in Cambridge developed a
compound called Draco , which “is designed to
treat or prevent infections by a broad
spectrum of viruses, just as existing
antibiotics can treat or prevent infections by a
broad spectrum of bacteria.”
Treating a cold
There is a long list of home remedies that may
or may not make you feel better. Here are a
few examples:
– Herbs like echinacea, goldenseal and
ginseng
– Ginger, honey and garlic
– Chicken soup
– Probiotics
– Gargling with salt water to ease a sore
throat
– Humidity
– “Vapor rub” to open up air passages
– Taking a warm bath
Zinc and vitamin C
There are studies that confirm that zinc
gluconate lozenges are effective for treating
the common cold. One randomized, double-
blind, placebo-controlled study found that
“zinc gluconate in the form and dosage
studied significantly reduced the duration of
symptoms of the common cold”.
Nobel Prize winner, Linus Pauling, was almost
single-handedly responsible for the belief that
vitamin C could significantly decrease the
incidence of the common cold. This gave rise
to the controversial belief that large doses of
vitamin C could reduce the risk of catching a
cold as well as reduce its severity and
duration.
From a medical point of view, it is therefore
safe to say that there is no cure for the
common cold , and apart from not getting a
cold in the first place, once we’ve got it,
there’s currently no getting rid of it. The only
option that remains is to wait for the illness
to run its course and to treat the symptoms
as effectively as possible.
.
http://m.news24.com/Health24/Medical/Flu/News/Why-theres-no-cure-for-the-common-cold-20150915

how to handle period pains


Although you might never look forward to that
time of the month, regular menstrual cramps
can make your period a drag — or even a
debilitating pain in the back, literally. These
strategies can help bring relief.
Turn up the heat. Take a hot bath, or place a
heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower
belly, just below your belly button, suggests
Sherry Thomas, MD, MPH, a gynecologist at
Los Angeles-based Mission Community
Hospital. Those stick-on heat packs that you
can find on drugstore shelves can work, too, if
you don’t have time to sit at home. Heat
opens vessels and improves blood flow, so
pain dissipates.
K.O. the caffeine. “We advise patients who
have a lot of menstrual cramps and PMS
symptoms to limit caffeine,” says Bart D.
Putterman, MD, an ob-gyn at Texas Children’s
Pavilion for Women in Houston. That means
no coffee or tea (unless it’s decaf) and no
caffeinated sodas, energy drinks, or chocolate.
Caffeine can constrict blood vessels, which can
cause cramps. Dr. Putterman says that some
women may find proactively avoiding caffeine
is best, but certainly avoid caffeine when
you’re having a rough time.
Go herbal. Red raspberry leaf tea might reduce
cramps, says Tosha Rogers, DO, an ob-gyn in
the Atlanta area. It may decrease bleeding,
which can mean less cramping. “Have a cup in
the morning with breakfast or before you go to
bed in the evening,” Dr. Rogers says. Avigael
Barnett, 27, of Brooklyn, N.Y., says that cramp
bark and black haw work for her cramps,
which can get as bad as being in full labor. “I
know it’s time to take some more when I feel
pain coming back,” Barnett says. She likes the
herbs because she doesn’t feel like “I’m
drugging myself up — it’s natural.” But there
is no good medical evidence that these herbs
are helpful for most people with cramps, and
the possible dangers of using them are not
known, so you should check with your ob-gyn
before trying them. For women who get water
retention along with cramps, dandelion tea
can be a great herbal remedy, says Sara
Chana, a classical homeopath and registered
herbalist in Brooklyn.
Indulge in aromatherapy massage. Massages
with lavender oil might be able to significantly
reduce pain, a study of Turkish students with
menstrual cramps published in the journal
Pain Management Nursing found. Another
study, done in Taiwan, found that acupressure
of the ear provided relief from cramps in teens.
Massage also helps you relax, Chana says,
adding that “the more tense you are, the more
you can cramp.”
Swing by the drugstore for OTC relief.
Researchers at Brown University recommend
trying non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
(NSAIDs) for at least three months to see
whether they provide relief from cramps.
Options include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin,
Nuprin) and naproxen (Aleve or Midol
Extended Relief). These NSAIDs probably are
most effective if you start them as soon as
you feel any kind of cramping and continue
taking them until the time when your
cramping normally stops, Putterman says.
Talk with your doctor about prescription
meds. If over-the-counter NSAIDs don’t help,
there are prescription-strength versions that
your doctor can prescribe, Putterman says. If
your pain is really debilitating, your doctor
may recommend oral contraceptives for cramp
relief — several studies have confirmed that
oral contraceptives also work to relieve cramp
pain.
Get moving. Putterman recommends regular
aerobic exercise that gets your heart rate up
and makes you break out in a sweat. “The
better shape you’re in and the more physically
active you are, the less likely you are to suffer
from chronic aches and pains, including
menstrual cramps,” he says. Exercise also
releases feel-good hormones known as
endorphins. “They don’t take away your pain,”
he says, “but they can make it so you don’t
care you have the pain.”
Bend and stretch with yoga. Yoga is high on
Dr. Thomas’s list of remedies that provide
relief from cramps. Poses that target the
pelvis and lumbar region, where period pain is
the worst, may be the most helpful.
Experiment with different yoga poses for pain
relief, and talk with a yoga instructor about
what might work best for you.
When to Stop Going It Alone
Although you might be able to relieve your
cramps with these remedies, don’t ignore your
pain if it doesn’t go away or if it becomes
more severe than normal. The following
symptoms could be warning signs of a more
serious health issue and merit a call to your
doctor:
Your pain lasts longer than you’re
accustomed to. “If your pain doesn’t go away
when your period stops, you should seek
medical help,” Putterman says.
-You have a fever.
-You start vomiting or feel nauseated.
-You’re bleeding more heavily than normal.
-You think you could be pregnant.
You don’t need to suffer from menstrual
cramps each month. Try these remedies and
consult with your doctor to find what works
best for you.

written by Dr evelyn

http://www.naijanewsrave.com/8-ways-to-reduce-period-pain/

why you should cut down on the rate at which you get angry


  1. Increased Risk of Heart Attack
    One of the greatest risks of a bad temper is an increased risk of a heart attack. Those with constant anger and stress have been shown to trigger a heart attack and, in the long term, it can lead to heart disease. This is due mainly to the fact that anger and anxiety lead to high blood pressure in most people. And, consistent high blood pressure is very dangerous to your heart health.
  2. Increased Risk of Stroke
    Studies have proven that increased stress, anger and a consistent bad temper can leave a person more at risk of a stroke, even triggering a stroke in some instances. This is a very serious side effect of a bad temper and should not be taken lightly. Strokes can be fatal or can leave a person without mobility or full brain activity.
  3. Increased Risk of Ulcers
    It is widely known that increased stress can lead to ulcers. Those with bad tempers seem to be under increased stress throughout much of their day. Developing ulcers can have adverse effects on your overall health and day to day living. Bleeding ulcers can become very harmful and can lead to other health problems.
  4. Stomach Problems
    Those with bad tempers have been noted to have a higher rate of other stomach problems, as well. This includes digestive problems, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), indigestion, heart burn and stomach cramps.
  5. Increased Risk of Frequent Illness
    Increased stress can take a huge toll on your immune system. Your immune system works to fight off colds and other sicknesses. Those with high stress due to a bad temper are at a higher risk of getting sick more often because of the decreased activity of the immune system.
  6. Headaches
    Studies have shown that people that have a bad temper are more prone to headaches. Because a temper can raise your blood pressure, you are more likely to develop a headache as a result. Controlling your anger is one way to decrease the number of headaches you have.
  7. Depression
    Studies have found a correlation between people with excess stress and a bad temper and an increased rate of depression. Depression is a serious illness that can hinder your day to day life and, if left untreated, can progressively get worse.
    If you or someone you know has a bad temper, you should work to lower that person’s stress through options like therapy, meditation or exercise.
    http://www.3fatchicks.com/7-negative-health-effects-of-a-bad-temper/

how to know if your partner has a sexually transmitted disease


although it can be very hard to decipher whether someone has an std: below is a list that can help you in identifying whether your partner is carrying an std:

handsomebeauty :

  1. Pain during urination
    This is usually a common symptom of sexually
    transmitted infections, caused by the
    ascension of bacteria from the reproductive
    organs into the bladder. This causes intense
    irritation of the inner lining of the bladder by
    toxins produced by the bacteria. This
    translates to intense burning sensation and
    pain during urination. When your partner
    complains of pain during urination or you
    notice it yourself, you may advise him or her
    to go for a test.
  2. Discharge from the vagina or the joystick
    This is another important way to know if your
    partner has STI. It is common with gonorrhea
    infection in men which lead to a creamy white
    discharge from the joystick with associated
    itching and intense pain on urination. If your
    partner complains or you notice any discharge
    from the vagina or the joystick, then it is a
    solid pointer that he/she has STI.
  3. Presence of sores around the genitals or the
    mouth
    The presence of any sore around the mouth or
    the genitals should give a suspicion of STI.
    Mouth sore may be indicative of herpes
    infection especially in people who practice
    MouthAction. Other STI like the dreaded
    syphilis infection also presents like a typical
    sore found on the joystick or inside the
    vagina.
  4. Painful sexual intercourse
    With adequate pre-intimacy, psychological
    readiness and increase fluid secretion by the
    cells lining the vagina, sexual intercourse
    should not be painful with a pleasurable
    experience. With STI, sex becomes painful due
    to the changes that occur with the vagina by
    the invading organisms. This can be as a
    result of dryness, internal sores, adhesions of
    surrounding structures commonly seen with
    PID and friability of the mucosa lining of the
    vagina. If your partner always complains of
    pain during sexual intercourse then it is
    advisable to consult a physician for proper
    assessment.
  5. Itching around the genitals
    This is an important sign that is often ignored
    by the patient and sexual partner. Studies
    have shown that more than 70% of genital
    itching without any other symptom turns out
    to be a sexually transmitted infection. This is
    caused by the local effect of the toxins
    produced by the bacteria on the cells of the
    affected area.
  6. Strong/ offensive vaginal odour during
    sexual intercourse
    Classically, the fishy odour experienced during
    sexual intercourse is highly suggestive of
    Bacterial Vaginosis. This is caused by certain
    organisms that colonize the internal
    reproductive organs of the female. The female
    reproductive organs should be devoid of any
    pungent, strong or offensive smell and as
    such, it is a way to know your partner may
    have STI.
  7. Abnormalities of menstruation
    It is very common to hear women complain of
    intermenstrual bleeding (vaginal bleeding
    between menses), heavy menstrual flow or
    painful menstruation, but very few people are
    aware that such symptoms may be indicative
    of an STI affecting the menstrual cycle of the
    patient. This also is a way to know if your
    partner has STI.
  8. Swollen/painful testis
    After unprotected sexual intercourse, micro-
    organisms may ascend into the testes from
    the urethra hence establishing an infection
    within the testes. This leads to severe pain
    and swollen testes. It is commonly
    accompanied with other symptoms like fever,
    anorexia, nausea and vomiting. However,
    swollen/ painful testes should be differentiated
    from twisting of the testis around its stalk
    because the latter is a medical emergency that
    needs a prompt surgical intervention. When
    you notice this condition in your partner, it’s a
    sign he’s probably infected.
    http://www.247frolic.net/2015/07/8-ways-
    to-know-your-partner-has-stistd.html

Tips on how to quit smoking


*.Quitting smoking is usually not that easy but still not impossible. It requires several attempts to kick the habit. Some of the tips are as:
*.Stay active by brisk walking and exercising.
*.Stay busy in doing hobbies or other activities.
*.Avoid alcohol.
*.Drink lots of fluids like water and juices etc.
*.Stay away from people and situations that are smoking or where there is urge to smoke.
*.Change your routine and habits.
*.Drink tea instead of coffee.
*.Try to eat food at different place or eat different foods.
*.Use substitutes- for instance sugarless gum or candy, carrot sticks etc.
*.Breathe deeply.
*.Keep reminding yourself benefits of stop smoking and reasons for quitting.
Due to the addictive elements of nicotine, majority of smokers fails to quit smoking even at repeated attempts.
Smokers should keep in mind that there is no single benefit, they are getting through smoking, and they smoke because they are addicted to it.
Not because they enjoy smoking and the only ones gaining BENEFITS from the increasing smokers around the world are tobacco companies.
Written by Syed Saqib