How to relate and work with annoying people.


Some people can be so annoying that sometimes you will feel like giving them a default factory resetting slap!.But dont worry,this article will show you how to adapt to their annoying lifestyle in pther to relate properly with them.
    How to relate and  work with annoying people

Every one of us has that boss, co-worker, client, customer or even friend that gets us annoyed at every given opportunity. The instinctive thing to do is to find a way to put a scissors to the relationship. But a business person can’t just do that, especially when there is monetary value involved.
Though they might not all apply in the same way, a few of these tips will help you deal with that person and get maximum benefits from the relationship
1. Control the amount of time spent with them. You might need to time your meetings with them. Let them know that you only have a specified amount of time to spend as you have other important things to take care of. Give them the impression that you are busy and have other stuff to do. When the amount of time you agreed to spend is up, leave.
2. Take notes and repeat. This one will particularly apply to an annoying boss or client. When they are giving instructions, take notes and repeat the instructions to them before leaving. This will help you avoid any ambiguities or misunderstandings as to the nature of things they want you to do. So the possibility of you being nagged at or disrespected for not doing what they wanted it limited.
3. Set Limits. Let them know their limits as per the kind of conversations they can have with you. Let there be clear boundaries between personal and work related issues. If the person tries to bring up something you do not want to talk about at that time, you could say something like “I’ll love to chat, but could please talk about work during work hours?”.
4. Politely let them know. No matter who they are, you should find a way to politely let them know what they do that annoys you. It might just have been a communication problem all the way. They may not have known that they annoy you at all. So, you could find a way to say something like “I know you mean well and you’re only trying to help me but I don’t like when you refer to my son in our discussions”.
5. Avoid arguments. Though some arguments could be beneficial, especially when parties are trying to reach a decision that’s best for everyone. But arguments with one that annoys you will hurt you more than it will help you. It will drain the energy out of you and you might never even feel like you have won. So if you feel the urge to argue with someone who annoys you at every opportunity, just let them state their point while you listen carefully, then state your points clearly, requesting the other person to let you get done before they talk. Once the conversation is starting to get argumentative, ask to be excused and send them a mail reiterating your viewpoint.
6. Remind yourself it will soon be over. One thing I do whenever I have to relate with an annoying boss or client is that I keep reminding myself that the meeting, day, week or dealing as the case may be will soon be over. So that gears me up to put in my best while it lasts, so I won’t have to get a backlash or redo whatever we’re doing together at the time.

Written by Iyebiye Olawuyi (ikeys)
http://opera.pulse.ng/bi/success-tips-how-to-work-with-annoying-people-id6375168.html

How artificial intelligence imparts our lives


We are on the verge of a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another unlike anything humankind has experienced before. The main driver for this technological revolution is Artificial Intelligence (AI).
Technological change driven by AI will change not only what we do but also who we are. It will affect our identity and all the issues associated with it: our sense of privacy, our notions of ownership, our consumption patterns, the time we devote to work and leisure, and how we develop our careers, cultivate our skills, and nurture relationships. But the development and applications of artificial intelligence can also present a dystopian threat to our collective and individual well being.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. While science fiction often portrays AI as robots with human-like characteristics, AI can encompass anything from Google’s search algorithms to IBM’s Watson to autonomous robots and weapons systems.
Artificial intelligence today is often referred to as narrow AI (or weak AI), which is designed to perform a narrow task (eg:facial recognition or only internet searches or driving a car). The other kind of Artificial Intelligence is termed general AI (AGI or strong AI) which is designed to “think,” and solve problems much like humans. While narrow AI may outperform humans at a specific task is, like playing chess or solving equations, AGI would outperform humans at nearly every cognitive task.
Artificial intelligence involves the attempt to make machines think in the way humans do. The famous Turing Test is a test for intelligence in a computer, requiring that a human being should be unable to distinguish the machine from another human being by using the replies to questions put to both. Arthur Samuel, a pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, defined machine learning as “the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed.” Machine Learning at its most basic is the practice of using algorithms to parse data, learn from it, and then make a conclusion or prediction.
Robots are autonomous or semi-autonomous machine applications of Artificial Intelligence that can act independently of external commands. Robots make use of artificial intelligence to improve their autonomous functions by learning. However, it is also common for robots to be designed with no capability to self-improve.
There are at least 33 types of Artificial Intelligence, examples of which you can read about at this link.
Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT)
Think of all the “smart” devices that exist in our world from phones to appliances and even entire buildings. These devices are all connected through the “cloud” to the Internet, with the capability of communicating with each other.
An estimated 25 billion connected “things” will be in use by 2020. 65% of approximately 1,000 global business executives surveyed say they agree organizations that leverage the internet of things will have a significant advantage. The IoT market is predicted to grow to $1.7 trillion by 2020, marking a compound annual growth rate of 16.9%.
Technology author Anthony D. Williams argues, “Virtually every animate and inanimate object on Earth could be generating and transmitting data, including our homes, our cars, our natural and man-made environments, and yes, even our bodies.”
The Dark Side of Artificial Intelligence
The question of the possibility of AI becoming malevolent or destructive has been raised. Experts think two scenarios most likely:
The AI device or program does something destructive: For example, autonomous weapons that are programmed to kill.
The AI is programmed to do something beneficial, but it develops a destructive method for achieving its goal: For example, an AI system is tasked with a ambitious geoengineering project, but it might wreak havoc with our ecosystem as a side effect, and view human attempts to stop it as a threat to be met.
In a paper published in the journal Science Robotics, researchers Sandra Wachter, Brent Mittelstadt, and Luciano Floridi point out that policing robotics is extremely difficult. And as artificial intelligence becomes more widespread, it’s going to become a greater problem for society.
In 2015, Elon Musk donated $10 million to, as reported in Wired magazine, “to keep A.I. from turning evil.” Musk, Bill Gates and Stephen Hawking have all issued warnings of the dark side of Artificial Intelligence, if we fail to control its development.
Artificial Intelligence Research and Applications
New “deep learning” artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are showing promise in performing medical work which until recently was thought only capable of being done by human physicians. For example, deep learning algorithms have been able to diagnose the presence or absence of tuberculosis (TB) in chest x-ray images with astonishing accuracy.
Researchers at Google were able to train an AI to detect spread of breast cancer into lymph node tissue on microscopic specimen images with accuracy comparable to (or greater than) human pathologists. Similarly, neural networks have shown to be (slightly) better than human physicians at detecting changes of diabetes in images of patient’s retinas. In other words, these early investigations into deep learning medical AI demonstrate that the algorithms can do as well as (if not better than) expert human physicians in some fields of medical diagnosis and prognosis.
Here’s a sample of the kinds of AI research and applications that either currently exist or are in development:
Researchers at Vanderbilt, Virginia Tech and Yale universities have discovered that brain scans can reveal a criminal suspect’s ‘state of knowledge’ (shades of the movie Minority Report);
Despite the common preconception that creating emotionally intelligent computers is something that won’t happen until far into the future, computers can already augment — and in some cases even replace — emotional intelligence Sony has announced plans to create customer service robots that will develop emotional bonds with customers; And apps like Cogito use AI to guide human agents in using more emotional intelligence as they work with customers;
AI versions of therapists have accurately predicted suicidal patients, depressive behavior, and criminality;
Scientists at the University of Oxford have developed software that can read lips correctly 93.4 per cent of the time – a level that far surpasses the best professionals;
In a significant step forward for artificial intelligence, Alphabet’s hybrid system — called a Differential Neural Computer (DNC) or DeepMind, is now capable of teaching itself based on information it already possesses;
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has upgraded its approach to surveillance by focusing on a new “technology-first” strategy that sees it using deep learning, neural networks to scan big data in order to predict when and where trouble is likely to occur in the US;
DeepMind’s AlphaGo Artificial Intelligence has won the final match of the Go series against world champion Lee Sedol. The 3,000-year-old Chinese board game has proved notoriously hard to master for AI developers due to the sheer number of possible moves;
Australian scientists have built an artificial intelligence system that can predict whether or not you will die soon by looking at images of your organs with about 69% accuracy.
For an expanded description of 59 things Artificial Intelligence can do, go here.
Robotics
The word “Robotics” was first used by Isaac Asimov, an acclaimed science fiction writer. Asimov also devised the “Three Laws of Robotics” that define how robots should interact with humans.
We can define a robot as “any automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance or perform functions in a humanlike manner.” A robot designed specifically to look and act like a human, particularly if it has an external skin-like surface and facial expressions is called an Android.
China is already the world’s largest producer of industrial robots, supplying about 27% of the global market since 2015. It’s also the largest buyer of robots.
Here are some examples of the research and use of robots currently:
Researchers are working to build humanoid robots that can sense the world and give robots human-level navigation abilities. The robots will use a combination of tactile sensors, gyroscopes, cameras, and microphones to enhance their sensing abilities and use that data to understand the world;
Scientists created fleshy “bio-bots” made of living cells which can wriggle and walk. FEDOR — short for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research — is a humanoid robot developed by Android Technics and the Advanced Research Fund. The multi-talented bot can drive a car, use various tools (including keys), screw in light bulbs, and even do pushups. It has also proven capable of working in extreme conditions. Now, FEDOR has added shooting handguns to its skill set;
China’s new robot police officers have started patrolling streets. The E-Patrol Robot Sheriff is able to track and follow potential criminals or suspicious people via facial recognition, according to the Economic Daily. Besides fighting crime, the robot officer is also capable of monitoring air quality and temperature, and is supposed to be able to track potential criminal activity, safety hazards and potential fires. Dubai’s government is introducing a “new fleet of intelligent police androids” that will be patrolling streets, malls and other crowded public spaces in 2017;
The U.S. Defense Department is designing robotic fighter jets that would fly into combat alongside manned aircraft. It has tested missiles that can decide what to attack, and it has built ships that can hunt for enemy submarines, stalking those it finds over thousands of miles, without any help from humans;
Sometimes referred to as “cloud robotics,” networks of robots are already teaching one another about what they learn as they interact with the world. This co-evolution could occur rapidly and enable robots to quickly become even more physically and mentally capable of engaging with the world than any single human being;
The company, Soul Machines, has created a virtual chatbot called Nadia that can not only portray human emotion, but also read human facial expressions.
A new Tokyo hotel staffed mostly by robots and automatons, has recently opened. Nine types of robots help with check-ins, clean the lobby, and entertain guests;
Researchers at the University of Utah have developed a surgery-assisting robot capable of performing complex brain surgeries. The machine can reduce the time of surgeries by cutting down the time it takes to cut into the skull from two hours to two and a half minutes;
A company, PassivDom, uses a 3D printing robot that can print the walls, roof, and floor of a 380-square-foot model home in about eight hours. When complete, the homes are autonomous and mobile, meaning they don’t need to connect to external electrical and plumbing systems;
Harmony is a sexbot – a silicone sex robot with artificial intelligence (AI) who looks human, feels human and responds in an eerily human way.
Artificial intelligence, Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)
Virtual reality (VR), which can be referred to as immersive multimedia or computer-simulated reality, replicates an environment that simulates a physical presence in places in the real world or an imagined world, allowing the user to interact in that world. Virtual reality is the umbrella term for all immersive experiences, which could be created using purely real-world content, purely synthetic content or a hybrid of both. CG VR is an immersive experience created entirely from computer-generated content. CG VR can be either pre-rendered and therefore not reactive—in this way it is very similar to 360° video—or rendered in real time using a games engine. Augmented reality (AR) is a live, direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data.
VR headsets—such as Sony’s Morpheus, or Facebook’s Oculus Rift—block out the surrounding world and, making use of an old trick called stereoscopy, show slightly different images of each to a user’s eyes. That fools his brain into creating an illusion of depth, transforming the pair of images into a single experience of a fully three-dimensional world. Motion trackers, either mounted on the headset or externally, keep track of the users’ head, updating the view as he moves it around; optional hand controllers allow him to interact with virtual objects. The result is a reasonably convincing illusion of being somewhere else entirely.
Augmented reality, by contrast, does not dispense with the real world, but uses computers to improve it in various ways. AR, by design, maintains its users’ connection with the real world, and that means that a headset is not necessary. Heads-up displays are an early example of AR, but there are others: VeinViewer, for instance, is a medical device that projects images of a patients’ veins onto his skin, to help doctors aim injections.
Google has developed Expeditions, a virtual reality platform built for classrooms. Students can use Cardboard to take guided tours of famous cities like Barcelona, Spain, or inaccessible places like space.
The Virtual Reality Medical Center (VRMC)
specializes in VR exposure therapy, particularly in the treatment of fear of flying. The center utilizes a real, repurposed commercial airliner seat. Patients undergoing psychotherapy are belted into the seat and equipped with a head-mounted display, at which point they are taken through the entire experience of a flight, from take-off to safe landing.
Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity
Cyberspace is an increasingly hostile environment. In 2015, a PwC study of U.S. organizations found that 79 percent of respondents had detected a security incident during the year.Cyber-attackers are leveraging automation technology to launch strikes, while
many organizations are increasingly using AI to aggregate internal security findings and contextualizing them with external threat information. Unveiled to the world in April, AI-Squared is a collaborative project between MIT’s Computer Science and AI Laboratory (CSAIL) and a machine-learning startup known as PatternEx. Its function – to identify cyber-attacks.
Artificial Intelligence and the New Workplace
AI technology is and will continue to be a major disruptor in the workplace and jobs. In January 2016, the World Economic Forum released a report predicting AI, machine learning, and other nascent technologies will spur a so-called “Fourth Industrial Revolution” that replaces 5.1 million jobs by 2020. According to the report, jobs across every industry and every geographical region in 15 of the world’s largest economies — Australia, Brazil, Germany, China, Japan, the UK and the US, among others — will be affected. Six jobs are eliminated for every robot introduced into the workforce, a new study says.
In 2013, Oxford University researchers In a published paper titled: “The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerization”
C.B. Frey and M.A. Osborne, researchers at Oxford University, created a model that calculates the probability of substituting a worker in a given sector. Frey and Osborne conclude machines may replace 47% of active workers in the future. Of 1,896 prominent scientists, analysts, and engineers questioned in a recent Pew survey on the future of jobs, 48% of them said the AI revolution will be a permanent job killer on a vast scale. The Bank of England has warned that within the coming decades as many as 80 million jobs in the U.S. could be replaced by robots.
A team of researchers led by Katja Grace of Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute
surveyed several hundred machine-learning experts to get their educated guess. The researchers used the responses to calculate the median number of years it would take for AI to reach key milestones in human capabilities. Overall, the respondents believe there is a 50% chance that AI beats humans at all tasks in 45 years and will automate all human jobs within 120 years. Experts believe artificial intelligence will be better than humans at all tasks within 45 years, according to a new report.
One of the surprises of AI in the last 50 years is that people thought we would start by automating the trivial things, like construction work or cleaning toilets and the hardest things would be what doctors and lawyers do. It actually turns out to be exactly the opposite. Doctors and lawyers are much easier to automate than street sweepers.
Obviously, the major question we must answer is what will people do if large numbers of jobs are taken by Artificial Intelligence programs or robots? Millions of white-collar workers could now be at risk according to politicians and business leaders meeting at the World Economic Forum. In his book, Rise of the Robots, Martin Ford describes the social and economic disruption that is likely to result when educated workers can no longer find employment.
Futurist Jeremy Rifkin contends we are entirely a new phase in history, one characterized by a steady and inevitable decline of jobs. He says the world of work is being polarized into two forces: One, an information elite that controls the global economy; and the other, a growing number of displaced workers.
AI and Management in Organizations
In the years ahead, everyone from doctors, lawyers and scientists to journalists, will find themselves working with, and may be replaced by Artificial Intelligence machines. Computers are becoming increasingly capable of making decisions, taking complex actions, and performing “knowledge work.”
An Economist special report, “The Future of Jobs,” described how entire professions will be impacted through automation and AI. Accounting and auditing examples of business functions which can increasingly be done by expert AI systems, putting these professions at risk, at least in their current form. Middle management decision making processes based on financials are similarly capable of being driven by AI algorithms.
At a Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Leadership Summit on Big Data, an expert panel briefly discussed the implications of AI advances in terms of management. As an example, airline autopilots were raised as a domain where computer decision making surpasses human decision making. Similarly, with rapid advances in computer driven automobiles, such as Google car, we are now within generational sight of the obsolescence of human drivers.
Managers might like to believe that they have better hiring judgment than a computer, but a
working paper (paywall) from the National Bureau of Economic Research suggests otherwise. The researchers looked at the employment record of 300,000 low-skill service sector workers across 15 companies. The jobs had low retention rates, with the average worker lasting just 99 days, but researchers found that employees stayed in the job 15% longer when an algorithm was used to judge their employability.
Which white collar professions may be immune to AI and automation? In essence, professions which help people find and pursue ‘meaning’ and fulfillment will be increasingly necessary. For example, ‘divinity consultants’ may work with people to help connect them to a religious tradition to which they will develop a personal connection. And imagine ‘leisure time advisors’ and ‘experience orchestrators’ – a hypothetical mixture of tourism specialist, hobby advisor, and therapist. Leisure time is increasingly a precious resource for which technology will compete for attention. Those who can manage the connection of personal desires and
happiness to new technical possibilities will be in demand. But traditional jobs that are routinized and susceptible to algorithms can be replaced by AI and robots.
A study from the Human-Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Manitoba, suggests that you’ll probably obey a robot boss nearly as predictably as you would a human. The researchers found humans willing to take orders from computers, but much less readily from other humans.
McKinsey’s Rik Kirkland, Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee argue senior managers are far from obsolete. As machine learning progresses at a rapid pace, top executives will be called on to create the innovative new organizational forms needed to crowd source the far-flung human talent that’s coming online around the globe. Those executives will have to emphasize their creative abilities, their leadership skills, and their strategic thinking to a much greater degree.
AI sophistication will expand into many HR functions. For example, Jobaline, a job-placement site, uses intelligent voice analysis algorithms to evaluate job applicants. The algorithm assesses paralinguistic elements of speech, such as tone and inflection, predicts which emotions a specific voice will elicit, and identifies the type of work at which an applicant will likely excel.
Advances in technology are causing firms to restructure their organizational makeup, transform their HR departments, develop new training models, and reevaluate their hiring practices. This is according to Deloitte’s 2017 Human Capital Trends Report, which draws on surveys from over 10,000 HR and business leaders in 140 countries. Many of these changes are a result of the early penetration of basic AI software, as well as preparation for the organizational needs that will emerge as they mature.
A survey done by the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of Software and Society shows people expect artificial intelligence machines to be part of a company’s board of directors by 2026.
A report by MIT published in Sloan Review makes this provocative statement: “An inevitable shift in which a parent-to-child way of looking at the relationship between the manager and his or her team would be questioned and ultimately superseded by an adult-to-adult form. The nexus of this more adult relationship concerns how commitments are made and how information is shared. When technology enables many people to have more information about themselves and others, it’s easier to take a clear and more mature view of the workplace. Self-assessment tools, particularly those that enable people to diagnose what they do and how they do it, can help employees pinpoint their own productivity issues. They have less need for the watchful eyes of a manager.” One could easily imagine that the “the end of management” is in sight — crushed by peer feedback, pushed out by specialist roles, disintermediated by powerful platforms, and exposed by social network analysis.
The Universal Basic Income
One of the possible solutions to the massive unemployment that could result from the implementation of Artificial Intelligence in the workplace is the institution of a “Universal Basic Income,” in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive a regular, unconditional sum of money, either from a
government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from elsewhere. And it would replace the current system of social welfare payments.
Finland, France, and Canada have already approved pilot tests for government-provided universal basic income, something Elon Musk has said will be an inevitable necessity as A.I. spreads. Basic income has been tested for decades. Last month, Finland voted to give the system a try starting in 2016. In the Netherlands, it has been spreading rapidly since the Dutch city of Utrecht launched an experimental program earlier this summer. The US even tested out a system in the 1960s under the Nixon administration, although the experiment eventually fizzled. But just recently the state of Hawaii passed legislation for the Universal Basic Income for state residents. For four years, in the small Canadian town of Dauphin, residents making less than $13,800 annually were given $4,800 per year to supplement their income. During this time, the population saw a decline in the number of mental health-related visits to the doctor and fewer hospital admissions due to “accident and injury,” as well as few mental health diagnoses in general. These findings were also corroborated by a similar program implemented nearly two decades later on Cherokee land in the United States.
French policy analysts Nicolas Colin and Bruno Palier recommend that other countries adopt the Nordic model of “flexicurity” in which benefits are decoupled from jobs. By guaranteeing access to health care, housing and training, “people won’t be so terrified of switching jobs or losing a job,” they say in another Foreign Affairs piece.
Tesla CEO Elon Musk, Y Combinator President Sam Altman, and Facebook Cofounder Chris Hughes have all endorsed basic income. (Altman and Y Combinator are leading a basic-income trial in Oakland, California).
Artificial Intelligence and Education
To a significant degree, the Artificial Intelligence revolution will make obsolete, or at least, require us to rethink the current system of education and workplace training and development.
“In next century, schools as we know them will no longer exist,” says a feature in The Age publication, based in Melbourne, Australia. “In their place will be community-style centers operating seven days a week, 24 hours a day.” Computers will become an essential ingredient in the recipe for an effective school of the future. Students, The Age asserts, will see and hear teachers on computers, with “remote learning” the trend of tomorrow. Accessing “classrooms” on their home computers, students will learn at times most convenient for them. Yet some attendance at an actual school will be required to help students develop appropriate social skills.
In the 2011 book The Innovative University, Clayton Christensen, a professor of business administration at Harvard, argues that universities could be overtaken by competitors if they fail to adopt new technologies. Children need to learn social and emotional skills if they are to thrive in the workplace of the future, a World Economic Forum report has found.
The new research shows that as the digital economy transforms the workplace, Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) skills such as
collaboration, communication and problem solving will become ever more important as more traditional roles are mechanized. With more than half of children now entering school expected to work in jobs that don’t yet exist, adaptability is becoming a core skill.
A 48-page report titled “Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence ” concludes it is time to stop thinking of higher education as an experience that people take part in once during their young lives — or even several times as they advance up the professional ladder — and begin thinking of it as a platform for lifelong learning. Colleges and universities need to be doing more to move beyond the array of two-year, four-year, and graduate degrees that most offer, and toward a more customizable system that enables learners to access the learning they need when they need it. This will be critical as more people seek to return to higher education repeatedly during their careers, compelled by the imperative to stay ahead of relentless technological change.
Here are some ways in which Artificial Intelligence will have a huge impact on both the structure and delivery of higher education:
AI can create unique learning pathways for individual learners in MOOCs and blended and online learning;
AI could allow researchers to bring together vast amounts of data for the benefit of learners and advancement of knowledge;
AI could provide the opportunity for global classrooms and connect learners globally;
Intelligent Tutor Systems also can provide timely guidance, feedback and explanations to the learner and can promote productive learning behaviors, such as self-regulation, self-monitoring, and self-explanation. Furthermore, Intelligent Tutor Systems can also prescribe learning activities at the level of difficulty and with the content most appropriate for the learner;
AI can help organize and synthesize content to support content delivery. Known as deep learning systems, technology can read, write and emulate human behavior. For example, Dr. Scott R. Parfitt’s Content Technologies, Inc. (CTI) enables educators to assemble custom textbooks. Educators import a syllabus and CTI’s engine populates a textbook with the core content;
Leading-edge technologies like wearable devices, apps, and virtual reality can also improve SEL skills. Wearables are already being used to help students manage their emotions and build communication skills, while virtual reality can be used to take children on virtual field trips that build curiosity and improve critical thinking;
In recent years, thanks to online services, students have been able to get help from peers thousands of miles away. Now with the help of AI and Machine Learning, finding remote help is becoming even easier. Brainly, a social network that helps millions of students collaborate, is exploring the power of AI on its platform.
Artificial Intelligence and Training and Development
In the future of work, the most important skill is to be able to learn how to learn. The amount of knowledge available and the skills needed to be successful in the workplace are constantly changing, and the best employees know how to find the information they need and continually be honing their skills to be at the top of their game.
The corporate training market, which is over $130 billion in size, is about to be disrupted. Companies are starting to move away from their Learning Management Systems (LMS), buy all sorts of new tools for digital learning, and rebuild a whole new infrastructure to help employees learn. Programs such as GSuite, Microsoft Teams, Slack, and Workplace by Facebook are growing quickly. Axonify and Qstream can “space learning” based on your job and prescribe small nuggets just as needed. This is pushing vendors like Workday, Oracle, SuccessFactors, SumTotal and others are now reinventing the LMS — focusing on developing video-learning platforms that feel more like YouTube than an educational course catalog.
Deloitte Human Capital Trends’ newest research shows that “reinventing careers and learning” is now the #2 issue in business (followed only by reorganizing the company for digital business), creating urgency and budget in this area.
Walmart is betting big on virtual reality to help improve its employee training techniques, and it’s turned to a new company to help. TechCrunch is reporting that Walmart plans to install VR training platforms at each of its 200 Academy training centers across the U.S. by the end of the year. Each will have an Oculus Rift and a VR-ready PC to run it on.
Within the contemporary organization, staff-
coaching processes continue to evolve. This is achieved by migrating towards newer technologies and software systems that will adequately assist with a more dynamic mode of providing staff-training and development. Ari Kopoulos, writing for EmployeeConnect.com, says that “AI programs offer HR departments ways to train their staff, earn certifications, cross-train and learn new skills.” What is instinctive of AI-enriched software programs, is that they allow staff to engage in self-directed progress with their training, at their own comfortable pace.
ValeurHR.com points out AI-enriched learning systems are now beginning to offer “customizable employee-related training based on individual performance”. The impact of advancements like this will be numerous: can you imagine the gratification to be gained from knowing that each employee in your organization has access to their ‘own personal mentor?
John Seely Brown, former Chief Scientist at Xerox and Director of its Palo Alto Research Center argues “We must re-invent the workplace as a ‘learningscape.’” He goes on to say that we should build urban learning initiatives such as “Cities of Learning’’—a new movement in which employers, libraries, and museums are wired together to help kids find their interests outside school and pick up new skills—or networks of partners in the corporate world. A powerful example of this kind of learning is the use of GitHub and/or other open source communities. Or another: A rather conservative company, SAP, created an extended open source network that has a couple million participants who are learning with and from each other.
Paul Rosenbloom, professor of computer science at the University of Southern California is beginning to apply his AI platform, Sigma, to the ICT’s Virtual Humans program, which creates interactive, AI-driven 3D avatars. A virtual tutor with emotion, for instance, could show genuine enthusiasm when a student does well and unhappiness if a student is slacking off. “If you have a virtual human that doesn’t exhibit emotions, it’s creepy. It’s called uncanny valley, and it won’t have the impact it’s supposed to have,” Rosenbloom says.
Both Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) have an important place in the Artificial Intelligence revolution as it applies to education, training and development. The practical applicability of virtual reality and augmented reality in eLearning is a hotly discussed topic right now. A recent report produced by Horizon 2016, one of the most respected analytical groups, dedicates a number of pages to the question of using augmented and virtual reality in education. For now, potential applications in the fields of physics and medicine show the most promise. This being said, what good can these newfangled technologies do? First of all, virtual reality can transport students to the farthest corners of the observable universe in the blink of an eye and immerse them in a deep and engaging educational environment. Great motivational potential is another major benefit. Which is cooler? To read pages upon pages of text accompanied by black and white illustrations, or to find yourself on Mars and gather soil samples by hand? By the way, that was a rhetorical question.
In Summary: As you can see from the brief descriptions of the developments in Artificial Intelligence, they will have an enormous impact our personal and work lives. In the process, there will be much disruption, but it’s unlikely we will be able to stop this Fourth Industrial Revolution. But it does provide us with the opportunity to address ethical, moral, legal and social issues, including a proactive role of government in ensuring these developments are for the benefit of people.
Copyright, 2017 by Ray Williams.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wired-success/201706/how-artificial-intelligence-will-impact-our-lives

Exercises for building mental strenght


Exercises for building mental strenght
  Exercises for   building mental strenght
Whether you’re tempted to give in to that craving for a cupcake, or you’re about to give up on your goals, perseverance isn’t easy. But before you blame your lack of God-given willpower and before you make an excuse for your less than stellar performance, consider this; it only takes a few minutes a day to build the mental muscle you need to reach your greatest potential.
Building mental strength is similar to building physical strength. Doing 50 push ups a day would only take a few minutes of your time, but doing it consistently would help you build a tremendous amount of upper body strength.
The same can be said with your mental muscle. In just a few minutes each day, you can train your brain to think differently, manage your emotions, and behave productively. With consistent exercise, you’ll build mental strength.
While there are many exercises that can help you grow stronger, here are three exercises that will help you build mental muscle in five minutes or less:
1. Identify three things you’re grateful for.
Counting your blessings—as opposed to your burdens—has a big impact on your psychological health. Studies consistently show
gratitude increases happiness and reduces
depression.
Make gratitude a daily habit by intentionally identifying three things you are grateful for in your life. It could be as simple as feeling thankful for the clean water that comes out of your faucet or appreciating the cool breeze on a warm day.
Studies show you can physically change your brain by making gratitude a habit. Write in a gratitude journal, list the things you feel grateful for over dinner, or make it a habit to identify what you’re thankful for before you go to bed. Over time, being thankful becomes like second
nature and you’ll experience benefits ranging from improved sleep to better immunity.
2. Practice mindfulness.
It’s impossible to stay strong when you’re rehashing something that happened last week or when you’re predicting horrible things are going to happen tomorrow. Mindfulness is about staying present in the moment. And since the only time you can change your behavior is right now, it’s important to be able to focus on the here-and-now.
Science shows mindfulness has a multitude of physical and psychological benefits. Among those benefits are reduced stress and a more compassionate inner dialogue.
So take a minute to just focus on what’s going on around you. Listen to see what sounds you can hear. Look around the room and see what you notice. Do a quick scan of your body and pay attention to how it feels.
With regular practice, you’ll increase your ability to focus—which is tough to do in today’s fast-paced world. And you’ll also be able to enjoy each moment because you’ll be less distracted by yesterday’s problems and tomorrow’s worries.
3. Act “as if.”
It can be tempting to wait until you feel different to make a change. But waiting until you feel good about yourself before applying for a promotion or waiting until you feel happy to invite your friends out for a night on the town could backfire.
Instead, studies show you should behave like the person you want to become. When you change your behavior, your thoughts and your emotions will follow.
When you’re sad you might hunch your shoulders and look at the floor. Doing so keeps you in a depressive state. Put your shoulders back and smile, however, and you’ll feel an instant boost in your mood.
And don’t expect feelings of confidence to come out of nowhere. Instead, ask yourself, how can I act confident? Acting like a confident person, even when you’re filled with self-doubt, helps you feel surer of yourself. And research shows acting confident even increases other people’s confidence in you.
Try asking yourself what would a mentally strong person do? Then, act as if you feel strong already. And you’ll grow a little stronger.
Do Your Mental Push Ups
Every day is an opportunity to develop some mental muscle. Simple, short exercises performed consistently over time will help you build mental strength.
Additionally, pay attention to the bad habits that rob you of mental strength. Feeling sorry for yourself, giving up after your first failure, and giving away your power are just a few of the bad habits that could wreak havoc on your mental weight lifting routine. Giving up those unhealthy habits will help you work smarter, not harder.
Written by Amy Morin
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/what-mentally-strong-people-dont-do/201705/3-exercises-build-mental-strength-in-just-5-minutes

Lateness to church activities


This article was written to address the issue of lateness among members and visitors to churches.
     Lateness to church
LATENESS TO CHURCH

Ever since I was born, I have not seen many people arrive late to the airport when they are traveling. In fact, when the plane is taking off at 11:00pm, the person will be at the airport by 7:00pm, wow!

That’s how much people value travelling overseas!!

Same when they have to go to court they will be at that Court not less than 30 minutes before the appointed time.

But on a Sunday morning when Church has long begun, that’s when you see men and women with ‘swag’ gliding like a wounded tortoise to Church.

They know they are late,

Church starts at 10:00 am but people will come at 10:30am or 11: 00 am why? They think all they need is just to be present and show their faces to their friends.

Just take the test to call them on Monday at 5:30 or 6:00 am , you’ll realise they are already on their way to work and some will be there already.

Know this today, anytime you go to Church one minute late, you have NOT attended Church at all.

If Christ is saying ‘where
two or three are gathered, I’m in their midst’, you think He comes late? The time you give is the time He keeps.

What does it mean to arrive late to Church?

1) Disrespect to Christ
2) Betrayal of Christ
3) Disregard to the Church and the Pastor
4) Interruption of an eternal program

God bless you.
Very important. Forward to as many Christians you know. We must deal with this situation in the church.

4 Lessons to be learnt from defeat & failure


This article was written to show you 4 Lessons to be learnt from defeat or failure.
  Lessons to be learnt from defeat & failure
Lets be honest no one loves defeat. Being defeated can be very painful especially if its something that you gave your best . Every situation nomatter how bad it seems has atleast one hidden advantage attached to it. Nothing is completely useless because even a faulty clock shows the correct time twice in a day.
So what are the benefits or lessons that can be derived from defeat or setbacks? i can think of at least four valuable lessons failure gives us.

(1)It is a great teacher: failure or defeat serves as an eye opener that opens your eyes to the true situation of things. You discover who your true friends are and you learn how to correct your mistakes in other prevent the same thing from happening again.

(2)Defeat builds character: defeat is not a good thing but it changes your character and the way you think. At this point you either develop the habit of giving up or perseverance in fighting for your dreams.

(3)It motivates you: if you develop an attitude of optimism you will start seeing defeat merely as an invitation to try again.

(4)It helps u appreciate success: there is a saying that you dont know the value of what you have till you lose it. When failure or defeat knocks on your door you will automatically learn to value that goal when you succede.

IT IS A GREAT TEACHER….Yes,defeat is a great teacher. Every winner has played the looser. Every champion has been the runner-up.Roger Federer is considered one of the best tennis players of all time,but he doesn’t win every game,set or match. He hits bad shots into the net.He slams, serves out of bounds. He fails to place the tennis ball where he wants it dozens of times in every match. If Roger gave up in every failed shot he did he would have been a failure. Instead,he learnt from his mistakes and improved and That’s why he is a champion today. Work hard,practice,Master the fundamentals,and always try to do your best knowing that sometimes you will fail because if you have never failed then its because you have never tried to succeed. Don’t be too hard on yourself. When things don’t go as planned please dont give up,dont kill yourself ,keep on improving.
Don’t give up because you were turned down,though it hurts remember that the road to success is not always smooth . Nothing good comes easy. Once you accept that perfection is just a goal,screwing up wont be too bad to handle. Each misstep is still a step,another lesson learned,another opportunity to get it right the next time.Have a great day ahead!
Written by Mercy ogbonna /introductory notes by God’spower excellence

why you wont die if you eat mangoes with coke or garri


This article was written to disprove the rumour that says that a person will die if they eat mangoes after drinking garri.
  why you wont die if you eat mangoes with coke or garri
I remember thos days when we were still innocent little kids. Grown-ups for reasons best known to themselves loved to play mind games with our little brains. We were told all types of unbelievable stories that scared the hell out of us.most of these stories turned out to be false as we grew up in reasoning. One of the conspiracy theories was that instant death awaits any man or woman that was stupid enough to take a combination of mango and garri or coke. Ofcourse i loved mangoes, !coke,fanta And i knew that most people incorporate garri into their meals everyday especially in africa. It was a very big puzzle to me how two edible food substances would end up magically transforming into a high definition poisonous substance that was capable of killing people instantly. When the puzzle failed to fall into place ,i decided to taste the 2 combination to see if i will really die (well that was childish) but i’m still alive today😜.
.
I know you must be wondering how this rumour began especially when you receive messages from friends on whatsap like>

” Recently an Indian tourist to China, ate few mango (fanas) and immediately thereafter consumed Coca Cola. Within short time he collapsed. He was taken to hospital and was declared dead. The Doctor then revealed that After mango, no aerated drinks should be consumed “as this combination turns into very potent poison, instantly capable of killing a human. This is season for mango and our family or friends should not commit this mistake. by taking such soft drinks such as Coke, Pepsi etc…should, if at all, be consumed at least after 8 hours of eating mango, as this fruit takes a lot of time to get fully digested. Please share with family, and with those whom you care for.”
.
Outline:
Circulating message warns you not to consume aerated drinks such as Coca Cola after eating mangos because the two combined can form a potent poison that can cause instant death. The message relates the story of an Indian tourist who died after eating mangos and consuming Coke.
Brief Analysis:
The claims are utter nonsense. There are no credible medical or news reports that confirm the story in any way. Mangos and Coke do not and cannot combine to form a deadly poison as claimed. These are foods that are eaten together by many thousands of people around the world with no ill effect whatsoever.
Example:
Recently an Indian tourist to China, ate few mango (fanas) and immediately thereafter consumed Coca Cola. Within short time he collapsed. He was taken to hospital and was declared dead. The Doctor then revealed that After mango, no aerated drinks should be consumed “as this combination turns into very potent poison, instantly capable of killing a human.This is season for mango and our family or friends should not commit this mistake. by taking such soft drinks such as Coke, Pepsi etc…should, if at all, be consumed at least after 8 hours of eating mango, as this fruit takes a lot of time to get fully digested.Please share with family, and with those whom you care for
Detailed Analysis:
According to a would-be warning that is circulating via social media, you should never drink aerated beverages such as Coca Cola after eating mangos because the combination of the two can kill you. The message cites a case in which an Indian tourist in China died after eating mangos and then consuming Coca Cola straight after. It warns that aerated drinks and mangos combined can turn into a very potent poison that is ‘instantly capable of killing a human’.
However, the claims in the supposed warning are utter nonsense. Both mangos and coke are products that are consumed by a great many people all around the world every single day. And, they will very often be consumed together. Given the popularity of the two products, a great many people in many different locations would have died from consuming them if the poison claims were true. Yet, there are no credible news or medical reports that support the claims that people have died after drinking coke and eating mangos. And, of course, if the claims were true, official warnings about consuming the products together would be widely publicised via food and drink labels and websites, government health advisories, and news reports all around the world.
There is no scientific basis to the claim that aerated soft drink and mangos can somehow magically combine to create a deadly poison. It seems likely that the callous prankster who launch this silly hoax simply made up the story. It is quite similar to another recent hoax that falsely claims that consuming Mentos and Coke together leads to instant death from cyanide poisoning.
Sharing this hoax warning will do nothing other than spread fear and alarm. If the hoax comes your way, do not share it on your networks. And, please let the sender know that the claims in the warning are untrue.
.
written by Brett M. Christensen/introductory note by God’spower excellence
http://www.hoax-slayer.net/mangos-and-coke-death-warning-hoax/

Masturbation: causes,dangers ,effect and solution


This article was written to show the causes,dangers ,effect and solution to the dangerous habit of masturbation.
   Masturbation: causes,dangers ,effect and solution
I get lots of questions on masturbation most especially from ladies -yes, ladies masturbate a lot, especially virgins. Guys also masturbate. There is no debate on that. I’m not here to argue about who masturbates most, I need to deal with a serious issue.
Sexual urge for virgins is strong. What makes it stronger is the novelty, newness, the mystery and the hear-says about sex.
Masturbation is handling/rubbing/squeezing your genitals consistently to achieve orgasm. Ladies may stroke their female-core while guys rub, massage or caress their sexual-organ. I decided to give explicit explanation because some ask me what masturbation is. Some ladies especially non-virgins use candles, banana, small bottles, sticks, dildos or whatever represents a male sexual organ and do solo sex (having sex by yourself).
From teenage upward, you will have a strong desire for sex. It’s a sure sign you are normal and capable of having and enjoying sex in marriage. In your 20s it will be stronger and intense! You may wake up feeling sexually aroused and your sexual organ will stand erect for some minutes for no single reason in the world or you become sexually aroused on seeing a curvy lady! You may start noticing shapes and curves and you have to shake your head several times to keep the image off. You may get sexually aroused on watching a romantic movie and discharge something. You check up and discover you are wet. All these are normal, you haven’t committed any sin.
So what then do you do when you get hot and Hot? Have sex? I know you know my answer and some singles will never be caught dead sleeping around, so what do they do? They masturbate! They give themselves release and personal pleasure through solo sex while claiming ‘virginity’ at the same time. Masturbation is completely wrong and not the way out. Let me explain:
1. Masturbation is not done in isolation. It is done with the IMAGE of SOMEONE in mind. It can be a lover, an EX, a celebrity, a married person, a crush, someone you like but incapable of having. You imagine having sex with them while masturbating. That is MENTAL FORNICATION
2. For ladies, while inserting all manner of objects, you may mistakenly deflower yourself and also introduce infection into your genitals and womb. It will be very difficult to convince your future partner that you never had sex with man except objects during your solo sex.
3. You kill your ability to enjoy sex in future. Millions of women don’t enjoy sex in marriage which leads to sexual frustration, adultery, lesbianism and feminism. If you are used to getting orgasm by yourself, you won’t be able to get it from your husband. If you are used to objects in your private part, you won’t have feelings for your husband’s sexual-organ. You will always think of something harder, bigger, longer, larger and completely unrealistic! Women who complain their husbands’ sexual organ is too small didn’t marry as virgins. They must have been promiscuous as singles by masturbation or having several sexual partners.
4. You will not have a good sex life as a man. You will experience pre-mature ejaculation and your wife won’t enjoy you leading to acute sexual frustration in marriage. You need self-control to fully enjoy sex and give your wife maximum sexual pleasure. A woman enjoys sex when the man can go on for at least 7 minutes before ejaculating. Because you are used to instant release from masturbation, you may not be able to go more than a minute before exploding leaving your wife completely unsatisfied and frustrated. She may close up, become frigid and stop having sex altogether which may lead to you having an affair, she having an affair or both of you having an affair. Self-control before marriage helps you enjoy sex to the maximum after wedlock. You are able to delay ejaculation, go on for a long time and have excellent orgasm while giving your wife pleasure too. That is why total virginity pays!
5. If you do not suffer premature ejaculation, you may have serious problem with delayed/ slow ejaculation. A situation where you get erection for several hours without ejaculation or orgasm. What is the benefit of sex without orgasm? Rough masturbation with your hands kills your ability to feel/enjoy sex with your wife. It is hell for a woman to be under a man who thrusts in for hours unable to ejaculate. How will the woman get pregnant? It’s the reason some women are seemingly “barren” and can’t talk to anybody out of embarrassment. Thrusting hard for so long leaves the woman sore, frustrated and hating sex altogether. You have so much to lose sexually when you masturbate. Abstaining from this degrading act helps you feel relaxed, confident, have normal sexual intercourse and enjoy the pleasures that come with sex IN MARRIAGE!
6. You start having sex in the dream with a known or unknown person (demonic entities otherwise known as spiritual spouse).
7. You feel drained, dirty, empty, useless and powerless after each act.
8. You start getting unsatisfied and begins to desire the real thing. You fantasize more about sex and start longing for the real act.
9. You get a warped view of the opposite sex. You see them as sexual objects and start having sex with anything in skirt or trousers -you become promiscuous.
10. You get damaged, hurt and broken.
11. You are at risk of hell fire!
These and more are the consequences of masturbation. They damage you and shatter you to pieces! What then should you do with your sexual urge? How do you handle the constant hunger for sex?
—-BELIEVE IN JESUS CHRIST AS YOUR OWN PERSONAL LORD AND SAVIOR
—-INVITE THE HOLY SPIRIT EVERY PASSING SECOND OF YOUR LIFE TO FILL YOUR SPIRIT, SOUL AND BODY WITH HIS OWN LIFE AND PRESENCE THEN WITH THE CONFIDENCE OF JESUS CHRIST INSIDE YOUR LIFE NOW AND THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT DRIVING EVERY DESIRE, THOUGHTS, DECISIONS, ACTIONS OF YOUR LIFE, YOU WILL DO THESE
1. DELETE all dirty pictures, pornography videos, sexually provocative e-books, pictures and hot, romantic movies/novels/magazines/clothes/objects in your phones/laptops/room-walls, in your room/bags/school-lockers with the CONFIDENT BELIEVE IN THE HOLY SPIRIT PRESENCE CUURENTLY IN YOUR LIFE NOW -they are powerful sexual triggers!
2. DISCONNECT your SELF from friends who say dirty, sexually provocative and immoral things/chats/text-messages AS A MATTER OF URGENCY BECAUSE THE HOLY SPIRIT COMMANDED YOU TO DO SO! Stop all sexy banters with friends (you are sexy/hot, am I not sexy/hot?, you are slaying e.t.c) and say only things that are pure, holy, needful and helpful {Phil.4:8}
3. Get busy with your life, education and career, there is more to life than sex.
4. Transmute your sexual energy: Channel your sexual energy into something great. I had a strong sex drive in the institution. I simply channeled them into my education making me the best student in my department from the second year. I was very excited and energetic. I BURNT the ENERGY on my STUDIES. I also started my ministry and was very committed as my fellowship BIBLE STUDY CO-ORDINATOR. If you don’t BURN that ENERGY, YOU will COMMIT FORNICATION/ADULTERY/LESBIANISM/HOMOSEXUALITY/INCEST/BESTIALITY.
5. Study THE WORD A LOT especially PSALM 119. When you are FILLED with THE WORD, you have NO SPACE for the devil and his demons in YOUR heart.
6. Pray and speak in TONGUES ALWAYS. THE HOLY SPIRIT SANCTIFIES YOUR WHOLE BEING {SPIRIT, SOUL & BODY} CONSISTENTLY THROUGH HIS LANGUAGE FLOWING FROM INSIDE YOU TO YOUR OUTSIDE
7. Make friends with GODLY people.
8. DELETE pornography and romantic movies.
9. Get busy in THE SERVICE OF JESUS CHRIST KINGDOM.
10. OPEN YOUR HEART TO JESUS CHRIST COMPLETELY thus “LORD JESUS CHRIST I GIVE YOU MY WHOLE BEING AND LIFE, USE ME FOR YOUR GLORY ‘ONLY’ THROUGH YOUR HOLY SPIRIT ACTIVELY LIVING INSIDE ME NOW AND ALWAYS IN JESUS MIGHTY NAME. AMEN.” HE will surely HELP you OUT.
Masturbation is wrong, bad, demonic, destructive and sinful. Avoid it and end it with speed if you are deeply involved in it. JESUS IS THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN HELP YOU. Call on him! God bless you.
JOIN A GENUINE FELLOWSHIP, GET COMMITTED TO JESUS CHRIST THEN EVERY OTHER THING FOLLOWS!!!
Culled from nairaland: article was written by marioplus

Things you need to stop doing in life


list of things that you need to stop doing in life
21 Things You Need To Stop Doing This New
Year

1.Stop Spending Time with the wrong people
Proverbs 1:8-19, Proverbs 17
2. Stop running from your problems
Genesis 27:41
3. Stop lying to yourself.
Ephesians 4:25 II Kings 8:13
4. Stop trying to be someone you are not
Matthew 23: 1-12
5. Stop trying to go back to the past
Exodus 14: 5-14, Hebrews 10:35
6. Stop being afraid to make a mistake
Matthew 7:3-5, Romans 3:23
7. Stop berating yourself from your mistake
Philipians 4:3, Romans 3: 23
8. Stop trying to buy happiness
Matthew 19:16-30, Luke 16:13-15
9. Stop exclusively looking to others for
happiness
I Samuel 1:6 (Penninah and Elkanah)
10. Stop thinking you are not capable or ready
Build up your self confidence and your God
confidence
Hebrews 10:35-39, 2Timothy 2:1-26
11. Stop getting involved in relationships for
the wrong reasons.
2 Samuel 11:12
12. Stop rejecting new relationships because
the old one did not work
13. Stop being jealous of others
(Take inventory of your own blessings)
Genesis 4:4, Genesis 27:41, Genesis 29:1-35,
1 Samuel 21, Acts 5:17
14. Stop complaining and feeling sorry for
yourself.
Phillipians 2:14, Matthew 20:11, Exodus 15:24
15. Stop holding grudges
Gen 27:41, Gen 31:36, Gen 50:15, Esther 3:5,
5:9)
16. Stop letting others bring you down to their
level
1Kings 16:28 -22:40 Ahab and Jezreel)
17. Stop proving yourself to others
(Especially those who will never approve you)
18. Stop always trying to make things perfect
Matthew 19:21
19. Stop following the path of least resistance
Joshua 7:1-26, 22:20
20. Stop always thinking the worst before you
think the best of others.
Avoid Horns and Halo approaches to People.
We put horns on people we do not like and
never see the good they do. Both are errors in
fleshy judgement and do more harm and
create more injustices in the long run.
1 Kings 22: 1-28
21. Stop holding back on God and the church
when you don’t like something or something in
the church.
Acts 5: 1-6
21 Things You Need To Stop Doing This New
Year

1.Stop Spending Time with the wrong people
Proverbs 1:8-19, Proverbs 17
2. Stop running from your problems
Genesis 27:41
3. Stop lying to yourself.
Ephesians 4:25 II Kings 8:13
4. Stop trying to be someone you are not
Matthew 23: 1-12
5. Stop trying to go back to the past
Exodus 14: 5-14, Hebrews 10:35
6. Stop being afraid to make a mistake
Matthew 7:3-5, Romans 3:23
7. Stop berating yourself from your mistake
Philipians 4:3, Romans 3: 23
8. Stop trying to buy happiness
Matthew 19:16-30, Luke 16:13-15
9. Stop exclusively looking to others for
happiness
I Samuel 1:6 (Penninah and Elkanah)
10. Stop thinking you are not capable or ready
Build up your self confidence and your God
confidence
Hebrews 10:35-39, 2Timothy 2:1-26
11. Stop getting involved in relationships for
the wrong reasons.
2 Samuel 11:12
12. Stop rejecting new relationships because
the old one did not work
13. Stop being jealous of others
(Take inventory of your own blessings)
Genesis 4:4, Genesis 27:41, Genesis 29:1-35,
1 Samuel 21, Acts 5:17
14. Stop complaining and feeling sorry for
yourself.
Phillipians 2:14, Matthew 20:11, Exodus 15:24
15. Stop holding grudges
Gen 27:41, Gen 31:36, Gen 50:15, Esther 3:5,
5:9)
16. Stop letting others bring you down to their
level
1Kings 16:28 -22:40 Ahab and Jezreel)
17. Stop proving yourself to others
(Especially those who will never approve you)
18. Stop always trying to make things perfect
Matthew 19:21
19. Stop following the path of least resistance
Joshua 7:1-26, 22:20
20. Stop always thinking the worst before you
think the best of others.
Avoid Horns and Halo approaches to People.
We put horns on people we do not like and
never see the good they do. Both are errors in
fleshy judgement and do more harm and
create more injustices in the long run.
1 Kings 22: 1-28
21. Stop holding back on God and the church
when you don’t like something or something in
the church.
Acts 5: 1-6
http://www.datswasupblog.com/2017/01/21-things-you-need-to-stop-doing-this.html?
m=1

Guilty


   Guilty
A friend sent this nessage to me and it really touched my soul. Indeed I’m guilty,we all are.
This message has Awoken me dearly and I think you need it too. I thought I should share as received.
Read – share – learn & make the necessary adjustments in your life to avoid been found guilty on that fateful day.

RIGHTEOUS IDOL WORSHIPPER?

I wondered why I was in the queue of accused at all. I am intelligent, aggressive, young, totally committed to my God. What am I doing here with this sheet of supposed sins in my hand I wondered?

I don’t drink, I don’t smoke, I don’t fornicate, I don’t steal, I am righteous. I’m not Guilty , Others should be here not me.

It was finally my turn to face the son of Man ( Jesus Christ ) on the judgement throne .

I placed my sheet before Him, He glanced at it and sighed softly. He looked at me and calmly said, ‘Guilty of idol worship.’

Imagine my anger, my fury, my indignation. I jumped out of the chair and said ‘Of course not! Check the sheet again, check the name, It can’t be mine.’

He sighed again and mentioned one of my names that no one knows. You are guilty , you can’t enter heaven .

I would not be stopped. I can’t go to hell ! . It’s impossible’ I yelled. I worship only God, the Most High, Maker of heaven and earth, the King of kings and Lord of lords. I bow down to none, I have no talisman, no amulet, no pot underneath my bed.

‘You are guilty of idol worship’ He repeated calmly.

He looked at me, I looked at Him. It seemed like forever. The room was silent. I could hear the clock ticking.

Then slowly I understood.

I’m a committed Christian ,very religious . I love God with my whole heart but I still bow down to graven statues of Jesus , God , Mary and the angels even though the Bible specifically asked me not to bow down to the statue of anything that is on earth ,beneath the earth or in HEAVEN. I meant no harm but I was still GUilty.

I am never late for bus/train station or air flight but I am always late to church – I blinked. Guilty !

My payments to services I enjoy eg: Dstv, phone bills etc, are never late but I haven’t given offerings/tithes in three months – I looked down. Guilty!

When meeting one of our local chiefs last week I would not even pick a call in the presence of earthly royalty, but I WhatsApp in church . Guilty 😢

I wouldn’t interrupt my performance appraisal with my boss for anything but I missed church last week because of a series on TV . Guilty!
praying woman
I wouldn’t let a day end without talking to my spouse but today I just said Hi God, Bye God. And I didn’t even pray last night – The room began to feel hot. Guilty !

I would never miss going to the bank because of the weather but I missed fellowship on Wednesday and Friday because it was drizzling . Guilty !

I would wear my party colors to party meetings and not care what anyone thought of me but I hate to talk to my workmates about God because of what they will think of me. Guilty !

I always have the latest tech gadget you can think of but my bible is so worn out. I can’t even find the book of Jude in my bible anymore. Guilty !

The last thing to touch before going to bed is my phone and the first thing in the morning….chating on whatapp or replying offline messages. And never bordering to talk with God or reading His word. Guilty!

I felt so hot in the room, a nervous sweat on my forehead, I felt so ill and weak, all of my anger and self-righteousness was gone, leaving immense guilt in its wake. Guilty!

I slowly got of the chair and knelt by His feet and said ‘I am sorry, I am guilty as charged, Guilty of idol worship, guilty of placing others; humans, technology before You. I am guilty of idol worship.’

He smiled gently, looked at me with those passionate eyes of His full of love and He gave me a fresh sheet!and said, Deliver souls!!

If time would permit you please share or inform others to alert them as I know they are not aware of what they are doing.

God bless you as you share to deliver souls with me. Amen.
Thanks

Women please dress & look good for your husbands,here is why


every woman loves attention so their dress nice and act sexy when they are looking for husbands but some stop looking good for their man or husband once they succeed in getting married without knowing that it turns most men off.
I had a routine visit to a family yesterday
and while discharging my duties I kept
wondering how some married ladies quickly
lose a once heavenly savor to tearing their
marriages into shreds..pathetic! While you
were dating, you were always looking
“tempting” and “sexy”, you have your bath
at least morning and night. You use
perfume, smell nice, make your hair
beautiful. Look extremely attractive and
were always in shape. Now you are married,
you are unavoidably out of shape, you don’t
give a damn about how you look or dress,
you appear older than his mother just
because you have one or two kids, you
come to bed reeling of ” kitchen” and you
have to be begged to change your wig or
hair look. You come to bed with dirty hair
net and yet you want to KEEP your
husband? You don’t want him to look at
anyone else and you expect him to be
satisfied with your current state? Please, I
beg of you, don’t leave what you can do for
God to come do. Help yourself, save your
marriage! Take great care of yourself and
remember men are moved by sight! Once
you start looking like a pap-tat..,your
marriage starts hanging like a drone in thin
air.
≈ # constance Hanson®̈́™©2017
written by Constance Hanson

7 beautiful principles of the Eagle by Dr myles monroe


  7 beautiful principles of the eagle by Dr Myles monroe

Wow I’m sure you will definitely love this beautifully educative and inspirational sermon from Dr Myles Monroe. I saw it somewhere on net and I decide to share it here on handsomebeauty blog.

Principle 1
Eagles fly alone at high altitude and not with sparrows or other small birds. No other bird can get to the height of the eagle. Stay away from sparrows and ravens. This is one beautiful quality that makes the eagle unique from other birds. So if you want to be an eagle be selective about the type of friends that you keep .

Eagles fly with Eagles.

Principle 2
Eagles have strong vision. They have the ability to focus on something up to five kilometers away. When an eagle sights his prey, he narrows his focus on it and set out to get it. No matter the obstacles, the eagle will not move his focus from the prey until he grabs it. Don’t allow the beautiful things of life to destroy your focus because all that glitters is not gold.

Have a vision and remain focused no matter what the obstacle and you will succeed.

Principle 3
Eagles do not eat dead things. They feed only on fresh prey. Vultures eat dead animals, but eagles will not.

Be careful with what you feed your eyes and ears with, especially in movies and on TV. Steer clear of outdated and old information. Always do your research well.

Principle 4
Eagles love the storm. When clouds gather, the eagles get excited. The eagle uses the storm’s wind to lift himself higher. Once it finds the wind of the storm, the eagles uses the raging storm to lift himself above the clouds. This gives the eagle an opportunity to glide and rest its wings. In the meantime, all the other birds hide in the leaves and branches of the trees. Always see the best in the worst of situations. One beautiful thing about life is that there is always light at the end of the tunnel.

We can use the storms of life to rise to greater heights. Achievers relish challenges and use them profitably.

Principle 5
The Eagle tests before it trusts. When a female eagle meets a male and they want to mate, she flies down to earth with the male pursuing her and she picks a twig. She flies back into the air with the male pursuing her. Once she has reached a height high enough for her, she lets the twig fall to the ground and watches it as it falls. The male chases after the twig. The faster it falls, the faster he chases it. He has to catch it before it falls to the ground. He then brings it back to the female eagle.

The female eagle grabs the twig and flies to a higher altitude and then drops the twig for the male to chase. This goes on for hours, with the height increasing until the female eagle is assured that the male eagle has mastered the art of catching the twig which shows commitment. Then and only then, will she allow him to mate with her.

Whether in private life or in business, one should test commitment of people intended for partnership. Don’t be deceived by beauty or appearance . Test people before you trust them in life to avoid cries of ” had I known”.

Principle 6
When ready to lay eggs, the female and male eagle identify a place very high on a cliff where no predators can reach. The male flies to earth and picks thorns and lays them on the crevice of the cliff, then flies to earth again to collect twigs which he lays in the intended nest. He flies back to earth and picks thorns laying them on top of the twigs. He flies back to earth and picks soft grass to cover the thorns. When this first layering is complete the male eagle runs back to earth and picks more thorns, lays them on the nest; runs back to get grass it on top of the thorns, then plucks his feathers to complete the nest. The thorns on the outside of the nest protect it from possible intruders. Both male and female eagles participate in raising the eagle family. She lays the eggs and protects them; he builds the nest and hunts. During the time of training the young ones to fly, the mother eagle throws the eaglets out of the nest. Because they are scared, they jump into the nest again.

Next, she throws them out and then takes off the soft layers of the nest, leaving the thorns bare. When the scared eaglets again jump into the nest, they are pricked by thorns. Shrieking and bleeding they jump out again this time wondering why the mother and father who love them so much are torturing them. Next, mother eagle pushes them off the cliff into the air. As they shriek in fear, father eagle flies out and catches them up on his back before they fall and brings them back to the cliff. This goes on for sometime until they start flapping their wings. They get excited at this newfound knowledge that they can fly.
This tell us that success and the beautiful things of life come with prices and sacrifices.

The preparation of the nest teaches us to prepare for changes; The preparation for the family teaches us that active participation of both partners leads to success; The being pricked by the thorns tells us that sometimes being too comfortable where we are may result into our not experiencing life, not progressing and not learning at all. The thorns of life come to teach us that we need to grow, get out of the nest and live on. We may not know it but the seemingly comfortable and safe haven may have thorns.

The people who love us do not let us languish in sloth but push us hard to grow and prosper. Even in their seemingly bad actions they have good intentions for us.

Principle 7
When an Eagle grows old, his feathers become weak and cannot take him as fast as he should. When he feels weak and about to die, he retires to a place far away in the rocks. While there, he plucks out every feather on his body until he is completely bare. He stays in this hiding place until he has
grown new feathers, then he can come out.

We occasionally need to shed off old habits and items that burden us without adding to our lives.
Let’s start emulating the beautiful lifestyle of the eagle from today.

Written by Dr Myles Monroe.

Source Sharelife

Photo : driverless automatic car that drives on it’s own


   driverless car that automatically drives on it's own
Photo credit techcrunch
A passenger in this driverless automatic car reports “As we settle into the back seat, it’s apparent
something is different. The vehicle has two rear-
mounted displays that mirror a third in the center
console between the driver’s seat and the front
passenger. All three of these screens (iPads, if you’re
curious) show vehicle passengers a simplified
information display representing the car, its basic
surroundings, current speed – and a steering wheel
icon that lets you know, somewhat ironically, when
there’s no need for a human to be using said wheel.
The drive began with the human safety driver taking us
out onto Las Vegas’ Paradise Road, but once we’d
merged into traffic he turned on the autonomous
system and took his hands off the wheel. The course
was a short, roughly 1 mile loop, and we could track
our progress on the display. Unlike in a lot of demo
autonomous cars, this display, with its polished
graphical representation of the car and its progress,
seemed almost production-ready for a real consumer.”
And the autonomous system also performed in a way
that almost felt ready for regular drivers and real roads
– almost. The system remained engaged throughout
the first half of the drive, handling turns and stops
with relative ease. But the car began rolling backwards
ever so slowly while we were stopped on an incline in
traffic, leading to the only slightly tense moment of the
drive, as we did get close to the car behind. The safety
driver had to take over manual control to get us past
the light, but once he resumed the autonomous driving
mode, it proceeded uneventfully for the remainder of
the trip.
Hyundai’s approach to autonomy focuses on
leveraging things like detailed maps, to supplement a
lighter sensor load out and reduce costs both for
producer and consumer . It likely is playing with a very
detailed and well-trod picture of the route it’s running
for demos at CES this year, the one we experienced,
but it was still impressive barring the one time the
driver needed to take over.
  automatic driverless car
An autonomous car (driverless car , self-driving car,
robotic car is a vehicle that is capable of
sensing its environment and navigating without human
input.
Autonomous cars can detect surroundings using a
variety of techniques such as radar, lidar, GPS,
odometry , and computer vision . Advanced control
systems interpret sensory information to identify
appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and
relevant signage .Autonomous cars have control
systems that are capable of analyzing sensory data to
distinguish between different cars on the road, which is
very useful in planning a path to the desired
destination.
Some demonstrative systems, precursory to
autonomous cars, date back to the 1920s and 30s.
The first self-sufficient (and therefore, truly
autonomous) cars appeared in the 1980s, with
Carnegie Mellon University ‘s Navlab and ALV projects
in 1984 and Mercedes-Benz and Bundeswehr
University Munich ‘s Eureka Prometheus Project in
1987. Since then, numerous major companies and
research organizations have developed working
prototype autonomous vehicles.
Among the potential benefits of automated cars is a
significant reduction of traffic accidents , and the
resulting deaths and injuries, and related costs,
including lower insurance costs; major increases in
roadway capacity, with the potential to more than
quadruple capacity, resulting in significantly less traffic
congestion; enhance mobility for the elderly , people
with disabilities , and low-income citizens; relieve
travelers from driving and navigation chores, freeing
commuting hours with more time for leisure or work;
less fuel consumption, producing less air pollution and
a lower carbon footprint from road travel; significantly
reduced parking space needs in cities, freeing space
for other public and private uses; and facilitating or
improving existing and new business models of
mobility as a service, including carsharing, e-hailing ,
ride hailing services , real-time ridesharing , and other
services of the sharing economy , all contributing to
reduce car ownership.
Among the main obstacles and disadvantages due to
a widespread adoption of autonomous vehicles, in
addition to the technological challenges, are disputes
concerning liability; the time period needed to turn an
existing stock of vehicles from non-autonomous to
autonomous; resistance by individuals to forfeit control
of their cars; customer concern about the safety of
driverless cars; implementation of legal framework and
establishment of government regulations for self-
driving cars; risk of loss of privacy and security
concerns, such as hackers or terrorism; concerns about
the resulting loss of driving-related jobs in the road
transport industry; and risk of increased
suburbanization as driving becomes faster and less
onerous without proper public policies in place to
avoid more urban sprawl. Wikipedia

Photo : why you should beware of people you meet on social media


. Photo : why you should beware of people you meet on social media and networks
This warning or message was shared by a facebook user Udoji Chikaodili Henrietta on her social media wall .
Please take your time to read this….pls
pls…… Don’t be madly in love because of
pictures on social media,some fair people
are dark in reality. Some tall people are
short in reality. Some thank God is
Friday , have no job. Some pretty and
beautiful ladies on social media are
manageable in reality.. Some you see
their pictures on a flight ,Can’t afford flight
ticket, some upload pictures of food
prepared by their mum. Some fresh skin
on social media are dry skin in reality,
some that are engaged on social media, are
seriously searching, while some in a
relationship are single. Some with cat
eyes on social media, have goat eyes in
reality , some who snapped besides
mansions are managing with six friends in
one room… Some who told you they are
going for vigil ends up in their boss
house,while some who told you they can’t date
a guy staying in self contain , sleeps on the
floor in a face me i face you.
Some wife material on social media,are bed
material in reality, while some Madonna
students on social media, are still jambite
Some GT bank staff on social media, are IT
students in GT bank,while some guyz who
work in shell on social media, are keke drivers
in reality….
Love is a beautiful thing but you must be
very careful with what you see on social
media
Shoti ye eeee/ you understand (somebody )
…be careful …love you
all

is mmm nigeria a scam ? pt 2


  is mmm a scam or a real online business ?  A Ponzi scheme?
@drizzymadbet, first off, for you
to make a honest review or judge
something, u must have used or
been involved with that thing. Its
obvious I’ve never been involved
in MMM as your posts shows you
don’t know much about this
opportunity.
Secondly, MMM is not a scam, an
MLM, HYIP, Bank or Investment
company. MMM is a DONATION
COMMUNITY where members
have decided to help themselves
gratuitously, without collateral,
provide financial help to each
other.
Thirdly, MMM advertises because
of the way it works. Even the
Banks and organizations do
aggressive advertising. Even the
banks need more customets to
survive. MMM operates the way a
stockvel operates. The point is,
whose money has Sergei Mavrodi
stolen. No member of MMM ,
anywhere in the world gives hus
or her money to Mr. Mavrodi.
When u join MMM, u do not give
your money to MMM. MMM or
MMM founder Mr Mavrodi, I
repeat, does not collect a dime
from anyone anywhere in the
world. We members give money to
each other. We pay directly into
the others Bank account. ….so
how does Sergie run away with
your money. Please answer this @
drizzymadbet.
MMM has enemies, the politicians,
the banks, government and press.
Why? Please go do your research
very well. Then u will find the
answer. I want u to go do that
research, when u find it, only then
you’ll be convinced to join MMM.
Mr. Mavrodi has made his money
way back before MMM. His aim
and ideology about MMM is to
fight against the unjust financial
system of the world; which makes
the poor poorer and rich richer
thought its the poor who does the
hard work. The Bank takes your
money in the pretence of keeping
it for you. You keep it there for
years. How much do they give u
as interest Peanuts! Mr Mavrodi
belives no government can make
the masses rich, no politician or
rich person will come to make you
rich. He believes, the masses
must take the bull by the horn by
helping each other and that is why
he put this system in place for
everyone to take advantage of.
Again. Mr. Mavrodi nor MMM does
not collect money on his website
or from anyone. Mr. Mavrodi is a
Mathematician, a programmer and
he only set up this system to help
the masses. MMM has changed
my financial status!!!
Mmm has been in existence for
five years in over 100 countries of
the world. #mmmpays. It has
been paying everyone for five
years. #MMM has paid me
severally, I’ve lost count. #MMM
is NOT A SCAM!

Written by miss tarajohn

Is mmm Nigeria a scam ? pt 1


  is mmm a scam or a real online business ?  A Ponzi scheme?
Why do I drizzymadbet believe
that MMM Nigeria is a pyramid/
Ponzi scheme lets look at the
following reasons.
1. The promise of a 30 % ROI is
outrageous and not in terms with
standard rates of investment
(Example one makes a profit of
30,000 naira for every 100,000
naira invested in the system in 30
days , excluding additions that
comes from referral, signing up
and testimonial bonuses) No legal
financial company can offer you
that investment plan.
2. Such “Return on Investments”
been paid to older clients are
money received from new clients
and the circle continues, the 30%
is never made from company
profits. That is why there is
aggressive ad campaign from the
company(MMM Nigeria) paying
massive additional bonuses to
recruiters that they call guiders to
conduct seminars and deceive
gullible Nigerians into joining the
scheme to keep the system alive.
3. The CEO of the company (MMM
Nigeria) Seigei Marvrodi is a
convicted fraudster and had run
similar fraud schemes in Russia
where he defrauded investors
over a hundred billion dollars
( https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/
MMM_
(Ponzi_Scheme_Company)
More details later..

Written by Mr drizzymadbet

GOD is too faithful to fail


 God is too faithful to fail
“I watched a local football match in a school
playing ground. As I sat down, I asked one of
the boys what the score was.
With a smile, he replied; “They are leading us
3-0” !
And I said, REALLY!!
I have to say you don’t look discouraged.
“Discouraged?” the boy asked with a puzzled
look …
Why should I be discouraged when the referee
has not blown the final whistle?
I have confidence in the team and the
managers; We shall definitely overcome!
Truly, the match ended 5-4 in favor of the
boy’s team!
He waved at me gently, with a beautiful smile
as he left; I was amazed, mouth wide open;
Such confidence; Such beautiful faith;
As I got back home that night, his question
kept coming back to me:
“Why should I be discouraged when the referee
has not blown the final whistle?”
Life is like a game.
Why should you be discouraged when The
Almighty God is your manager? Why should
you be discouraged, whist there’s still life?
Why should you be discouraged when your
final whistle has not sounded? The truth is
that many people blow the final whistle
themselves;
But as long as there is life, nothing is
impossible and it is never too late for you.
Half time is not full time and HIS calendar for
your life is not man’s calendar.
Don’t blow the whistle yourself.
BE ENCOURAGED! DON’T GIVE UP.
With God all things are still possible!”
NeverEverGiveUp. Today is a fresh start with
potentials. .. keep the faith…. keep believing
HE STILL GOD ON THE THRONE, NEVER
CHANGE…I call HIM unchangeable Changer.
Don’t give up on GOD because HE wont give
up on you. He’s faithful
Facebook.com/handsomebeautyland

Genetics: the science of heredity


     Genetics: the science of heredity
Biology Of Heredity (Genetics)-Transmission And Expression Of Characteristics In Organisms

A) Hereditary Variations: Characters that can be transferred from parents to offsprings-from generation to generation like skin colour, eye and hair, blood group, sickle cell, shape of face and nose

Genetics is the branch of biology that deals with the science of heredity. Heredity is the transfer of characteristics from one generation to the next. It is the reason why offspring resemble their parents. For instance, we know that a tall mother and a tall father are liable to have children that are tall.

It as well explains why cats constantly give birth to kittens and never puppies. Geneticists (scientists who study genetics) are interested in finding out two things regarding this observation.

First, what is there in the cells of a person’s body that signals the body to become tall instead of short? Second, how are the signals for “tallness” transferred from parent to offspring, from one generation to the next?

The process of heredity takes place in the midst of every living thing including animals, plants, bacteria, protists and fungi. The study of heredity is known as genetics and scientists that learn heredity are called geneticists.

Through heredity, living things take over traits from their parents. Traits are physical characteristics. You bear a resemblance to your parents due to the fact that you inherited your hair and skin color, nose shape, height, and other traits from them.

Cells are the fundamental unit of structure and function of every living thing. Small biochemical structures inside every cell known as genes transmit traits from one generation to the other.

Genes are made of a chemical known as DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Genes are strung jointly to structure long chains of DNA in structures referred to as chromosomes.

Genes are similar to blueprints for building a house, apart from the fact that they bear the plans for building cells, tissues, organs, and bodies. They have the instructions for manufacturing the thousands of chemical building blocks in the body.

These building blocks are known as proteins. Proteins are made of smaller units known as amino acids. Differences in genes give rise to the building of diverse amino acids and proteins.

These differences give rise to individuals that possess various traits like hair color or blood types.

A gene offers only the prospective for the development of a trait. The way this potential is achieved depends partially on the interaction of the gene with other genes. But it as well depends partly on the environment.

For instance, a person may have a genetic tendency toward being overweight. But the person’s real weight will depend on such environmental factors like the kinds of food the person eats and the amount of exercise that person does.

The history of Genetics

Humans have known about hereditary characteristics for thousands of years. That knowledge has been used for the improvement of domestic plants and animals. Until the late nineteenth century, however, that knowledge had been obtained through trial-and-error experiments.

The contemporary science of genetics started with the pioneering work of the Austrian monk and botanist Gregor Mendel (1822–1884).

Words you may come across and their meaning

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): Molecules that make up chromosomes and on which genes are situated.

Dominant gene: The state or genetic trait that will constantly convey itself when present as part of a pair of genes in a chromosome.

Gene: A section of a DNA molecule that carries instructions for the formation, functioning, and transmission of specific traits from one generation to another.

Heredity: The transfer of characteristics from parents to offspring.

Nucleotide: A group of atoms that exists in a DNA molecule.

Proteins: Large molecules that is crucial to the structure and functioning of all living cells.

Recessive gene: The state or genetic trait that can put across itself only when two genes, one from both parents, are available and act as a kind of code for creating the trait, but will not articulate itself when paired with a dominant gene.

Triad: This is as well referred to as codon; group of three nucleotides that carry a particular message for a cell.

Through heredity, variations demonstrated by individuals can build up and cause a number of species to evolve. The study of heredity in biology is known as genetics, which includes the field of epigenetic.

In humans, eye color is an example of an inherited characteristic: characteristics transferred from parents to offspring. An individual might inherit the “brown-eye trait” from one of the parents. Inherited traits are restricted by genes and the complete set of genes within an organism’s genome is known as its genotype.

The entire set of observable traits of the structure and behavior of an organism is called its phenotype. These traits arise from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. As a result, a lot of aspects of an organism’s phenotype are not inherited.

For instance, suntanned skin comes from the interaction between a person’s phenotype and sunlight; thereby, suntans are not transferred to people’s children.

Nevertheless, a few people auburn more easily than others, as a result of differences in their genotype: a conspicuous example is people with the inherited trait of albinism, who do not auburn at all and are very sensitive to sunburn.

Heritable traits are transferred from one generation to the other through DNA, a molecule that encodes genetic information. DNA is a longpolymer that is made up of four types of bases, which are exchangeable.

The sequence of bases along a specific DNA molecule specifies the genetic information: this is equivalent to a sequence of letters spelling out a passage of text.

Prior to the cell division through mitosis, the DNA is copied, so that every one of the resultant two cells will inherit the DNA progression.

A segment of a DNA molecule that specifies a particular functional unit is known as a gene; different genes have different progressions of bases.

Within cells, the long strands of DNA form condensed structures known as chromosomes.

Organisms inherit genetic material from their parents in the form of homologous chromosomes, containing a unique amalgamation of DNA progressions that code for genes.

The definite location of a DNA sequence within a chromosome is referred to as a locus. If the DNA sequence at a specific locus varies between individuals, the diverse forms of this sequence are known as alleles.

DNA sequences can alter through mutations, giving rise to fresh alleles. If a mutation takes place within a gene, the fresh allele may have effect on the trait that the gene controls, changing the phenotype of the organism.

Although this simple correspondence between an allele and a trait works in a few cases, the majorities of traits are more compounds and are restricted by multiple interacting genes within and among organisms.

Developmental biologists recommend that composite interactions in genetic networks and communication among cells can result to heritable variations that may underlay a number of of the mechanics in developmental plasticity and canalization.

B) Mendel Works In Genetics: Mendelian Traits, Mendelian Law And Mendelian Experiment

Mendelian laws of inheritance are statements about the manner specific characteristics are transmitted from one generation to another in an organism. The laws were derived by the Austrian monk Gregor Mendel (1822–1884) as a result of experiments he carried out in the period from about 1857 to 1865.

For his experiments, Mendel made use of ordinary pea plants.

Among the traits that Mendel examined were the color of a plant’s flowers, their position on the plant, the shape and color of pea pods, the shape and color of seeds, and the length of plant stems.

Mendel’s experiment was to transfer pollen (which is composed of male sex cells) from the stamen (the male reproductive organ) of one pea plant to the pistil (female reproductive organ) of a second pea plant.

As a plain example of this sort of experiment, presume that one takes pollen from a pea plant with red flowers and makes use of it to fertilize a pea plant with white flowers.

What Mendel intended to find out is what color the flowers would be in the offspring of these two plants. In a second series of experiments, Mendel examined the changes that took place in the second generation.

view
That is, assuming two offspring of the red/white mating (“cross”) are themselves mated. What color will the flowers be in this second generation of plants?

As a result of his experiments, Mendel was able to come out with three generalizations about the way characteristics or traits are transmitted from one generation to the next in pea plants.

Words you ought to Know

Allele: One of two or more forms a gene may exist in.

Dominant: An allele whose expression overshadows the effect of a second form of the same gene.

Gamete: A reproductive cell.

Heterozygous: A state in which two alleles for a given gene differ from each other.

Homozygous: A state in which two alleles for a given gene are the same.

Recessive: An allele whose effects are covered in offspring by the dominant allele in the pair.

Mendel’s first law: The Law of Segregation

Mendel’s law of segregation explains what occurs at the alleles that constitute a gene during formation of gametes. For instance, suppose that a pea plant is composed of a gene for flower color in which the two alleles code for red.

One way to symbolize that condition is to write RR, which indicates that both alleles (R and R) code for the color red. An additional gene might possess a diverse combination of alleles, as in Rr.

In this situation, the symbol R stands for red color and the r for “not red” or, in this situation, white. Mendel’s law of segregation says that the alleles that constitute “a gene” break up from each other, or segregate, during the formation of gametes.

That law can be represented by simple equations, like:

RR → R + R or Rr → R + r

Mendel’s second Law: Law of independent assortment

Mendel’s second law-the law of independent assortment refers to the fact that any plant contains a lot of different kinds of genes. One gene determines the colour of the flower, a second gene determines length of stem, a third gene determines shape of pea pods, and so on.

Mendel observed that the manner in which alleles from dissimilar genes divide and then recombine is unconnected to other genes. That is, assuming that a plant contains genes for color (RR) and for shape of pod (TT).

Then Mendel’s second law says that the two genes will segregate independently, as shown below:

RR → R + R and TT → T + T

Mendel’s third law: Dominance

Mendel’s third law takes care of issue of dominance. Assuming that a gene is composed of an allele for red color (R) and an allele for white color (r).

What colour will the flower of the final plant take? Mendel found out that in every pair of alleles, one is more likely to be expressed than the other.

In other words, one allele is dominant and the other allele is recessive.

In the example of an Rr gene, the flowers produced will be red for the fact that the allele R is dominant over the allele r.

view also
MENDELIAN LAWS OF INHERITANCE
.
PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIATIONS

Metals


  metal metals
The greater part of elements in the Periodic Table is metals. Metals vary from the extremely reactive alkali metals like sodium to inert metals like gold.

Metals have common physical properties but variable chemical properties.

The physical properties of metals are:

• Metals are glossy, solid and good conductors of heat and electricity.

• Metals have high density.

• They are malleable and ductile, deforming under strain without cutting.

• Metals are shiny and lustrous.

Sheets of metal below a few micrometers in breadth have opaque appearance apart from Gold leaf which gives off green light.

Even though majority of metals have lofty densities than nearly all nonmetals, they have broad variation in their densities, with Lithium being the slightest dense solid element and osmium the densest.

The alkali and alkaline earth metals in groups I A and II A are known as the light metals for the reason that they have small density, less hard and low melting points. The lofty density of the majority of metals is due to the firmly packed crystal lattice of the metallic structure. The strength of metallic bonds for dissimilar metals reaches the utmost around the center of the transition metal series, since those elements have huge amounts of delocalized electrons in tight binding form of metallic bonds. Nevertheless, other factors like atomic radius, nuclear charge, amount of bonds orbital’s’ overlap of orbital energies and crystal form are also involved.

Chemical properties of metals

• Metals have the tendency to form cations through loss of electron.

• They react with oxygen in the air to form oxides. This explains why metals like iron rust when they are exposed over a long period of time and why potassium instantly burns in the presence of oxygen in the atmospheric air.

• For Example: Sodium, calcium and aluminum reacts with air to for their oxides respectively as exemplified in the equations below:

4 Na + O2 → 2 Na2O (sodium oxide)

2 Ca + O2 → 2 CaO (calcium oxide)

4 Al + 3 O2 → 2 Al2O3 (aluminum oxide)

The transition metals like iron, copper, zinc, and nickel are less reactive. They don’t easily react with oxygen in the air due to the fact that they form passive layer of oxide that shields the core. Other metals like palladium, platinum and gold, are completely not reactive with air. Some metals form a barricade layer of oxide on their surface which could hardly be pierced by extra molecule of oxygen. In so doing, they maintain their lustrous appearance and continue to be good conductors of electricity for ages. Examples are aluminum, magnesium, various steels, and titanium

Metallic oxides are characteristically basic in nature contrary to the oxides of non-metals which are normally acidic in nature. Obvious exceptions are mainly oxides of metal with especially high oxidation states like that of CrO3, Mn2O7, and OsO4, which have severely acidic reactions.

Prevention of rusting or corrosion of metals

Metals can be protected to prevent them rusting when exposed to atmospheric air through the following procedures Painting, anodizing or plating of metals. Although, a metal that is more reactive in the electrochemical series must be used for coating particularly when chipping of the coating is anticipated. Water and the two metals form an electrochemical cell. If the metal used for coating is less reactive than the coated metal, the coating will in fact encourage corrosion.

Corrosion of metals

Metals have many useful physical properties

• The strength of metals is useful in girders

• The reflective power of metal is useful in headlamps

• The electrical conductivity of metals is useful in making electrical cables

•Metals are stable to heat and this characteristics is useful in engines

Metals higher up in the series will displace those further down the series

Zn (metal) + Cu2+ + → Cu (metal) + Zn2+

This type of reaction is known as redox reactions.

Metallic Structure and bonding:

The atoms of metals are packed closely to adjoining atoms in one of two common arrangements. The first arrangement is known as body-centered cubic. In this arrangement, each atom is positioned at the center of eight others. The second arrangement is referred to as face-centered cubic. In this second arrangement, every atom is placed at the middle of the other six. This leads to the formation of a crystal. A few metals have variable shape depending on the temperature condition.

Metallic atoms easily give out their valence electrons, leading to the formation of free flowing cloud of electrons within their solid arrangement. This is why metals have the ability to readily conduct heat and electricity. As there are free movements of these electrons, the metallic structure are kept intact by the electrostatic interactions between every atom and the electron cloud. This is what is normally known as metallic bond.

Electrical and thermal conductivities of metals

Electrical

The electrical and thermal conductivities of metals started off from the reality that their external electrons are delocalized. This circumstance can be seen through the atomic structure of a metal as a compilation of atoms implanted in a sea of extremely mobile electrons. The electrical conductivity, together with the electrons’ contribution to the heat power and heat conductivity of metals can be considered and estimated through the free electron model, which does not take into consideration the comprehensive arrangement of the ion lattice.

Mechanical Properties of metal

Mechanical properties of metals are:

• Ductility- This is their aptitude for plastic deformation.

Reversible elastic deformation in metals can be explained through Hooke’s Law for reinstating forces, where the stress is directly proportional to the strain. Forces applied in excess of the elastic limit or heat may lead to irreversible deformation of the object. This phenomenon is known as plastic deformation or plasticity. This irreversible change in atomic arrangement may occur as a result of:

• The action of an applied force which can be tensile (pulling) force, compressive (pushing) force, cut off, twisting or torsion (twisting) forces.

• An alteration in temperature (heat) which may alter the movement of the structural defects.

Alloys

An alloy is a mixture of two or more elements in which the major component is a metal. The majority of pure metals are either too soft, brittle or chemically reactive for realistic use. Combination of various ratios of metals as alloys adjusts the properties of pure metals to manufacture enviable characteristics. The major reason for forming alloys is to make the metals less brittle, harder, anti corrosive, or enclose a more attractive color and luster.

Among the current available alloys, the alloys of iron, steel, stainless steel, cast iron, tool steel and alloy steel constitute the principal percentage both by magnitude and commercial value. Iron that is alloyed with a variety of proportions of carbon yields low, mid and high carbon steels, with escalating carbon levels lowering ductility and toughness. The adding together of silicon will give rise to cast irons, while addition of chromium, nickel and molybdenum to carbon steels in a quantity over 10% will give rise to stainless steels.

Other noteworthy metallic alloys are alloys of aluminum, titanium, copper and magnesium. Copper alloys have been discovered early in history.

Bronze was what gave the Bronze Age its name. It is used for many things today especially in electrical wiring. The alloys of additional three metals have been developed quite lately; for the fact of their chemical reactivity they need electrolytic extraction processes. The alloys of aluminum, titanium and magnesium are prized for their lofty strength/weight ratios; magnesium can also offer electromagnetic shielding. These materials are perfect for situations where elevated strength/weight ratio is more crucial than the cost of the material like in aerospace and a number of automotive applications.

Alloys are especially designed for extremely challenging applications, like jet engines and may include more than ten elements.

Base metal

The term base metal is used in Chemistry to refer to a metal that oxidizes or corrodes rather simply, and reacts variably with dilute hydrochloric acid (HCl) to form hydrogen. Examples of base metals are iron, nickel, lead and zinc. Copper is also well thought-out to be among base metals as it oxidizes rather readily, even though it does not act in response with HCl. It is generally used contrary to noble metal.

A base metal was a widespread and low-priced metal, contrary to precious metals, like gold and silver. The purpose of work of the alchemists was the transformation of base metals into precious metals.

Ferrous metal

Ferrous and non-ferrous metals

Ferrous metals are metals that contain iron. The expression “ferrous” is derived from a Latin word. Ferrous means “containing iron”. The iron may be pure iron like wrought iron, or an alloy like steel. Ferrous metals are frequently magnetic, but not completely.

Noble metal

Noble metals are metals that doesn’t corrode or oxidize as opposed to most base metals. They are inclined to be valuable metals, frequently due to apparent rarity for instance, gold, platinum, silver and rhodium.

The Reactivity Series of metals

The activity series of metals is an empirical instrument used to foresee products in displacement reactions and reactivity of metals with (H20) water and acids in replacement reactions and ore extraction. It can be employed to foretell the products in related reactions connecting dissimilar metal.

The activity series is a chart of metals written in descending order of their relative reactivity. The metals on top of the series are more reactive than the metals on the foot. For instance, both magnesium and zinc can react with hydrogen ions to displace H2 from a solution by the reactions below:

Mg(s) + 2 H+(aq) → H2 (g) + Mg2+ (aq)

Zn(s) + 2 H+(aq) → H2(g) + Zn2+(aq)

The two metals react with the hydrogen ions, but magnesium metal can as well displace zinc ions in solution by the reaction below:

Mg(s) + Zn2+ → Zn(s) + Mg2+

This signifies that magnesium is additionally reactive than zinc and that the two metals are more reactive than hydrogen.

By comparing the reactions of metals in oxygen, water and acid, metal oxides and solutions of metal salts, we can organize metals into a list of reactivity known as the Reactivity Series. The more reactive a metal is the more able it is to form a compound. Again, the more reactive a metal, the more stable its compound.

Furthermore, the more reactive a metal, the more difficult it is to extract from its compounds.

Copper, silver and gold exist as elements in the earth because they are un reactive in nature. They are easy to extract.

Reactive metals are additionally difficult to extract. They are frequently discovered as compounds or ores.

A method of extraction known as Electrolysis is used to eliminate the element from the rest of the compound.

Extraction of Metals

Metals are habitually extracted from the Earth through the process of mining, leading to ores that are reasonably rich sources of the essential elements.

Immediately the ore is mined, the metals need to be extracted, usually through the use of a chemical or through electrolysis.

The extraction method to be used depends on the metal and their impurity.

When a metallic ore is present in an ionic compound of the metal and a non-metal, the ore have got to be smelted. This means heating it up with a reducing agent to extract the pure metal.

The majority of ordinary metals, like iron, are smelted with carbon as a reducing agent. Some metals, like aluminum and sodium, have no reducing agent that is commercially sensible. Because of this, they are extracted through the process of electrolysis. Sulfide ores are not reduced straight to the metal but are burnt in air to convert them to oxides.

man , micro organisms and health


 the effect of micro organisms on man 's health disease infection

A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is very small that it can only be seen by a microscope. It is not usually visible to the naked eye.

Microorganisms are frequently showcased with single-celled or unicellular organisms; although a few unicellular protists are visible to the naked eye, and a few multicellular species can only be seen with the aid of a microscope.

The study of microorganisms is referred to as microbiology and not unexpectedly the majority of the study is channeled to those organisms which cause human disease.

It is currently observed that microorganisms are not only responsible for causing ‘infectious diseases’ but they as well lead to many diseases like peptic ulcers, angina, and cervical cancer.

It is possible to discover in future that microorganisms may as well cause ‘non-infectious’ diseases. Nevertheless, microorganisms are as well crucial to human life.

Every square inch of our body surface is occupied by a lot of thousands of organisms which assist to safeguard the body from invasion by other possible harmful organisms.

Microorganisms are classified into bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Prions, which are considered to be infective protein particles instead of living organisms, are as well studied in microbiology. These groups are completely unconnected to one another; the only general factor among them is that they are all microscopic.

  1. Bacteria

They are single-celled organisms, normally either rod-shaped or fairly spherical in shape. They are grouped based on their reaction to Gram’s stain: those that go blue with this stain are referred to as being Gram positive, those staining red are referred to as Gram negative.

Bacterias are responsible for diseases that range from typhoid, plague, cholera, meningococcal meningitis, tuberculosis, tetanus, gonorrhoea, and syphilis, to the more ordinary urinary tract infections, boils, and acne.

They are killed with the use of antiseptics and by boiling, although they may manufacture toxins which are not destroyed.

A lot of them were initially sensitive to antibiotics like penicillins, but excess us of these drugs has lead to a lot of multi-resistant bacteria.

  1. Viruses

These are smaller than bacteria and are not visible via a light microscope. It needs the use of electron microscope. They cannot reproduce apart from inside other living cells. They are liable to heat and to a few antiseptics.

  1. Fungi

Like bacteria, microscopic fungi are ubiquitous and include yeasts or moulds. Yeasts have been utilized for centuries by peoples all over the world to ferment sugar to alcohol; the drug penicillin was created in a mould.

The most common fungal infections are vaginal thrush, which frequently occurs after a course of antibiotics has killed the normal vaginal bacteria, and nail and skin infections like ‘ringworm’.

  1. Parasites

They are organisms which live in or on the body of another known as the ‘host’. The host may provide a source of nutrients or a safe haven in which to reproduce. They vary in size from single cells, such as the malaria parasite, to tapeworms which may be up to thirty feet in length and therefore not microscopic.

Man And Microbes

As in a lot of things in life, human beings require more than what is naturally available, not only to fight natural hazards but to as well fight things we have artificially made ourselves.

Through Biotechnology, scientists all over the world are conducting researches with viruses, bacteria, and fungi for lots and lots of reasons. These microbes are the simplest of all organisms. They can as well be the most deadly of all organisms.

That is why they are being greatly studied.

In addition to constituting a lot of harms to living organisms, these microbes can as well be beneficial in a lot of ways.

Microorganisms are very important to humans and the environment, because they take part in the Earth’s element cycles like the carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle, in addition to accomplishing other crucial functions in almost all ecosystems, like in recycling other organisms’ dead remains and waste products through decomposition.

Microorganisms as well have a crucial place in the majority of higher-order multicellular organisms in the form of symbionts. The majority of people blame the failure of Biosphere 2 on an inappropriate balance of microorganisms.
man ,microorganisms and health
Uses of Micro-organism in different aspects of live have been illustrated below:

  1. Uses of Microbes To Make Medicine

Scientists are making use of microbes and the compounds they produce to manufacture new medicines to save human lives. The results of those researches are why we are being vaccinated for things like pox or the flu. Such vaccinations are effective because scientists have studied those viruses to examine the way they function. They consequently came up with a way to teach our immune system to do fight. If the individual eventually took ill he or she would be able to will be able to handle the infection. Labs are as well coming up with drugs that assist to get rid of these infections after you get the disease. Medical Laboratories are as well formulating fresh and stronger antibiotics on a day to day basis.

  1. Uses of Microbes In War

Even though nobody enjoys talking about it, humans have a history of making use of disease and compounds produced by microbes in warfare. Labs were constructed to produce chemical compounds that would terminate people’s life.

They as well isolate diseases (viruses) that could be set free to infect a whole population of people. The majority of the world has chosen not to grow diseases to be made use of in war. They have known how dangerous and uncontrollable these diseases are. Once they release these diseases, they may not be able to stop them.

  1. Uses of Microbes for cleaning The Environment

Scientists are as well working with microbes to improve the environment. In the real sense, the environment did not require help; we’re merely trying to reduce the negative impact we have on the environment.

Excellent examples are the bacteria that have been formulated to break down oil in the water. If a tanker leaked and oil starts to spill into the water, these bacteria could be sent out to break down the oil. The resulting compounds would not be harmful to the environment.

Scientists are as well working with bacteria and fungi to assist breakdown garbage.

  1. Oil microorganisms

The nitrogen cycle in soils relies on the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. One way this can happen is in the root nodules of leguminous plants that is composed of symbiotic bacteria of the genera Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Azorhizobium.

  1. Symbiotic microorganisms

Symbiotic micro-organisms like fungi and algae form an association in lichen. A group of fungi form mycorrhizal symbioses with trees that augment the supply of nutrients to the tree.

  1. Human Digestion and Microorganism

A few types of bacteria that occupy animals’ stomachs assist in their digestion. For instance, cows possess a lot of different micro-organisms in their stomachs that are crucial in their digestion of grass and hay.

The gastrointestinal tract is made up of a hugely composite ecology of microorganisms. A characteristic individual bears above 500 different species of bacteria, which stands for dozens of various lifestyles and capabilities. The composition and supply of this menagerie varies with age, state of health and diet.

The number and type of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract differ significantly by region. In healthy individuals, the stomach and proximal small intestine contain some microorganisms, mainly as a result of the bacteriocidal function of gastric acid; those that are there are aerobes and facultative anaerobes.

An attractive evidence of the capability of gastric acid to repress bacterial populations is observable in patients with achlorhydria, a genetic disorder which inhibits secretion of gastric acid.

Such patients, which are otherwise healthy, may have about 10,000 to 100,000,000 microorganisms per ml of stomach contents.

Contrary to the stomach and small intestine, the contents of the colon plainly swarm with bacteria, mainly severe anaerobes -bacteria that survive only in environments that are completely devoid of oxygen.

Amid these two extremes is a transitional zone, normally in the ileum, where reasonable numbers of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are established.

The gastrointestinal tract is germ-free at birth, but migration characteristically starts within a small number of hours of birth, beginning from the small intestine and advancing gradually over a period of a number of days. In the majority of circumstances, a “mature” microbial flora is recognized by 3 to 4 weeks of age.

  1. Use in food

Microorganisms are made use of in brewing, wine making, baking, pickling and other food-manufacturing processes. They are as well employed in the control of the fermentation process in the manufacture of cultured dairy products like in yogurt and cheese.

The cultures as well make available flavour and aroma, and eliminate undesirable organisms.

  1. Use in water treatment

The majority of all oxidative sewage treatment processes depend on a large array of microorganisms to oxidize organic components which are not agreeable to sedimentation or flotation.

Anaerobic microorganisms are as well utilized to reduce slush solids manufacturing methane gas in the midst of other gases and a germ-free mineralized residue.

In drinkable water treatment, one method, the slow sand filter, uses a complicated jellylike layer made up of an extensive array of microorganisms to take away both dissolved and particulate material from raw water.

  1. Use in energy

Micro-organisms are made use of in fermentation to manufacturing ethanol, and in biogas reactors to manufacture of methane. Scientists are conducting research on the use of algae to manufacture of liquid fuels, and bacteria to change different types of agricultural and urban waste into utilizable fuels.

  1. Use in production of chemicals, enzymes etc

Micro-organisms are employed for a lot of commercial and industrial manufacturing of chemicals, enzymes and other bioactive molecules.

Examples of organic acid manufacture are:

• Acetic acid: Manufactured by the bacterium Acetobacter aceti and other acetic acid bacteria (AAB)

• Butyric acid (butanoic acid): Manufactured by the bacterium Clostridium butyricum

• Lactic acid: Lactobacillus and others usually known as lactic acid bacteria (LAB)

• Citric acid: Manufactured by the fungus Aspergillus niger

  1. Diseases caused by Microbes

Micro-organisms are the reason of a lot of infectious diseases.

The organisms concerned are pathogenic bacteria-they cause diseases like plague, tuberculosis and anthrax; protozoa- they cause diseases like malaria, sleeping sickness, dysentery and toxoplasmosis; and as well fungi-they cause diseases like ringworm, candidiasis or histoplasmosis.

Nevertheless, a few diseases like influenza, yellow fever or AIDS are caused by pathogenic viruses, which are not normally classified as living organisms and are not, therefore, micro-organisms by the stringent definition.

  1. Use in Food in Hygiene

Hygiene is the prevention of infection or food spoiling by removing microorganisms from the surroundings. As microorganisms, in particular bacteria, are discovered practically all over the place, the levels of injurious microorganisms can be minimized to suitable levels.

Nevertheless, in a few cases, it is needed that an object or substance be entirely sterile, i.e. free of every living entities and viruses. A good instance is a hypodermic needle.

  1. Active use of lactic acid bacteria

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an essential class of bacteria in food production. They are vigorously made use of in the manufacture of fermented foods like cured sausages and yoghurt, and a few LAB possess probiotic properties, ie. they possess a positive effect on consumer health.

Fighting unwanted bacteria

A lot of bacteria possess a negative effect on food because they depreciate the food’s consumption quality or make it unsafe for consumption. When microorganisms break down and deteriorate food, these results to an increased food waste and wastage, which in turn has crucial financial and environmental consequences.

Staying further on in knowledge of the expression, deterrence and fight against bacteria is consequently an endless battle.

Credit : Article sent in by a fan through email “okoh praise” Biology lessons app

Top 12 IMPORTANT LIFE LESSONS


  Very important life lessons
One of the important life lesson
1. Deferring your happiness to the future is a
terrible idea
Too many people presume that when they
have that one thing they can work towards for
years then “everything will be alright”.
This is delusional.
When you get it, there’ll be something else
missing in your life. I fundamentally believe
that long-term pure happiness from one
particular situation or achievement is a pipe-
dream, but we can learn to be content with
what we have, live in the now, all while
enjoying the progress and changes we are
making.
If your whole life is working up towards one
really big major goal that you hold on to for
years, then you will have a major anticlimax
after the dust settles. Work towards it, but
stop deferring your happiness. Take this lesson seriously.
2. Living a good life is the best way possible
to convince people:
Enough words and enough arguing. This is very important because like they say action speaks louder than voice. Just live
by example and soon you’ll have people on
your side when they see your results and how
passionate you are. No need to “convince”
them. Just show them that you are there, tell
them how you got there, and they will start to
realise that maybe you aren’t that crazy after all. They will learn their lesson and adjust accordingly.
3. Nobody has it all figured out. This is one of the important LESSONS life has thought me. Everyone has a problem nomatter how much they try to cover it, this fact has helped to drive home the african proverb which says that the ” he goat sweats but it furs prevents others from seeing it” dont be deceived by the fake smiles and show that almost everyone displays. Dont be deceived by the fake life of most celebrities, dont compare your life to their own because everyone has where the shoe is pinching them.
Nobody has it all figured out
Almost everyone has problems and puts on a
brave face – don’t presume they have it easy.
You see of each person what they let you see.
You have no idea what they are going through
or what they had to put up with to be in a
situation that you can consider “easy”.
This is universal – millionaires, students, the
cool kid, the party animal, the introvert and
everyone in between has more to their story
than the superficial restricted one you see.
Never dismiss them as having it easy if you
don’t know the entire story. Very important!
View also : 7 IMPORTANT LIFE LESSONS THAT A YOUNG
GIRL LEARNT FROM breaking UP WITH
HER EX

4. I wonder why most people especially will rather lie than admit that they dont know somethings in life. They is nothing to be ashamed of because no one know it all in life. If you dont know something you should admit it, feel free to ask for help because according to an important african proverb “a traveller that asks questions never misses his destination.
There’s no shame in saying “I don’t know”
There is a stigma in some cultures to admit
ignorance about a particular topic. Don’t
dance around the issue – just say I don’t
know. Honesty is way smarter.
  important things that teacch us painful  lessons in life making us wise.  Foolish money
5. More money will NEVER solve your
problems
As long as you are not living in the street or
going hungry, then you do not “need” more
money. When you spend enough time with
people who are actually living on next to
nothing, but having a full life, then you will
truly understand this. Everything that is
wonderful about life doesn’t cost a penny, and
the rest is way cheaper than you think it is.
View also : TWO IMPORTANT MANAGEMENT LESSONS I
LEARNT FROM A 500 NAIRA NOTE

 lessons in life that are very important
6. The sixth important life lesson applies to everyone in the information age.
The Internet is the greatest tool ever
available to us, but daily use must be capped
Unlike TVs, the Internet is interactive and
allows you to take part and become virtually
social. It connects communities all over the
world and without it, the last many years
simply would have been much more difficult
for me for many reasons.
Having said that, it has the same potential as
TV to become a black hole of time. Use it to
enrich your life, but put a cap on how much
you use it so you can get out and live that
life. Replacing one screen with another (even
when you use it to chat to people) is just
escaping the real world, which is much more
beautiful.
7. Man’s demands can be insatiable so its very important that you keep it at the back of your mind.
You can’t please everyone
State your opinion and stick to your guns.
Trying to please everyone is a fool’s errand. If
you are confident enough and share your idea
with enough people, you will piss off someone
no matter what you talk about. That’s their
problem, not yours.
View also : The proffessor’s lesson about setting our priorities
View also : real life tips for students
8. Trying to be cool or following trends is for
mindless sheep
Peer pressure is for people who are afraid of
their individuality in life. You are unique. Stand up for yourself, and
go against the flow if that’s what you feel is
best. What’s cool now will be frozen over in a
few years.
9. I wonder why people find it difficult to say this magic words “i’m SORRY” . C’mon its very important that you learn how to make use of it. Swallow your pride and apologise
Never hold a grudge and never try to win every
argument. Sometimes it’s best to let your
pride slide for the sake of clearing the air with
someone. Be the first to say you’re sorry.
Never wait for the other person to make the
first move.
 12 THINGS THAT IS IMPORTANT AND NECESARY FOR US TO LEARN IN LIFE
10. Doing anything specifically to impress
people is stupid: Now this is a very important life lesson.
People will never give you the validation you
seek if you try to be a dancing monkey for
them. Saying how many languages you speak,
how rich you are, who you know, where you
studied or what you do for a living, or trying
to show-off in any other way to get someone
to like you, or working for these things just for
the bragging rights will leave you really
disappointed.
People are impressed by those who aren’t
trying to impress them and are comfortable in
themselves and social and interesting.
Sometimes to be “interesting” all you have to
do is be a good listener.
  important things that teacch us painful  lessons in life making us wise.  Foolish money
11. Love isn’t “all” you need, but if you don’t
have it in some form, your life will be very
empty
We don’t need love to survive, but without it
there will be a huge hole inside you. Make
sure that every day you have someone (family,
friends, lover) to remind you that you are
special. In Life If you postpone this part of your life
until later , after you get or do that thing you
want to do, you will continue in that lonely
path indefinitely.
View also : how to use fear to your own advantage
12. The last life lesson in this list :
You don’t know what you’ve got ’till its
gone
Don’t take anything for granted.
The most valuable lessons in life can never
be expressed in black and white, but must be
experienced.
You don’t know what you’ve got ’till its
gone
fluentin3months.com

Man can only give what he has


Written by Okereke anthony

Man can neither exhibit nor offer what he
lacks; You can only get better by doing good
and can soar to be the very best by doing
better..
Read also : 1 DONT JUDGE OTHERS
2. signs of maturity
Being great is like climbing a ladder;
getting to the highest rung is determined by
first steping on lowest rung. .. We all dream
and acknowledge our potentials but the
difference is seen in waking up to work
towards our dreams. Why some choses to
wake when its dawn, some would somewise
decide to stick with the fun of the dream
world, thus sleeping and dreaming beyond
dawn. Have you as a rational being, aligned/
classified yourself to the party you belong to?
Those that have chosen to live POTENTIALLY
GREAT? or those that chosed to live
PROFESSIONALLY GREAT. Its all about taking
a decision on who you want to be and how
you ought to be him. The choice made
amongst these two parties defines ur presence
and future.
Feel good to have you all as friends. And
grateful to wish you: “A Happy 5th day of the
second month of half of the year”. God is truly
great!!

17 SIMPLE WAYS TO SHOW COURTESy .


SIMPLE WAYS of showing courtsy include
  17 SIMPLE WAYS TO SHOW COURTESy 17 SIMPLE WAYS TO SHOW COURTESy

.
1. Don’t break up with someone over text
messages.
2. In case you miss a call, drop a message as
soon as possible if you’re unable to call.
3. Pay back borrowed money as soon as
possible no matter how little the amount is.
Don’t assume that they don’t need it and
never make them ask you for it.

Read also : HOW TO LIVE A HAPPIER LIFE
4. Turn the volume down when you’re
watching a video, playing music or playing a
game on your phone in a public place or
better yet, use headphones.
5. Don’t press your phone or use headphones
when someone is having a conversation with
you. Unplug the headsets from your ears even
if nothing is playing and give them your
undivided attention.
6. When using someone else’s phone or
computer, Don’t go through their stuff without
permission.
7. Always leave the last piece (of meat) for the
person who bought it unless they insist they
won’t eat it.
8. Don’t use speaker phone to have a two
person conversation unless your hand are
unable to hold the phone.
9. When someone else cooks for you, offer to
help clean the kitchen.
10. If you stay the night at someone’s
house, make the bed or fold the blankets when
you leave.

Read also : A SIMPLE ACT OF CARING : BRIAN
ANDERSON STORY

11. Don’t let your arguments escalate in
public. Find someplace else to continue
arguing where others won’t feel uncomfortable
or interested.

Also read: HOW TO ACCEPT A COMPLIMENT
WITHOUT FEELING AWKWARD

12. If you ask your friends for help with some
house work, feed them as payment.
13. When someone buys you food or coffee, try
to return the favour within a week (if you can).
14. When you borrow someone’s car, fill up
the tank as a way of saying ‘thank you.’
15. Don’t pickup a call when u engage in
conversation without taken permission.
16. Make sure you don’t forget to return that
book you borrowed.
17. When someone gives you a gift, no matter
how small it is or the way it was presented,
even if it wasn’t up to your Expectation, Just
say ‘Thank You’..
.
.
Share if you think its the right thing to do. —

[ read also 10 TIPS AND TRICKS FOR INTROVERTS AND
SHY PEOPLE PART.1
]

setting your priorities straight : the professor’s lesson


  setting your priorities straight : the professor's lesson
  setting your priorities straight : the professor's lesson

The Important Things In Life
A philosophy professor stood before his class
with some items on the table in front of him.
When the class began, wordlessly he picked up
a very large and empty mayonnaise jar and
proceeded to fill it with rocks, about 2 inches
in diameter.
He then asked the students if the jar was full.
They agreed that it was.
So the professor then picked up a box of
pebbles and poured them into the jar. He
shook the jar lightly. The pebbles, of course,
rolled into the open areas between the rocks.
He then asked the students again if the jar
was full. They agreed it was.
The professor picked up a box of sand and
poured it into the jar. Of course, the sand
filled up the remaining open areas of the jar.
He then asked once more if the jar was full.
The students responded with a unanimous
“Yes.”
“Now,” said the professor, “I want you to
recognize that this jar represents your life. The
rocks are the important things – your family,
your partner, your health, your children –
things that if everything else was lost and only
they remained, your life would still be full. The
pebbles are the other things that matter – like
your job, your house, your car. The sand is
everything else, the small stuff.”
“If you put the sand into the jar first,” he
continued, “there is no room for the pebbles or
the rocks. The same goes for your life. If you
spend all your time and energy on the small
stuff, you will never have room for the things
that are important to you. Pay attention to the
things that are critical to your happiness. Play
with your children. Take your partner out
dancing. There will always be time to go to
work, clean the house, give a dinner party, or
fix the disposal.”
“Take care of the rocks first – the things that
really matter. Set your priorities. The rest is
just sand.”

Read also 1. 11 THINGS YOU WONT UNDERSTAND UNLESS
YOU WERE THE FIRST CHILD OR THE ELDEST
IN YOUR FAMILY

2. LIST OF MOST IMPORTANT QUALITIES THAT
WOMEN CONSIDER ATTRACTIVE IN MEN
ESPECIALLY IN RELATIONSHIPS

youthfulness and old age


youthfulness and old age
I saw a frail looking old man today at the
saloon. He had worn out shoes and clothes
and looked malnourished. We see people like
this around us all the time. They could be the
cleaners in our hostels, they could be the men
who clear the grasses in our estates, they
could even be the women who come to wash
your clothes or clean your toilet. Have you
stopped to wonder why they are where they
are today? They were young too at a point,
some had big dreams, some are even
educated. So how did they end up where they
are?? I don’t have an answer to that. But one
thing is certain, where we end up is determined
largely by how we use our time now(yeah I’m
talking about time again).
You can’t play your youth away, adding zero
value to yourself and expect not to end up
driving or house helping someone. What is
worth doing is worth doing well…whether
you’re learning a trade or you’re in school, put
in your back into it…add value to yourself…
Learn new skills… Read books and use the
internet for research and not just Facebook
and Instagram.
.
  youthfulness and old age

Lets face it, there is no guarantee that you
won’t fail when you grow up, getting serious
with how you use your time now will reduce
the chances of that happening to a large
extent. Religious people may say ‘i have faith’
‘God has promised me good success’ etc..but
God will only bless the work of your hand
meaning your hands must be busy. You don’t
sleep from 9pm to 10am the following day
and expect good success, that’s not gonna
happen, that’s not the sweet sleep He gives
His beloved. That’s laziness not faith, cos
even faith dies where there’s no work to act
on. let’s get our act together. A little sleep a
little slumber a little folding of hands and
poverty will be looming.

WordOnTheStreet

Kindly share………Good evening from a heart
that cares…… Go get busy today people.. One
LOve!
 youthfulness and old age
 youthfulness and old age
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Unconditional Love is Conditional : moment of truth


  Unconditional Love is Conditional : moment of truth

Let’s correct this myth; love involving opposite
sexes is conditional. It is 100% conditional.
Something attracts you to someone or gets
you attracted to someone. That is the
condition. When I hear people say love is
unconditional, I wonder why such people do
not fall in love with mad people. They will not.
Why? Because they are not sane. So what is
sanity then? It is a condition!
.
You want a tall, dark, handsome, rich young
man and you still claim that there is true love.
Why not go for a short, mentally-retarded,
haggardly-looking old man? The same goes
with men. However, there may be occasions
when you may preferentially lose sight of some
qualities over others, that does not mean you
will not have something to draw you close to
that person. It can be looks, character, money,
how s/he treats you, religious affiliations,
career, fame, godliness, even minute things
like neatness or good vocal ability. Whatever
it is, there must be a reason; and that is the
condition! Frustration and societal views can
equally be in the list of these conditions. Are
you asking how? Ask those ‘old’ single ladies.
You can visit some prayer houses.
.
Unconditional love exists within family circle,
especially nuclear family and is most
showcased by mothers. You see it again in
divinity. No matter how or who you are, your
mum and your God do not joke with you.
.
Any love that is romantic or has the latency of
metamorphosing into romance is highly
conditional. You reading this cannot fall in
love with just anybody likewise I who posted
it. It’s a fact; no matter how hard you try to
deny it.
.
I am just trying to make common sense. Love
responsibly!

Written by CHIGOZIE gentle
  Unconditional Love is Conditional : moment of truth

my favorite beautiful silence quotes


This is a compilation of my favorite beautiful silence quotes that i saw on net! But before you start reading This i recommend that you read the power of silence and a smile as weapons in
life
first

The beautiful quotes include
 beautiful silence quotes

“Silence and smile are two
powerful tools. Smile is the way
to solve many problems and
silence is the way to avoid many
problems.”
2.
“Silence is golden when you can’t
think of a good answer.”-
Muhammad Ali
3.
“The quieter you become, the
more you are able to hear.”
4.
“Silence is the most powerful
scream.”
5.
“Those who know do not speak.
Those who speak do not know.”
6.
“Silence is a fence around
wisdom.”-German Proverb
7.
“In the End, we will remember not
the words of our enemies, but the
silence of our friends.”-Martin
Luther King, Jr
8.
“The tree of silence bears the fruit
of peace.” – Arabian Proverb
9.
“Silence is as deep as eternity;
speech, shallow as time.”
10.
“Silence is a true friend who never
betrays.”-Confucius
11.
“My silence means I’d rather talk
to myself than you.”
12.
“Spiteful words can hurt your
feelings, but silence breaks the
heart.”
13.
“Silence is better than unmeaning
words.”
14.
“He who does not understand
your silence will probably not
understand your words.”-Elbert
Hubbard
15.
“Words can make a deeper scar
than silence can heal.”
16.
“There are times when silence is
the best way to yell at the top of
your voice.”
17.
“Laughter will always be the best
medicine, silence will always be
the best revenge, and love will
always be all you need.”
18.
“If talk is cheap, then being silent
is expensive. And many people it
seems, can’t afford to buy into it.”
19.
“Sometimes, the most meaningful
things are found through silence.”
20.
“Silence is the best way to answer
a fool.”
21.
“Well timed silence has more
eloquence than speech.”
22.
“Silence is the language of God,
all else is poor translation.”
23.
“True silence is the rest of the
mind; it is to the spirit what sleep
is to the body, nourishment and
refreshment.”
24.
“Keep your mouth closed until
your mind is in gear.”
25.
“Men of few words are the best
men.”-William Shakespeare
26.
“When silence is used as a
weapon it can wound even more
than words.”-Jill Thrussell
27.
“Silence is sometimes the best
answer.”- Dalai Lama
28.
“Some hearts understand each
other even in silence.”
29.
“Work hard in silence. Let success
be your noise.”
30.
“The wiser a man is, the less
talkative will he be.”
31.
“If you don’t understand my
silence then you don’t deserve my
words.”
32.
“Open your mouth only if what
you are going to say is more
beautiful than silence.”
33.
“God speaks in the silence of the
heart. Listening is the beginning
of prayer.”- Mother Teresa
34.
“Silence is golden until you have
kids, then silence is suspicious.”
35.
“Speaking comes by nature,
silence by understanding.”
36.
“Silence speaks when words
can’t.”
37.
“Silence is the source of great
strength.”

37 Famous Quotes about Power of Silence

5 things a student should work on before graduating from school to succeed



5 Things to work on before graduation.
It’s quite appaling that there is no difference again between illiterates that never went to school and all this half baked graduates that our schools are releasing into the Labour market yearly. It’s because students fail to To plan for their future while they are still in school especially the cultists, runs girls, party – fashion-gadgets freaks, including lazy students that find it difficult reading their books. They feel that the world revolves around them but what they don’t know is that failure to plan is a perfect plan for failure. The outside world is different from the University – campus or school world and if you don’t want to be crying had I known by the time that you will be graduating from that school school were your parents and guardians are spending their hard earned money to train you you then must work on 5 aspects of your life that will be listed below


1. Spoken english
It is so sad that majority of
Nigerian students in tertiary
institutions don’t bother about
polishing their spoken and written
english. Some graduates speak
english worse than a toddler, making
one wonder what they spent 16yrs
doing in school. You hear them spew
gabbage like “he come and slap me
and I come and beat him”. If you
speak such english to an interviewer,
even with first class clearly written
on your CV, he will probably think
you runzed your way through school.
The use of words like yeah, goddamn,
omo, sh*t, f**k etc should be stopped
cos they don’t portray you as a
decent person.
2. Mode of dressing
Looking fly on campus was one of the
things I enjoyed during my
undergraduate days. It was fun cos
you had so much of the opposite sex
around to admire you. The moment I
graduated, my orientation changed.
Not that a graduate should stop
wearing denims and sneakers, but
sagging and putting on studs with
crazy hairstyle should come to a stop
if such a person wants to fit into the
corporate world. In the corporate
world, you get to mingle with
matured or married men with enough
decency. Sagging in their midst will
make you look kiddo. Just cos your
favourite musician davido sags his
trousers doesn’t mean you should do
thesame. He gets paid to do that
while you could get fired for doing
thesame.
3. Spendthrift attitude
The first time I heard someone say
his salary is 70k, I hissed and
mocked him in my mind cos that was
thesame amount we students spent
on phones just to oppress each other.
Now I’ve seen people earning less
than 45k even with years of
experience. What kind of person do
you think you’ll turn out to be when
all you want is the latest expensive
gadgets? In the real world, no one
cares about the kind of phone you
use. Even on naija campus these
days, girls have stopped falling for a
guy because of the phone he uses,
they now trip for flashy cars. So,
before you spend that huge amount
on a phone, ask yourself this
question: “is it going to improve my
standard of living?”. I didn’t know I
could turn my smart phone to a mini
laptop with WPS, Excel etc until I got
employed. My phone was all about
bbm, whatsapp and facebook. I now
saw the full potential of the phone.
You need to cut down on your
spendings. Also, get the idea of
clubbing off your mind or it might
ruin your pockets. The money saved
from disciplining yourself can be
used to start something great. Use
your head.
(also read
1 advice from nairalanders on how to make a good result in school

2 Why students graduate with poor grades

3 lessons that all students and graduates must learn in other to survive after schooling

4 advice! must read for all undergraduates

5 Why you should send your children to a boarding school
6. 10 tips on how to graduate with a very good result in school
4. Another thing every student must work upon is laziness.
You remember how you use to
complain about the large notebooks
you have to read for exams? If you
lack a good reading culture, it is
certain you will be bereft of ideas
to contribute to a company’s growth.
You are always seen reading gossip
blogs where you are updated with
the lifestyle of celebrities but lack
the idea of what the top 20
questions interviewers ask. Scaling
through campus days as a lazy
person doesn’t mean such is likely to
continue in the real world. Carrying
on with laziness is what leads to
prostitution, where a lady feels she
can use her body to fetch her daily
bread instead of her brain, or where
a guy still expects his uncle to be
the one to help him achieve his
targets even after getting him a job
through nepotism. You get to wonder
why they spent 16yrs developing
their brain in school.

5. Pride
I remember when I was in my final
year at school, I was always happy
about what the future held for me. I
knew I was going to get a job that
pays 350k immediately I graduated.
Reality slapped me in the face when
my first offer was a job paying 30k.
I had no choice but to take the offer
cos I was already tired of adding
more months to the six months I had
spent at home just sleeping. Luckily
for me, that job paved the way for a
better one cos it gave me the
needed experience recruiters want to
see on a CV. I’ve now realise that
350k is only feasible for those in
the oil sector and those with huge
years of experience, not a fresh
graduate who doesn’t know his left
from his right. As you are about
graduating, never see any job as
demeaning. Take it up while you
continue searching for a better one.
This gives you experience. A bird in
hand is better than a million in the
bush. Remember, you are a nobody
and no one gives a damn about you
out there. So, drop your pride and
use your head and hands or end up
spending years still eating your
mum’s food with insults.

Written by Adewole Segun.
God’spower nwachukwu
If it make sense to you share to a student.uh

five miracles that jesus christ performed on earth that we often ignore


Jesus performed lots of miracles in the world during his lifetime on earth ,they are so many that according to the book of john a thousand books will not be enough to record them all . But even among the few ones that were recorded there are some miracles that we tend to ignore because we are not reading between the lines when we are going through our bible
I will still write another post on this blog and the title will be ” ten incredible miracles performed by Jesus during his time on earth ” . You probably know what I’m talking about but for now let me give a list of five miracles that Jesus performed during his time on earth that we ignored probably because they were not as incredible as others but on closer examination they turned out to be miraculous in nature.

1 TALKING TO 5000 MEN WITHOUT A
MICROPHONE before going further make i ask
you just 1 question,how far can your voice go?
Jesus christ talks to over 5 thousand men
without even a microphone or speaker,that
guy might be having headache everyday due
to screaming.

( ten types of Christians that puts a smile on Jesus Christ’s face )

2 HIS PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH TO
ISSUE’S Although Jesus never attended
college(i dont know if he attended high
school,).But he settle dispute
and answer questions in a more matured
way,for instance when the pharisees(or
whatever) where about stoning Mary
Magdalene,he told them”if you have not done
such things in your life,then stone her” but
they all dispersed.

( does Jesus Christ support same sex marriage? )

3 HIS ABILITY TO TALK FOR DAYS WITHOUT
EATING OR DRINKING Jesus Christ can teach
for days without showing an expression of
hunger or thirst,for instance when he fed 5
thousand men,he had taught for two days
without eating anything and yet he is more
worried about the crowd that just sit and
listen to him.
( spiritual and physical effects of spiritual husbands and wives in your life )

4 HIS ABILITIES TO KNOW NAMES Although
Jesus christ has many Friends and followers
but still he knew the names of everyone,for
instance he called all his Apostles by name
before they became his Apostles,he called
Mattew and Zaccheus by name,he also called
many people which i wouldnt mention.
( beautiful names of Jehovah the creator of heaven and earth )
5 HIS SPIRIT OF ENDURANCE AND LOVE
Jesus was sent into the world to die for our
sin not for his own sin and yet he accepted to
die,he was born like a horse rather than a
King,he started enduring at the age of twelve
when he revealed his real family(us),Jesus
endured hunger for 40 days and 40 night,he
endured temptation,suffered till death just for
you and I.
( hi ,I’m Godspower nwachukwu and this is the story of how the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth saved my life )

source epiphanus20 nairaland.com

have you ever wondered why the batman refuses to kill the joker? | answers


Mr batman #batman
have you ever wondered why the batman ends up failing to kill the joker (a super villain ) even though he has the power to do so ? well personally I’m tired of watching movies where the joker commits crimes ,kills innocent people and does all sorts of evil things only to be set free by batman ,and the worst is that even when he is locked up by batman in the prison he always ends up escaping to commit. even greater atrocities. why doesn’t the batman just kill him knowing fully well that the death of Mr joker will lead to the safety and well being of the entire society?


well I decided to ask the question on quora but another gentleman had already done that and below is a compilation of the best answers that I got!

answer by Mr Jessy Richards:

Because the Joker wins if Batman kills him.
That’s what the Joker wants. Everything he
does is to taunt Batman into killing him. In
fact, the interesting part of their relationship,
the real conflict of each story, is not to see if
Batman will stop him (he will), but to watch
Batman struggle with not killing him, because
anyone other than Batman would of course kill
him. This self-control is Batman’s superpower.
The Joker and Batman are each trying to prove
a point to society – and really to us, the
readers. The Joker wants Batman to kill him
because he perfectly embodies chaos and
anarchy, and wants to prove a point to
everyone that people are basically more
chaotic than orderly. This is why he is so
scary: we are worried he may be right. If the
Joker is right, then civilization is a ruse and
we are all truly monsters inside. If the Joker
can prove that Batman – the most orderly and
logical and self-controlled of all of us – is a
monster inside, then we are all monsters
inside, and that is terrifying. The Joker is
terrifying because we fear that we are like him
deep down – that he is us. Batman is what we
(any average person) could be at our absolute
best, and the Joker is what we could be at our
absolute worst. The Joker’s claim is that we
are all terrible deep down, and it is only the
law and our misplaced sense of justice that
keeps us in line. Since Batman isn’t confined
by the law, he is a perfect test case to try to
get him to “break”. The Joker wants Batman
to kill a person, any person, but knows that
the only person Batman might ever even
remotely consider killing would have to be a
terrible monster, so is willing to do this
himself and sacrifice himself to prove this
macabre point. Batman needs to prove that it
is not just laws that keep us in line, but basic
human decency and our natural instinct NOT
to kill. If Batman can prove this, then others
will be inspired by his example (the citizens of
Gotham, but again, also the readers), just as
we are all inspired every day to keep
civilization running smoothly and not descend
into violence, anarchy, and chaos. This ability
to be decent in the face of the horrors and
temptations present all around us is
humanity’s superpower, the superpower of
each of us. The struggle of Batman and the
Joker is the internal struggle of each of us.
But we are inspired by Batman’s example, not
the Joker’s, because Batman always wins the
argument, because he has not killed the Joker.
This basic logic applies to all superheroes who
don’t kill, but the Joker-Batman conflict is the
most perfectly distilled example. There are a
lot of other good answers on this page, and
they are all different-but-correct ways of
looking at the question, but to me, the
philosophical and thematic reasons above are
more resonant than the plot and character
reasons that exist within the logic of the
story.

second answer by Mr mark hughes
Put simply, Batman doesn’t commit murder,
because he refuses to intentionally take a life
with his own hands and become an
executioner. The basic answer is easy enough
to articulate. But the reason behind it is very
complicated.
Bruce Wayne witnessed the simple power of
taking a life, when he was a child watching
his parents die in front of him. The act itself is
easy, something anyone can really do if they
want to, but the impact of murder is complex
and monumental, because the implications of
an execution last forever.
Joe Chill shot Bruce’s parents in a moment of
fear and desperation, just to grab some money
and without the intention of taking anyone’s
life — but his simple act of reflexively pulling
a trigger, in a split second, forever changed
the world through the ripples it sent out,
taking the Waynes from the world and ending
Thomas Wayne’s medical practice and the
parents’ philanthropy, and of course sending
Bruce on a path inescapably toward becoming
Batman.
Bruce is aware of this with every fiber of his
being. He relives that murder in his darkest
moments, and it is in the memory and honor
of his parents that he fights to make their city
a better place. He can never become the thing
that struck them down, a murderer who takes
the simple path that sends out those endless
ripples. The purposeful taking of another
human life, to assume the power and
responsibility of forever ending a life, is the
defining event against which Batman rose to
resist. The moment he takes a life, he has lost
his reason to exist, because he will have
become the very thing he was born to end.
Bruce accepts that he must be a criminal, a
vigilante, to do his work. But this he accepts
as an unavoidable element of his mission —
to stand against the peculiar and very special
circumstances of Gotham’s corruption that
reaches to the highest government offices and
taints the justice system and law enforcement,
Batman would necessarily have to operate
outside of the legal system. To be free of
outside influences and accountable only to
himself and his mission, too, required being
an outlaw of sort.
But this lack of accountability is also a
burden, and it means he must carefully weigh
his actions and police himself as much as he
polices the city — and he is well aware that
without any other accountability or authority,
he must restrict himself from actions that go
too far and that are outside the ultimate goal
of standing for the ideal of the rule of law as a
social contract. A man accountable only to
himself might be able to excuse actions that
can be corrected or amended if he is wrong,
but when he is answerable only to himself, the
temptation to weigh the lives of others and to
deal out judgment as a God deciding the
ultimate fate of victims, is too much. A line
must be drawn, or there will eventually be no
line at all and no limitation on his own
actions, because he will stop being
accountable even to himself if does not hold
himself accountable for the irreversible and
absolute exercise of authority over life and
death.
It is easy — too easy — to think that yes, the
Joker has killed so many victims and escaped
so many times, the only way to make him stop
killing innocent civilians is to just kill him. In
Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns , there
is a great moment when, after the Joker has
detonated a hidden bomb in an apartment
complex, Batman thinks to himself that he will
stay and help the police pull people out of the
rubble and do the best he can, and then he’ll
count the dead and add them to the list of all
of the people he himself has murdered by
letting the Joker live. So Batman doesn’t fail
to understand the horrible math involved, the
terrible moral trap that presents itself the
moment he begins to let himself even consider
the possibility of killing the Joker in order to
save future lives.
[Let me take a moment to comment on that
last point, just to be clear: it is ONLY in the
context of preventing future presumed
murders, of course, that we can even begin to
talk about the moral dilemma of “why doesn’t
Batman kill the Joker,” because the notion of
killing the Joker out of revenge or to make him
pay for his past crimes doesn’t enter into the
equation. Punishment isn’t what Batman is
about, it’s not his mission, it’s not his mental
frame of reference for what he does and why
he does it. And he does on some level realize
that the Joker’s madness and psychosis are
so absolute and pure, “punishment” itself is an
irrational response to someone who exists
beyond such concepts like the Joker. It is only
the idea of killing the Joker to preserve other
lives in the future, then, that we are talking
about here.]
While Batman realizes the implications of the
mathematical calculations, that refusing to
execute the Joker will almost surely mean
more innocent deaths if the Joker escapes
again (and he always does, eventually), he
also realizes that if the point is that the
Joker’s life isn’t as valuable as the lives of his
victims — so much so that the mere CHANCE
of more victims is enough to justify murdering
the Joker — then a single innocent life should
be enough to justify murdering the Joker. It
cannot be a case of weighing the number of
innocent lives, if innocent life is so precious it
justifies murder then even one should be too
many, since the equation is one life (a
victim’s) versus one life (the Joker’s).
And if one innocent life is too valuable, and
would justify taking the life of a killer, then
the same equation applies to most of
Batman’s other arch villains as well. And it
applies to the mobsters. And it applies to any
killers. And, if the equation is one in which the
likelihood and chance of future victims is
enough to justify murdering someone to stop
the potential/likelihood of future victims, then
rationally chronic drunk drivers and armed
robbers and many others also qualify.
Which is where the lack of a prohibition
means the lack of a clear line, which means
the lack of ANY line, which means the lack of
any accountability other than himself
necessarily leads — irresistibly and
unstoppably — to lack of accountability even
to himself. He becomes absolute, and murder
of anyone becomes justifiable. Because once
you’ve justified the above examples, you place
in your own hands a presumption of moral
certainty (which you MUST presume, you
MUST feel with absolute certainty, or you can
never trust yourself to begin murdering based
on who you believe should be murdered) that
will eventually lead to the same certainty
about your best guess, about your gut feeling,
and the basic minimum standard becomes so
arbitrary that there IS no minimum standard
anymore. Once the idea enters your head that
a person should die, your absolute moral
authority, without accountability whatsoever,
means you can find a reason to kill them if
you wish to do so.
That is the logical progression, in the context
of one man placing himself beyond all outside
accountability and authority, and granting
himself the latitude to judge when it is
acceptable to murder other people. The
mathematics is a ruse, a distraction to tempt
and allow that first taste of blood, that first
deceptively easy step across a line that
vanishes forever once you cross it. If the loss
of innocent life is enough reason to execute
another life judged not innocent, then one
innocent life becomes enough reason to
execute another life judged less innocent.
Batman knows this, because he lives it every
day — he lives it by watching it transpire in
Gotham, by fighting it when it manifests daily
in the villains and in the hearts of ordinary
citizens and in the minds of cops with a
badge and a gun and a creeping sense that
it’s so easy to justify taking a life to stop
future wrongdoing. But most of all, he lives it
because it resides in his own mind, every
single day, when he must remember that
terrible moment as a child when he watched
another man make the calculation of Bruce’s
parents’ lives versus a few dollar bills. And he
lives it because within his own heart, he hears
that little whisper tempting him to cross the
line, with the Joker or with the Penguin or
with the mobsters or with a serial killer.
So he refuses to become a murderer, because
he knows that murdering the Joker leads to
murdering all of them, making each killing
easier than the last. And that casts him as the
very thing that created him, as the thing he
fights against, because at that point the only
difference between Batman and the Joker
would be that Batman thinks he’s able to
justify his own murders.
A final point to consider is this: Batman was
“created” because a young child’s parents
were killed by a criminal, so what might
happen if a young child’s parent (or sibling,
etc) were killed by Batman? In the world of
Gotham City, events can create domino effects
long into the future, and the path of
vengeance isn’t solely Batman’s domain. If
death and revenge can create a Batman, they
can (and indeed did) create the opposite effect
as well. Batman can’t know whether this or
that criminal has a family or friends who
might be scarred for life and set on a path of
vengeance if Batman kills the criminal, giving
rise to some terrible new monster in Gotham.
Batman has no idea who the Joker really is/
was, and knows nothing about whether the
Joker has any family out there somewhere
who some day could come seeking a twisted,
hateful sort of revenge for Joker’s death. Joker
has obsessive followers, though, who have
carried out all manner of missions and
destruction in the name of the Joker — what
might they be compelled to do by their insane
obsession, if Batman actually killed the Joker?
And in fact, there is a young woman who
claims to be the Joker’s daughter, who has
gone on rampages in Gotham City after the
Joker seemed to have disappeared and
possibly died.
So Batman is aware that his actions have
consequences that could create a similar,
mirror version of his own tragic past, if he
allows himself to kill. The danger of Batman’s
actions giving rise to an alternate form of
vengeance in Gotham City is another part of
his decision not to kill. He draws that line,
makes that rule, and he cannot make
exceptions because any exception establishes
a precedent and the danger of crossing that
line again, and inevitably the outcome could
lead to tragedy for which Batman would have
to shoulder the blame, more so than any claim
that he is supposedly “at fault” for the Joker’s
crimes if he doesn’t kill the Joker. At the very
least, having lived a life of loss and trauma
over the death of family, Batman personally
feels it to be the worst sort of evil and crime,
and so if he himself kills other people then he
would become the very worst thing in his own
mind, the very thing that created him and
which he vowed to fight against.
https://www.quora.com/Why-doesnt-Batman-just-kill-The-Joker

ridiculous silly laws that actually exist in different countries of the world!


       RIDICULOUS SILLY LAWS THAT ACTUALLY
EXIST IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE
WORLD!

you wont believe this but these ridiculous laws actually exist ,its sounds so silly that I’m beginning to wonder if there was a good reason for the laws .
my apologies to the countries that will be mentioned we are not mocking your laws actually mocking your laws but the truths still remains that this laws are silly!
the ridiculous laws are listed below

In Iowa, it is illegal for a man with a mustache to kiss a woman in public.
now this is definitely silly!.

In July 2013 a law was passed in China that states it is illegal for adult children to not visit their parents “often” in China. They are also required to attend to their parent’s spiritual needs.

In Arkansas there still exists a law that was instated in the 1800s that states a husband is allowed to beat his wife, but only once a month.

In Virginia, it is illegal for a man to kick a woman out of bed.

In North Carolina couples must have sex in the missionary position and with the curtains pulled.

In Britain, it is illegal to import potatoes into England or Wales if you have reasonable cause to believe that they are Polish.

In Oregon, talking dirty while having sex is illegal. Even though they don’t really specify what qualifies as dirty talk.

In Utah you can marry your cousin, but only if
you are both over the age of 65. Because, you
know, when you turn 65 you’re known to have
impeccable judgment.
In Britain you are not allowed to let your pet
mate with any pet form the royal house.
In Utah, a husband is responsible for his
wife’s actions as long as he is with her at the
time of her “actions.”
. In parts of India, a man who is in debt can
offer up his wife until the debt is paid.
. In Greece, if anyone wants to get married, the
law requires those to publish their wedding
notice in a newspaper (written in Greek) or on
the City Hall notice board.
. In France, it is stated as illegal to marry a
dead person.
    RIDICULOUS SILLY LAWS THAT ACTUALLY
EXIST IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE
WORLD!
. In Britain, it is illegal to carry a plank along
the pavement.
. In Hong Kong, there’s a law that allows a
wife to kill her husband if she finds him
cheating. However, she must kill him with her
bare hands.
. In Britain it is illegal to operate a cow while
intoxicated.
. In Pennsylvania, it is illegal to tie a dollar
bill to a string on the ground and pull it away
when someone tries to pick it up.
. In New York City it is illegal to honk your
horn. If you do, you’re at risk of paying $350
fine.
. In Florida, it’s illegal to fart in a public place
after 6pm on a Thursday.
. In England it is illegal to die in the House Of
Parliament, but something tells me that if
someone did do this, they wouldn’t face many
repercussions?

. By law, any whale or great Sturgeon caught
in the UK is the property of the Queen.

. In Samoa it is illegal to forget your wife’s
birthday.
. In Britain, oddly enough it is illegal to be
drunk in the pub.

. In Turin, Italy, dog owners must take their
dogs on a walk at least three times a day.
. In Honolulu, Hawaii it is illegal to sing loudly
after sunset.ridiculous
   RIDICULOUS SILLY LAWS THAT ACTUALLY
EXIST IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE
WORLD!
. In Sweden it is illegal to be found buying the
services of a prostitute, even though
prostitution is legal. Which means the
prostitutes themselves would not be breaking
the law. In the past few years Iceland and
Norway have also adopted this law.

. In Victoria, Australia, it is illegal to change a
light bulb unless you’re a licensed electrician.

. In the UK, a law still exists from the Middle
Ages that requires all males over the age of
14 to be trained in shooting a long bow.

. Bangladeshi children of 15 and older can be
sent to jail for cheating on their final exams.
. In Australia, men are free to cross-dress, just
as long as their dresses are not strapless.

. In Florida it is illegal for a divorced or a
widowed woman to skydive on a Sunday
afternoon.
. In Switzerland, it is illegal to flush a toilet
after 10pm. This one confounds me.

. In Canada, any comic book that portrays
illegal activity is banned.

. In Argentina, there is a law that states that
Argentine nightclubs must play the same
amount of tango music as all other forms of
music combined.

. In China, it is a law that a person must be
intelligent to go to college.

. Married New Yorkers cannot get divorced on
grounds of irreconcilable differences unless
both marriage partners agree on those
grounds.

. In Tennessee it is legal to carry a loaded
firearm into a bar. Seems safe.

. In Norway, there is a law that protects all
female dogs and cats from being spayed. Only
male dogs and cats can be neutered. Also, an
ancient Norwegian law still still exists that
obliges all Norwegians to go out on
expeditions To Molest and plunder at least
once every five years.
. In France, it is illegal to name a pig
Napoleon. Apparently this is a slight to the
great French general and emperor.

. In Britain it is an act of treason to place a
postage stamp bearing the monarch’s head
upside down on an envelope.
. In Russia, Vladimir Putin just recently made
it illegal to tell kids that gay people exist.

. In Colorado it is illegal to collect rainwater.
Apparently farmers and landowners are being
punished for this.silly

Interracial marriage was still illegal in
Alabama in 2000.

In Thailand it is illegal to
step on money.In Singapore, selling non-
medical chewing gum or chewing normal gum
is a fine of $1000. A second offense costs $
2000 and being forced to clean a public area
of the city for a day. If a person litters three
times, they must clean the streets wearing a
bib that reads “I’m a litterer.” Even
pharmacists who sell the medical gum and
forget to ID get two years in jail. Spitting is
also illegal and can result in arrest.

In Saudi
Arabia, it is illegal for any woman to drive a
car. Right now, it’s illegal for them to vote
too. Apparently it will become legal in 2015
(how sweet).In Dubai, extramarital sex is
against the law and could result in jail
sentences for over a year. Which means that
in molest cases, both the victim and the
perpetrator could end up being charged with
the same crime.In Saudi Arabia, there is no
minimum age for marriage.

In 2008, a Saudi
court refused an 8-year-old girl, who asked for
a divorce from her 58-year-old husband.In
seven U.S. states, according to their
constitutions, atheists are barred from holding
public office.

In 29 states in the US it is legal
to fire someone for being gay. In Greece, police
are allowed to arrest anyone suspected of
having HIV. Police are also allowed to force
HIV testing, to publicize the names of HIV-
positive people and to have them evicted from
their homes.In the Philippines you can be
charged with the crime of “unjust vexation” for
doing just that, vexing someone. And yes, it is
as vague and arbitrary as it soundsSince
1986, US authorities have had the legal right
to access any 180-day old email, without a
warrant.In Mobile, Alabama, it is against the
law to throw confetti or spray silly string.

Interracial marriage was still illegal in
Alabama in 2000.In Thailand it is illegal to
step on money.In Singapore, selling non-
medical chewing gum or chewing normal gum
is a fine of $1000. A second offense costs $
2000 and being forced to clean a public area
of the city for a day. If a person litters three
times, they must clean the streets wearing a
bib that reads “I’m a litterer.” Even
pharmacists who sell the medical gum and
forget to ID get two years in jail. Spitting is
also illegal and can result in arrest.In Saudi
Arabia, it is illegal for any woman to drive a
car. Right now, it’s illegal for them to vote
too. Apparently it will become legal in 2015
(how sweet).In Dubai, extramarital sex is
against the law and could result in jail
sentences for over a year. Which means that
in molest cases, both the victim and the
perpetrator could end up being charged with
the same crime.In Saudi Arabia, there is no
minimum age for marriage. In 2008, a Saudi
court refused an 8-year-old girl, who asked for
a divorce from her 58-year-old husband.In
seven U.S. states, according to their
constitutions, atheists are barred from holding
public office.In 29 states in the US it is legal
to fire someone for being gay. In Greece, police
are allowed to arrest anyone suspected of
having HIV. Police are also allowed to force
HIV testing, to publicize the names of HIV-
positive people and to have them evicted from
their homes.In the Philippines you can be
charged with the crime of “unjust vexation” for
doing just that, vexing someone. And yes, it is
as vague and arbitrary as it soundsSince
1986, US authorities have had the legal right
to access any 180-day old email, without a
warrant.In Mobile, Alabama, it is against the
law to throw confetti or spray silly string
http://thoughtcatalog.com /rachel-
hodin/2013/10/67- ridiculous-laws-from-
around-the-world-that-still- actually-exist/
the laws. are silly and ridiculous right?